UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists

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Distribution by countries

The Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage are established by UNESCO aiming to ensure the better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and the awareness of their significance.[1] Through a compendium of the different oral and intangible treasures of humankind worldwide, the program aims to draw attention to the importance of safeguarding intangible heritage, which has been identified by UNESCO as an essential component and a repository of cultural diversity and creative expression.[2][3]

The programme currently compiles two lists. The longer Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity comprises cultural "practices and expressions [that] help demonstrate the diversity of this heritage and raise awareness about its importance." The shorter List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding is composed of those cultural elements that concerned communities and countries consider require urgent measures to keep them alive.[4][5]

In 2013, four elements were inscribed on the List Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding, which helps States Parties mobilize international cooperation and assistance to ensure the transmission of this heritage with the participation of the concerned communities. The Urgent Safeguarding List now numbers 35 elements. The Committee also inscribed 25 elements on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, which serves to raise awareness of intangible heritage and provide recognition to communities’ traditions and know-how that reflect their cultural diversity. The List does not attribute or recognize any standard of excellence or exclusivity. Four of the 158 States Parties to the convention—Ethiopia, the Republic of Macedonia, Niger and Ukraine — had their first inscriptions on that List, which now totals 281 elements.[4]

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity[edit]

Member state Element[A] Year Proclaimed[B] Year Inscribed[C] Region[D] Reference
 Albania Albanian Folk Iso-Polyphony 2005 2008 ENA [6]
 Algeria The Ahellil of Gourara 2005 2008 AST [7]
 Argentina The Tango 2009 2009 LAC [8]
 Armenia The Duduk and its Music 2005 2008 ENA [9]
Armenian cross-stones art. Symbolism and craftsmanship of Khachkars 2005 2010 ENA [10]
Performance of the Armenian epic of "Daredevils of Sassoun" or "David of Sassoun" 2012 2012 ENA [11]
 Austria Viennese Coffee House Culture 2011 2011 ENA [12]
 Azerbaijan The Azerbaijani Mugham 2003 2008 ENA [13]
The Azerbaijani Carpet and its weaving traditions 2010 2010 ENA [14]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz, Novruz in Azerbaijan 2009 2009 ENA [15]
The art of Azerbaijani Ashiq 2009 2009 ENA [16]
Craftsmanship and performance art of the Tar 2012 2012 ENA [17]
Chovqan, a traditional Karabakh horse-riding game 2013 2013 ENA [18]
 Bangladesh Baul Songs 2005 2008 APA [19]
The traditional art of Jamdani weaving 2013 2013 APA [20]
 Belarus Rite of the Kalyady Tsars (Christmas Tsars) 2009 2009 ENA [21]
Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Spain, Morocco, Mongolia, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Slovak Republic, Syrian Arab Republic, United Arab Emirates Falconry, a living human heritage 2010 2010 ENA, APA, AFR
 Belgium Shrimp fishing on horseback in Oostduinkerke 2013 2013 ENA [22]
Marches of Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse 2012 2012 ENA [23]
Leuven age set ritual repertoire 2011 2011 ENA [24]
Aalst carnival 2010 2010 ENA [25]
Houtem Jaarmarkt, annual winter fair and livestock market at Sint-Lievens-Houtem 2010 2010 ENA [26]
Krakelingen and Tonnekensbrand, end-of-winter bread and fire feast at Geraardsbergen 2010 2010 ENA [27]
Procession of the Holy Blood in Bruges 2009 2009 ENA [28]
Carnival of Binche 2003 2008 ENA [29]
 Belgium
 France
Processional giants and dragons in Belgium and France 2005 2008 ENA [30]
 Belize
 Guatemala
 Honduras
 Nicaragua
Language, Dance and Music of the Garifuna 2001 2008 LAC [31]
 Benin
 Nigeria
 Togo
The Oral Heritage of Gelede 2001 2008 AFR [32]
 Bhutan The Mask Dance of the Drums from Drametse 2005 2008 APA [33]
 Bolivia The Carnival of Oruro 2001 2008 LAC [34]
The Andean Cosmovision of the Kallawaya 2003 2008 LAC [35]
 Brazil Oral and Graphic Expressions of the Wajãpi 2003 2008 LAC [36]
The Samba de Roda of Recôncavo of Bahia 2005 2008 LAC [37]
Frevo, performing arts of the Carnival of Recife 2012 2012 LAC [38]
Yaokwa, the Enawene Nawe people's ritual for the maintenance of social and cosmic order 2012 2012 LAC [39]
