Renzo Piano

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Senator for life
Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano cropped.jpg
Piano in 2007
Born (1937-09-14) 14 September 1937 (age 76)
Genoa, Italy
Nationality Italian
Alma mater Politecnico di Milano
Awards Pritzker Architecture Prize
RIBA Gold Medal
Sonning Prize
AIA Gold Medal
Kyoto Prize
Practice Renzo Piano Building Workshop
Buildings Centre Georges Pompidou
Parco della Musica
Shard London Bridge
The New York Times Building
Nemo Science Centre in Amsterdam. The shape reflects the tunnel entrance it is built on (1997)
The Living Roof of the California Academy of Sciences, a museum and research facility in San Francisco, United States (2008)
Kansai International Airport, Osaka, Japan (1991–1994)
Shard London Bridge, London, UK (2012)

Renzo Piano, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (Italian: [ˈrɛntso ˈpjaːno]; born 14 September 1937) is an Italian Pritzker Prize-winning architect. Architecture critic Nicolai Ouroussoff said of Piano's works that the "...serenity of his best buildings can almost make you believe that we live in a civilized world."[1]

In 2006, Piano was selected by TIME as one of the 100 most influential people in the world.[2] He was selected as the 10th most influential person in the "Arts and Entertainment" category of the 2006 Time 100.

In August 2013 he was appointed Senator for Life in the Italian Senate by President Giorgio Napolitano.[3]

Biography[edit]

Piano was born in Genoa, Italy, in 1937, into a family of builders. He was educated and subsequently taught at the Politecnico di Milano. He graduated from the University in 1964 with a dissertation about modular coordination (coordinazione modulare) supervised by Giuseppe Ciribini[4] and began working with experimental lightweight structures and basic shelters.[5]

Career[edit]

Architecture[edit]

At first, Piano became known for his collaborations with other architects. From 1965 to 1970 he worked at the firm of iconic architect Louis Kahn in Philadelphia and with Z.S. Makowsky in London. He established an architectural firm with Richard Rogers named Piano & Rogers, where they worked together from 1971 to 1977. Their most famous joint project, together with the Italian architect Gianfranco Franchini, is the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris (1971). The New York Times has declared that this design "turned the architecture world upside down".[6] He also had a long collaboration with the engineer Peter Rice, with whom he shared a practice (L'Atelier Piano and Rice) between 1977 and 1981.

In 1981, Piano founded the Renzo Piano Building Workshop, which today employs 150 people and maintains offices in Paris, Genoa, and New York City.[7]

In 1994, Renzo Piano won the international competition for the new Auditorium in Rome. The Auditorium Parco della Musica, a large multi-functional public music complex situated in the north of city, was inaugurated in 2002. In only a few years, it became the most visited music facility in Europe.[8] In 2001, he designed the Maison Hermes store in Ginza, Tokyo in the design of a traditional Japanese magic lantern.[9]

Piano has become known for his museum commissions, including the Morgan Library in New York City and the NEMO science museum in Amsterdam. His recent expansion of the Art Institute of Chicago includes a 264,000-square-foot (24,500 m2) wing with 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2) of gallery space[10] called the Modern Wing, which opened on 16 May 2009.[11] It includes a "flying carpet", a sunscreen that hovers above the roof and a 620-foot (190 m) steel bridge connecting Millennium Park to a sculpture terrace that leads into a restaurant on the wing’s third floor. The New York Times stated that "the structure immediately brings to mind the work of Mies van der Rohe."[1]

Piano's design for the new building of the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco (completed in 2008) also received a significant amount of acclaim, including from the New York Times, which declared it a "comforting reminder of the civilizing function of great art in a barbaric age".[12]

Recently, a number of Piano's most notable projects have been completed. These include skyscrapers such as the The New York Times Building in Midtown, Manhattan and the The Shard in London, Europe's tallest skyscraper which was opened on July 6, 2012.

He has also received a number of major museum commissions recently including the Botín Center in Spain,[13][14] the forthcoming High Line-adjacent location of the Whitney Museum of American Art, a massive new building for the Harvard Art Museums, and The Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in Los Angeles, California, which will be adjacent to two buildings that he designed for LACMA. He has also created master plans for the expansion of LACMA as well as the Manhattanville campus of Columbia University.

Some of his designs have been controversial however, including the almost-completed Valletta City Gate in Malta which may result in the City's loss of its UNESCO title.[15]

Design[edit]

In 1999, Piano designed a watch entitled "Jelly Piano (GZ159)" for the Swatch Summer Collection. The watch design is clear and the exposed inner workings were influenced by his Centre Georges Pompidou design.[16]

Honors[edit]

In 1998, Piano won the Pritzker Prize, often considered the Nobel Prize of architecture.[17] The jury citation compared Piano to Michelangelo and da Vinci and credited him with "redefining modern and postmodern architecture."[18]

On 18 March 2008, he became an honorary citizen of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.[19]

On 30 August 2013 he was appointed senator for life because of his "outstanding cultural achievements" by the President of the Italian Republic.

Works[edit]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ouroussof, Nicolai (May 13, 2009). "Renzo Piano Embraces Chicago". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ "The 2006 Time 100". Time. 8 May 2006. 
  3. ^ "Il Presidente Napolitano nomina Abbado, Cattaneo, Piano e Rubbia senatori a vita". 2013-08-30. Retrieved 2013-08-30. 
  4. ^ Daniela Bosia (2013). L'opera di Giuseppe Ciribini. Milan: Franco Angeli. p. 15. Retrieved 2014-02-21. 
  5. ^ "Renzo Piano: Environmentally Progressive Concept Design for Athens' Modern Urban Icon, The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center (SNFCC)". 2009-01-27. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  6. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (2007-03-28). "British Architect Wins 2007 Pritzker Prize". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  7. ^ "Renzo Piano Building Workshop website". Rpbw.com. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  8. ^ Il Messaggero, May 24th, 2011
  9. ^ Chevalier, Michel (2012). Luxury Brand Management. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-118-17176-9. 
  10. ^ Smith, Roberta (May 13, 2009). "A Grand and Intimate Modern Art Trove". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  11. ^ Ouroussof, Nicolai (May 13, 2009). "Renzo Piano Embraces Chicago (slide show)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  12. ^ Ouroussof, Nicolai (September 23, 2008). "A Building That Blooms and Grows, Balancing Nature and Civilization". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-05-15. 
  13. ^ "Fundación Botín". Fundacionbotin.org. 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  14. ^ "Botín Center / Renzo Piano". ArchDaily. 12 Jun 2012. 
  15. ^ Unesco to probe City Gate project. timesofmalta.com (2013-07-22). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  16. ^ "Official Swatch Website - Swatch International". Swatch.com. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  17. ^ Goldberger, Paul (May 28, 1988). "Architecture View; What Pritzker Winners Tell Us About the Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  18. ^ 1998 Pritzker Prize jury citation for Renzo Piano
  19. ^ "Renzo Piano počasni građanin Sarajeva - Klix.ba". Sarajevo-x.com. 2008-03-18. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  20. ^ a b "Le onorificenze della Repubblica italiana". Quirinale.it. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 

External links[edit]