Reparations for slavery
Reparations for slavery is the idea that some form of compensatory payment should be made to the descendants of those who have been enslaved by the Atlantic Slave Trade.
Demands for reparations
In 1999, the African World Reparations and Repatriation Truth Commission called for "the West" to pay $777 trillion to Africa within five years. Note that the gross domestic product of all countries in the world was somewhat more than 70 Trillion in 2011, in other words these claims amount to the value of over 10 years production of goods and services of the entire planet.
In 2004, Lloyds of London was sued by the descendants of African slaves. The case was not successful. In Jamaica in 2004, a coalition of Rastafari movement groups argued that European countries formerly involved in the slave trade, especially Britain, should pay 72.5 billion pounds sterling to resettle 500,000 Jamaican Rastafarians in Africa. The claim was rejected by the British government, which said it could not be held accountable for wrongs in past centuries.
In 2011, Antigua & Barbuda called for reparations at the United Nations, saying "that segregation and violence against people of African descent had impaired their capacity for advancement as nations, communities and individuals".
Also in 2012, the Barbados government established a 12-member Reparations Task Force, to be responsible for sustaining the local, regional and international momentum for reparations. Barbados is reportedly "currently leading the way in calling for reparations from former colonial powers for the injustices suffered by slaves and their families."
In 2013, in the first of a series of lectures in Georgetown, Guyana, to commemorate the 250th anniversary of the 1763 Berbice Slave Revolt, Principal of the Cave Hill Campus of the University of the West Indies, Sir Hilary Beckles urged Caribbean Community (CARICOM) countries to emulate the position adopted by the Jews who were persecuted during the Second World War and have since organized a Jewish reparations fund.
- "Africa Trillions demanded in slavery reparations". BBC. August 20, 1999.
- Gavin Stamp, "Counting the cost of the slave trade", BBC News, 20 March 2007.
- "Jamaicans Form Commission to Investigate Slavery Reparations from Britain". Associated Press. 1 November 2012.
- "Guyana calls for reparations", BBC News, 27 March, 2007.
- "Reparations should be made for African slave trade, Antigua and Barbuda tells UN", UN News Center, 24 September 2011.
- "Barbados Takes Lead in Fight For Reparations for Slavery in the Caribbean", Atlanta Black Star, November 6, 2012.
- Patrick Hunter, "CARICOM and reparations for slavery", Share, 20 February 2013.
- Sanchez Manning, "Britain's colonial shame: Slave-owners given huge payouts after abolition", The Independent, 24 February 2013.
- [http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/latestnews/UWI-principal-wants-CARICOM-to-seek-reparation-for-slavery#ixzz2Mqi9W08m "UWI principal wants CARICOM to seek reparation for slavery", Jamaica Observer, 12 February 2013.
- Rony Best, "The Case for Reparations", The New York Carib News, 6 march 2013.
- Hilary Beckles, Britain's Black Debt: Reparations for Caribbean Slavery and Native Genocide, University of the West Indies Press, 2012.
- W. Burlette Carter, True Reparations, 2000, 68 George Washington Law Review 1021; http://scholarship.law.gwu.edu/faculty_publications/1030/
- Richard F. America, Racial Inequality, Economic Dysfunction, and Reparations, 1995, Challenge 38:6; http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/40721651?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21104198205707
- "The Case for Black Reparations". Richard F. America at the Transafrica Forum on C-SPAN
- "The legal basis of the claim for Reparations" by Lord Anthony Gifford, British Queens Counsel and Jamaican Attorney-at-Law. A paper Presented to the First Pan-African Congress on Reparations, Abuja, Federal Republic of Nigeria, 27-29 April 1993.]
- "Acknowledgement Of Past, Compensation Urged By Many Leaders In Continuing Debate At Racism Conference". World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, Durban, South Africa, 2 September 2001.
- "National Human Rights Bodies Address General Debate" - action against discriminatory practices urged at Racism Conference. World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, Durban, South Africa, 4 September 2001,