Círio de Nazaré (The Taper of Our Lady of Nazareth) in the city of Belém, Pará 2013 2013 LAC [40]
 Bulgaria The Bistritsa Babi – Archaic Polyphony, Dances and Rituals from the Shoplouk Region 2005 2008 ENA [41]
The Nestinarstvo – a Panagyr ritual - fire-dancing rite, on the feast days of Saints Constantine and Helena 2009 2009 ENA
 Cambodia The Royal Ballet of Cambodia 2003 2008 APA [42]
Sbek Thom, Khmer Shadow Theatre 2005 2008 APA [43]
 Central African Republic The Polyphonic Singing of the Aka Pygmies of Central Africa 2003 2008 AFR [44]
 China Kunqu opera 2001 2008 APA [45]
The Guqin and its music 2003 2008 APA [46]
The Uyghur Muqam of Xinjiang 2005 2008 APA [47]
China engraved block printing technique 2009 2009 APA
Chinese calligraphy 2009 2009 APA
Chinese paper-cut 2009 2009 APA
Chinese traditional architectural craftsmanship for timber-framed structures 2009 2009 APA
Farmers' dance of China's Korean ethnic group 2009 2009 APA
Gesar epic tradition 2009 2009 APA
Grand song of the Dong ethnic group 2009 2009 APA
Hua'er 2009 2009 APA
Manas 2009 2009 APA
Mongolian art of singing: Khoomei 2009 2009 APA
Nanyin 2009 2009 APA
Regong arts 2009 2009 APA
Sericulture and silk craftsmanship of China 2009 2009 APA
The Dragon Boat Festival 2009 2009 APA
The Mazu belief and customs 2009 2009 APA
The art of Chinese seal engraving 2009 2009 APA
The craftsmanship of Nanjing Yunjin brocade 2009 2009 APA
The traditional firing technology of Longquan celadon 2009 2009 APA
The traditional handicrafts of making Xuan paper 2009 2009 APA
Tibetan opera 2009 2009 APA
Xi'an wind and percussion ensemble 2009 2009 APA
Yueju opera 2009 2009 APA
Peking opera 2010 2010 APA
Acupuncture and moxibustion of traditional Chinese medicine 2010 2010 APA
Meshrep 2010 2010 APA [48]
The technique of leak-proof partitions of Chinese junks 2010 2010 APA [48]
Chinese printing with wooden movable type 2010 2010 APA [48]
Chinese shadow puppetry 2011 2011 APA
Chinese Zhusuan, knowledge and practices of mathematical calculation through the abacus 2013 2013 APA [49]
 Colombia The Carnival of Barranquilla 2003 2008 LAC [50]
The Cultural Space of Palenque de San Basilio 2005 2008 LAC [51]
Carnaval de Negros y Blancos 2009 2009 LAC
Holy Week processions in Popayán 2009 2009 LAC
The Wayuu normative system, applied by the Pütchipü'üi 2010 2010 LAC
Marimba music and traditional chants from Colombia's South Pacific region 2010 2010 LAC
 Costa Rica Oxherding and Oxcart Traditions in Costa Rica 2005 2008 LAC [52]
 Côte d'Ivoire The Gbofe of Afounkaha - the Music of the Transverse Trumps of the Tagbana Community 2001 2008 AFR [53]
 Croatia Zvončari, annual carnival bell ringers' pageant from the Kastav area 2009 2009 ENA [54]
Gingerbread craft from northern Croatia (Licitar) 2010 2010 ENA [55]
Ojkanje singing 2010 2010 ENA [56]
Lacemaking in Croatia 2009 2009 ENA [57]
Procession Za Križen on the island of Hvar 2009 2009 ENA [58]
The Sinjska alka, a knights' tournament in Sinj 2010 2010 ENA [59]
Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice (queens) from Gorjani 2009 2009 ENA [60]
The festivity of Saint Blaise, the patron of Dubrovnik 2009 2009 ENA [61]
Traditional manufacturing of children's wooden toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje 2009 2009 ENA [62]
Two-part singing and playing in the Istrian scale 2009 2009 ENA [63]
Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern Croatia 2009 2011 ENA [64]
Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterland 2009 2011 ENA [65]
Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia, southern Croatia 2012 2012 ENA [66]
 Cuba La Tumba Francesa 2003 2008 LAC [67]
 Cyprus Lefkara laces or Lefkaritika 2009 2009 ENA
 Czech Republic Slovácko Verbuňk, Dance of Recruits 2005 2008 ENA [68]
 Dominican Republic The Cultural Space of the Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella 2001 2008 LAC [69]
The Cocolo Dance Drama Tradition 2005 2008 LAC [70]
 Ecuador The Panama Hat (toquilla straw hat) 2012 2012 LAC [71]
 Egypt The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic 2003 2008 AST [72]
 Estonia The Kihnu Cultural Space 2003 2008 ENA [73]
Seto Leelo, Seto polyphonic singing tradition 2009 2009 ENA [74]
 Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
The Baltic (Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian) Song and Dance Celebrations 2003 2008 ENA [75]
 France Aubusson tapestry 2009 2009 ENA
Maloya 2009 2009 ENA [76]
The scribing tradition in French timber framing 2009 2009 ENA
 Georgia Georgian Polyphonic Singing 2001 2008 ENA [77]
Georgian winemaking in Kvevri 2013 2013 ENA [78]
 Greece
 Italy
 Spain
 Morocco
 Portugal
 Croatia
 Cyprus
The Mediterranean diet

(In 2010, Italy, Spain, Greece and Morocco were the first to be recognised, but on December 4, 2013, Portugal, Cyprus and Croatia were also recognised by UNESCO.)

2010/2013 2010/2013 ENA, AFR [79]
 Guatemala The Rabinal Achí Dance Drama Tradition 2005 2008 LAC [80]
 Guinea The Cultural Space of Sosso-Bala 2001 2008 AFR [81]
 Hungary Busó festivities at Mohács: masked end-of-winter carnival custom 2009 2009 ENA
Táncház method: a model of teaching folk dance and music 2011 2011 ENA [82]
 India Kutiyattam, Sanskrit Theatre 2001 2008 APA [83]
The Tradition of Vedic Chanting 2003 2008 APA [84]
Ramlila - the Traditional Performance of the Ramayana 2005 2008 APA [85]
Ramman: religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas 2009 2009 APA [86]
Mudiyett: a ritual theatre of Kerala 2010 APA [87]
Kalbelia: folk songs and dances of Rajasthan 2010 APA [88]
Chhau dance: a tradition from eastern India 2010 APA
Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India 2012 APA [89]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 ENA
 Indonesia The Wayang Puppet Theatre 2003 2008 APA [90]
The Indonesian Kris 2005 2008 APA [91]
The Indonesian Batik 2009 2009 APA [92]
The Indonesian Angklung 2010 2010 APA [93]
Saman (Dance) 2011 APA [94]
Noken 2012 APA [95]
 Iran Radif of Iranian music 2009 2009 APA [96]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 2009 ENA [15]
Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Kashan 2010 2010 APA [97]
Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars 2010 2010 APA [98]
Ritual dramatic art of Ta‘zīye 2010 2010 APA [99]
Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei rituals 2010 2010 APA [100]
Music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan 2010 2010 APA [101]
Naqqāli, Iranian dramatic story-telling 2011 2011 APA [102]
Traditional skills of building and sailing Iranian Lenj boats in the Persian Gulf 2011 2011 APA [103]
Qālišuyān rituals of Mašhad-e Ardehāl in Kāšān 2012 2012 APA [104]
 Iraq The Iraqi Maqam 2003 2008 AST [105]
 Italy Opera dei Pupi, Sicilian Puppet Theatre 2001 2008 ENA [106]
Canto a tenore, Sardinian Pastoral Songs 2005 2008 ENA [107]
Traditional violin craftsmanship in Cremona 2011 2012 ENA [108]
Celebrations of big shoulder-borne processional structures 2013 2013 ENA [109]
 Jamaica The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town 2003 2008 LAC [110]
 Japan Nôgaku Theatre 2001 2008 APA [111]
Ningyo Johruri Bunraku Puppet Theatre 2003 2008 APA [112]
Kabuki Theatre 2005 2008 APA [113]
Akiu no Taue Odori 2009 2009 APA [114]
Chakkirako 2009 2009 APA [115]
Daimokutate 2009 2009 APA [116]
Dainichido Bugaku 2009 2009 APA [117]
Gagaku 2009 2009 APA [118]
Hayachine Kagura 2009 2009 APA [119]
Hitachi Furyumono 2009 2009 APA [120]
Koshikijima no Toshidon 2009 2009 APA [121]
Ojiya-chijimi, Echigo jofu: techniques of making ramie fabric in Uonuma region, Niigata Prefecture 2009 2009 APA [122]
Oku-noto no Aenokoto 2009 2009 APA [123]
Sekishu-Banshi: papermaking in the Iwami region of Shimane Prefecture 2009 2009 APA [124]
Traditional Ainu dance 2009 2009 APA [125]
Yamahoko, the float ceremony of the Kyoto Gion festival 2009 2009 APA [126]
Kumiodori, traditional Okinawan musical theatre 2010 2010 APA [127]
Yuki tsumugi, silk fabric production technique 2010 2010 APA [128]
Mibu no Hana Taue, ritual of transplanting rice in Mibu, Hiroshima 2011 2011 APA [129]
Sada Shin Noh, sacred dancing at Sada shrine, Shimane 2011 2011 APA [130]
Nachi no Dengaku, a religious performing art held at the Nachi fire festival 2012 2012 APA [131]
Washoku, traditional dietary cultures of the Japanese, notably for the celebration of New Year 2013 2013 APA [132]
 Jordan The Cultural Space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum 2005 2008 AST [133]
 Kyrgyzstan The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers 2003 2008 APA [134]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 2009 ENA [15]
 Latvia Suiti cultural space in Alsunga 2009 2009 ENA [135]
 Lithuania Cross-crafting and its Symbolism 2001 2008 ENA [136]
Sutartinės, Lithuanian multipart songs 2008 2010 ENA [137]
 Luxembourg Dancing procession of Echternach 2008 2010 ENA [138]
 Macedonia Feast of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Štip 2013 2013 ENA [139]
 Madagascar The Woodcrafting Knowledge of the Zafimaniry 2003 2008 AFR [140]
 Malawi The Vimbuza Healing Dance 2005 2008 AFR [141]
 Malawi
 Mozambique
 Zambia
The Gule Wamkulu 2005 2008 AFR [142]
 Malaysia Mak Yong Theatre 2005 2008 APA [143]
 Mali The Cultural Space of the Yaaral and Degal 2003 2008 AFR [144]
The Manden Charter, proclaimed in Kurukan Fuga 2009 2009 AFR
The septennial re-roofing ceremony of the Kamablon, sacred house of Kangaba 2009 2009 AFR
 Mexico The Indigenous Festivity dedicated to the Dead 2003 2008 LAC [145]
Places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimecas people of Tolimán: the Peña de Bernal, guardian of a sacred territory 2009 2009 LAC [146]
Ritual ceremony of the Voladores: Papantla, El Tajín 2009 2009 LAC [147]
Traditional Mexican cuisine - ancestral, ongoing community culture, the Michoacán paradigm 2010 2010 LAC [148]

[149]

Parachicos in the traditional January feast of Chiapa de Corzo 2010 2010 LAC [150]
Pirekua, traditional song of the P'urhépecha 2010 2010 LAC [151]
Mariachi, string music, song and trumpet 2011 2011 LAC [152]
 Moldova The Christmas Carols in masculine horde (shared with Romania) 2013 2013 ENA
 Mongolia The Traditional Music of the Morin Khuur 2003 2008 APA [153]
The Traditional Naadam festival 2010 2010 APA [154]
 Mongolia
 China
Urtiin Duu - Traditional Folk Long Song 2005 2008 APA [155]
 Morocco The Cultural Space of Jemaa el-Fna Square 2001 2008 AST [156]
The Moussem of Tan-Tan 2005 2008 AST [157]
 Mozambique The Chopi Timbila 2005 2008 AFR [158]
 Nicaragua El Güegüense 2005 2008 LAC [159]
 Nigeria The Ifá Divination System 2005 2008 AFR [160]
Ijele masquerade 2009 2009 AFR
 Palestine The Palestinian Hikaye 2005 2008 AST [161]
 Peru
 Ecuador
The Oral Heritage and Cultural Manifestations of the Záparo People 2001 2008 LAC [162]
 Peru Taquile and its Textile Art 2005 2008 LAC [163]
Huaconada, ritual dance of Mito 2010 2010 LAC [164]
The scissors dance 2010 2010 LAC [165]
Eshuva, Harákmbut sung prayers of Peru's Huachipaire people 2011 2011 LAC [166]
Pilgrimage to the sanctuary of the Lord of Qoyllurit'i 2011 2011 LAC [167]
 Philippines The Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao 2001 2008 APA [168]
The Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao 2005 2008 APA [169]
 Portugal The Fado, urban popular song of Portugal, performance genre incorporating music and poetry widely practised in the country and among emigrant communities 2011 2011 ENA [170]
 Republic of Korea The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and its Music 2001 2008 APA [171]
The Pansori Epic Chant 2003 2008 APA [172]
The Gangneung Danoje Festival 2005 2008 APA [173]
Cheoyongmu 2009 2009 APA [174]
Ganggangsullae 2009 2009 APA [175]
Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut 2009 2009 APA [176]
Namsadang Nori 2009 2009 APA [177]
Yeongsanjae 2009 2009 APA [178]
Daemokjang, traditional wooden architecture 2010 2010 APA [179]
Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestra 2010 2010 APA [180]
Jultagi, tightrope walking 2011 2011 APA [181]
Taekkyeon, a traditional Korean martial art 2011 2011 APA [182]
Weaving of Mosi (fine ramie) in the Hansan region 2011 2011 APA [183]
Korean folk song Arirang 2012 2012 APA [184]
Gimjang, kimchi making season 2013 2013 APA [185]
 Romania The Căluș tradition 2005 2008 ENA [186]
Doina 2009 2009 ENA
The Horezu ceramics 2012 2012 ENA
The Christmas carols in masculine horde (shared with Moldova) 2013 2013 ENA
 Russia The Cultural Space and Oral Culture of the Semeiskie 2001 2008 ENA [187]
The Olonkho, Yakut Heroic Epos 2005 2008 ENA [188]
 Senegal
 Gambia
The Kankurang, Manding Initiatory Rite 2005 2008 AFR [189]
 Slovakia The Fujara and its Music 2005 2008 ENA [190]
 Spain The Mystery Play of Elche 2001 2008 ENA [191]
The Patum of Berga 2005 2008 ENA [192]
Irrigators' tribunals of the Spanish Mediterranean coast: the Council of Wise Men of the plain of Murcia and the Water Tribunal of the plain of Valencia 2009 2009 ENA
Whistled language of the island of La Gomera 2009 2009 ENA
Human towers 2010 2010 ENA
Flamenco 2010 2010 ENA
The chant of the Sybil on Majorca 2010 2010 ENA
Festivity of 'la Mare de Déu de la Salut' of Algemesí 2011 2011 ENA [193]
 Tonga The Lakalaka, Dances and Sung Speeches of Tonga 2003 2008 APA [194]
 Turkey The Arts of the Meddah, Public Storytellers 2003 2008 ENA [195]
The Mevlevi Sema Ceremony 2005 2008 ENA [196]
Karagöz and Hacivat 2009 2009 ENA [197]
Âşıklık tradition 2009 2009 ENA [198]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 2009 ENA [199]
Traditional Sohbet meetings 2010 2010 ENA [200]
Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival 2010 2010 ENA [201]
Semah, Alevi-Bektaşi ritual 2010 2010 ENA [202]
Ceremonial Keşkek tradition 2011 2011 ENA [203]
Mesir Macunu festival 2012 2012 ENA [204]
Turkish coffee culture and tradition 2013 2013 ENA [205]
 Uganda Barkcloth Making in Uganda 2005 2008 AFR [206]
 Uruguay The Candombe and its socio-cultural space: a community practice 2009 2009 LAC
The Tango 2009 2009 LAC
 Uzbekistan The Cultural Space of the Boysun District 2001 2008 APA [207]
Shashmaqom Music 2003 2008 APA [208]
Katta Ashula 2009 2009 APA
 Vanuatu Vanuatu Sand Drawings 2003 2008 APA [209]
 Venezuela Dancing Devils of Corpus Christi 2012 2012 LAC [210]
 Vietnam Nha Nhac, Vietnamese Court Music 2003 2008 APA [211]
The Space of Gong Culture 2005 2008 APA [212]
The Quan họ folk songs 2009 2009 APA [213]
The Ca tru singing 2009 2009 APA [214]
The Giong Festival at Phu Dong and Soc temples, Hanoi 2010 2010 APA [215]
The Xoan singing of Phu Tho province, Vietnam 2011 2011 APA
 Yemen The Song of Sana'a 2003 2008 AST [216]
 Zambia The Makishi Masquerade 2005 2008 AFR [217]
 Zimbabwe The Mbende Jerusarema Dance 2005 2008 AFR [218]

Gallery[edit]

The Diablada, dance primeval, typical and main of Carnival of Oruro, Bolivia
With roots dating back to the Middle Ages, the famed Carnival of Binche in Belgium ranks as one of Europe's oldest surviving street carnivals.[219] 
Renowned for the virtuosity of its rhythmic patterns, Kunqu opera, has had a considerable influence on more recent forms of Chinese opera.[45] 
Founded by escaped slaves in the 17th century, the cultural space of the Colombian village of Palenque de San Basilio encompasses social, medical and religious practices as well as musical and oral traditions of African origin.[51] 
The Estonian Song Festival takes place every five years. The festival has grown a lot since the first one in 1869, today forming one of the biggest choirs in the world. 
The balafon, a wooden keyed percussion instrument from West Africa, reputedly traces its origin to the 800-year-old Sosso Bala sacred instrument in Niagassola, Guinea. 
Ramlila is a performance of the Ramayana epic in a series of scenes that include song, narration, recital and dialogue. It is performed across northern India during the festival of Dussehra.[85] 
The Wayang Puppet Theatre, renowned for its elaborate puppets and complex musical styles, still enjoys great popularity in Indonesia.[90] 
Tray and palm nuts are some of the instruments used for the Ifá, a system of divination in the Yoruba culture of Nigeria. 
The weaving tradition on the Peruvian island of Taquile, located in Lake Titicaca, goes back to the ancient Inca, Pukara and Colla civilizations.[163] 
The performance of the Pansori, a genre of Korean traditional music, can last up to eight hours, as accompanied by a single barrel drum and improvising on texts that combine rural and erudite literary expressions.[172] 
The Mystery Play of Elx is a liturgical drama dating from the Middle Ages, which is enacted and celebrated in the Basilica de Santa María in the city of Elche (Spain) on the 14 and 15th of August of each year. 
Turkey's Mevleviyye are renowned for their whirling dances. The body of the whirler is meant to be supple, with eyes open but unfocused so that images become blurred and flowing.[196] 
Often considered Tonga's national dance, Lakalaka is a blend of choreography, oratory, and vocal and instrumental polyphony.[194] In 2003, it was proclaimed as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. 
Albanian polyphonic folk group wearing qeleshe and fustanella in Skrapar
2006 Naadam ceremony in Ulaanbaatar 
The carol singing occupies an important place in the Romanian Christmas traditions. 
Turkish Coffee has a unique identity and tradition with a special flavor, foam, smell, cooked and served. 

Statistics[edit]

Ratification[edit]

States that ratified the Convention, by region:

Proclamation UNESCO Member States States Parties to the Convention  % States Parties - UNESCO Member States by region
Western Europe and North America 27 19 70%
Eastern Europe 25 24 96%
Latin America and Caribbean 33 29 88%
Asia and Pacific 44 31 75%
Africa 47 39 79%
Arab States 19 16 84%
TOTAL 195 158 80%

Elements inscribed in 2008-2013[edit]

Total of inscriptions to date: 327, of which 18 are multinational

Region Elements / programmes Submitting States
Africa 27 20
Arab States 19 13
Asia and the Pacific 132 17
Europe and North America 19 17[F]
Latin America and the Caribbean 48 18
Eastern Europe 55 20
Total 337 98

Proclaimed masterpieces[edit]

The Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage were established in 2008, when the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage took effect.[220] Prior to this, a project known as the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity has already been active in recognizing the value of intangibles such as tradition, custom and cultural spaces and the local actors who sustain these forms of cultural expressions through a Proclamation.[2] Identification of the Masterpieces also entails the commitment of states to promote and safeguard these treasures, while UNESCO finances plans for their conservation.[2] Started in 2001 and held biennially until 2005, a total of three Proclamations occurred, encompassing 90 forms of intangible heritage around the world.[3]

The 90 previously proclaimed Masterpieces have been incorporated into the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity as its first entries, to be known as elements.[1][221] Subsequent elements will be added following the assessment of nominations submitted by national governments acceding to the UNESCO Convention, termed as member states, who are each allowed to submit a single candidature file, in addition to multi-national candidatures. A panel of experts in intangible heritage and an appointed body, known as the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, then examine each of the nominations before officially inscribing the candidates as elements on the List.[222]

Notes[edit]

^ A. Names and spellings used for the elements were based on the official List as published.
^ B. A total of three Proclamations of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity were made in 2001, 2003 and 2005. The proclamation was superseded in 2008 when the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity was established.
^ C. The 90 elements that were previously proclaimed as Masterpieces have been inscribed onto the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity as per the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage.
^ D. Grouping of member states by region is based on the official List as published. Abbreviations were used for convenience:

  • AFR: Africa
  • AST: Arab States
  • APA: Asia and the Pacific
  • ENA: Europe and North America
  • LAC: Latin America and the Caribbean

^ E. Turkey is included in the Asia and the Pacific Region.
^ F. The Transcaucasian States of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, and Russian Federation are included in the Europe and North America Region.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage 2003". UNESCO. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  2. ^ a b c "UNESCO ISSUES FIRST EVER PROCLAMATION OF MASTERPIECES OF THE ORAL AND INTANGIBLE HERITAGE". UNESCO Press. 2001-05-18. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  3. ^ a b "The Samba of Roda and the Ramlila proclaimed Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity". UNESCO Press. 2005-11-25. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  4. ^ a b "Intangible Heritage Lists". UNESCO Press. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  5. ^ "Criteria and timetable of inscription on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding". UNESCO Press. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  6. ^ "Albanian Folk Iso-Polyphony". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  7. ^ "The Ahellil of Gourara". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Tango", UNESCO.org.
  9. ^ "The Duduk and its Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Armenian cross-stones art. Symbolism and craftsmanship of Khachkars". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  11. ^ "Performance of the Armenian epic of "Daredevils of Sassoun" or "David of Sassoun"". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  12. ^ "Österreichische UNESCO-Kommission - Nationalagentur für das Immaterielle Kulturerbe - Austrian Inventory". Nationalagentur.unesco.at. Retrieved 2011-12-06. 
  13. ^ "The Azerbaijani Mugham". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  14. ^ "The traditional art of Azerbaijani carpet weaving in the Republic of Azerbaijan". Unesco.org. Retrieved 2011-12-06. 
  15. ^ a b c "Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  16. ^ Art of Azerbaijani Ashiq
  17. ^ Craftsmanship and performance art of the Tar, a long-necked string musical instrument
  18. ^ [1][bare URL]
  19. ^ "Baul Songs". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  20. ^ "Traditional art of Jamdani weaving". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  21. ^ "Rite of the Kalyady Tsars (Christmas Tsars)". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  22. ^ "Shrimp fishing on horseback in Oostduinkerke". Unesco.org. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  23. ^ "Marches of Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse". Unesco.org. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  24. ^ "Leuven age set ritual repertoire". Unesco.org. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  25. ^ "Aalst carnival". Unesco.org. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  26. ^ "Houtem Jaarmarkt, annual winter fair and livestock market at Sint-Lievens-Houtem". Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  27. ^ "Krakelingen and Tonnekensbrand". Unesco.org. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  28. ^ "Procession of the Holy Blood in Bruges". Unesco.org. Retrieved 2012-12-01. 
  29. ^ "Carnival of Binche". Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  30. ^ "Processional Giants and Dragons in Belgium and France". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  31. ^ "Language, Dance and Music of the Garifuna". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  32. ^ "The Oral Heritage of Gelede". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  33. ^ "The Mask Dance of the Drums from Drametse". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  34. ^ "The Carnival of Oruro". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  35. ^ "The Andean Cosmovision of the Kallawaya". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  36. ^ "Oral and Graphic Expressions of the Wajapi". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  37. ^ "The Samba de Roda of Recôncavo of Bahia". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  38. ^ "Frevo, performing arts of the Carnival of Recife". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  39. ^ "Yaokwa, the Enawene Nawe people's ritual for the maintenance of social and cosmic order". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  40. ^ "Círio de Nazaré (The Taper of Our Lady of Nazareth) in the city of Belém, Pará". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  41. ^ "The Bistritsa Babi – Archaic Polyphony, Dances and Rituals from the Shoplouk Region". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  42. ^ "The Royal Ballet of Cambodia". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  43. ^ "Sbek Thom, Khmer Shadow Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  44. ^ "The Polyphonic Singing of the Aka Pygmies of Central Africa". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  45. ^ a b "Kun Qu Opera". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  46. ^ "The Guqin and its Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  47. ^ "The Uyghur Muqam of Xinjiang". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  48. ^ a b c "China's three nominations inscribed on List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding". Xinhua. 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  49. ^ "Chinese Zhusuan, knowledge and practices of mathematical calculation through the abacus". UNESCO. 
  50. ^ "The Carnival of Barranquilla". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  51. ^ a b "The Cultural Space of Palenque de San Basilio". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  52. ^ "Oxherding and Oxcart Traditions in Costa Rica". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  53. ^ "The Gbofe of Afounkaha - the Music of the Transverse Trumps of the Tagbana Community". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  54. ^ "Annual carnival bell ringers' pageant from the Kastav area". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  55. ^ "Gingerbread craft from Northern Croatia". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  56. ^ "Ojkanje singing". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  57. ^ "Lacemaking in Croatia". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  58. ^ "Procession Za Križen". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  59. ^ "The Sinjska Alka, a knights' tournament in Sinj". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  60. ^ "Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  61. ^ "The festivity of Saint Blaise". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  62. ^ "Traditional manufacturing of children's wooden toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  63. ^ "Two-part singing and playing in the Istrian scale". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  64. ^ "Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern Croatia". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  65. ^ "Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterland". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  66. ^ "Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia, southern Croatia". UNESCO Culture Sector. 
  67. ^ "La Tumba Francesa". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  68. ^ "Slovácko Verbuňk, Dance of Recruits". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  69. ^ "The Cultural Space of the Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  70. ^ "The Cocolo Dance Drama Tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  71. ^ "Traditional weaving of the Ecuadorian toquilla straw hat". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  72. ^ "The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  73. ^ "The Kihnu Cultural Space". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  74. ^ "The Kihnu Cultural Space". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  75. ^ "The Baltic Song and Dance Celebrations". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  76. ^ "unesco.org". unesco.org. Retrieved 2011-12-06. 
  77. ^ "Georgian Polyphonic Singing". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  78. ^ "Ancient Georgian traditional Qvevri wine-making method". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-11-05. 
  79. ^ "The Mediterranean Diet". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2010-11-17. [dead link]
  80. ^ "The Rabinal Achí Dance Drama Tradition http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?RL=34". UNESCO Culture Sector.  [dead link]
  81. ^ "The Cultural Space of Sosso-Bala". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  82. ^ "Táncház method: a Hungarian model for the transmission of intangible cultural heritage". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  83. ^ "Kutiyattam, Sanskrit Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  84. ^ "The Tradition of Vedic Chanting". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  85. ^ a b "Ramlila - the Traditional Performance of the Ramayana". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  86. ^ "Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas, India". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  87. ^ "Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  88. ^ "Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  89. ^ "Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  90. ^ a b "The Wayang Puppet Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  91. ^ "The Indonesian Kris". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  92. ^ "The Indonesian Batik". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  93. ^ "The Indonesian Angklung". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  94. ^ "The Saman dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  95. ^ "Noken multifunctional knotted or woven bag, handcraft of the people of Papua". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  96. ^ "The Radif of Iranian music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  97. ^ "Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Kashan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  98. ^ "Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  99. ^ "Ritual dramatic art of Ta‘zīye". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  100. ^ "Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei rituals". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  101. ^ "Music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  102. ^ "Naqqāli, Iranian dramatic story-telling". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-09-01. 
  103. ^ "Traditional skills of building and sailing Iranian Lenj boats in the Persian Gulf". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-09-01. 
  104. ^ "Qālišuyān rituals of Mašhad-e Ardehāl in Kāšān". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  105. ^ "The Iraqi Maqam". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  106. ^ "Opera dei Pupi, Sicilian Puppet Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  107. ^ "Canto a tenore, Sardinian Pastoral Songs". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  108. ^ "Traditional violin craftsmanship in Cremona". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  109. ^ "Celebrations of big shoulder-borne processional structures". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-09-27. 
  110. ^ "The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  111. ^ "Nôgaku Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  112. ^ "Ningyo Johruri Bunraku Puppet Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  113. ^ "Kabuki Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  114. ^ "Akiu no Taue Odori". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  115. ^ "Chakkirako". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  116. ^ "Daimokutate". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  117. ^ "Dainichido Bugaku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  118. ^ "Gagaku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  119. ^ "Hayachine Kagura". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  120. ^ "Hitachi Furyumono". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  121. ^ "Koshikijima no Toshidon". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  122. ^ "Ojiya-chijimi, Echigo-jofu". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  123. ^ "Oku-noto no Aenokoto". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  124. ^ "Sekishu-Banshi". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  125. ^ "Traditional Ainu dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  126. ^ "Yamahoko, the float ceremony of the Kyoto Gion festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  127. ^ "Kumiodori". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  128. ^ "Yuki-tsumugi". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  129. ^ "Mibu no Hana Taue". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  130. ^ "Sada Shin Noh". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  131. ^ "Nachi no Dengaku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-04-24. 
  132. ^ "Washoku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-08. 
  133. ^ "The Cultural Space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  134. ^ "The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  135. ^ "Suiti cultural space". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  136. ^ "Cross-crafting and its Symbolism". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  137. ^ "Sutartinės, Lithuanian multipart songs". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-18. 
  138. ^ "Hopping procession of Echternach". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  139. ^ "Feast of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Štip". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  140. ^ "The Woodcrafting Knowledge of the Zafimaniry". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  141. ^ "The Vimbuza Healing Dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved March 2014. 
  142. ^ "The Gule Wamkulu". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  143. ^ "Mak Yong Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  144. ^ "The Cultural Space of the Yaaral and Degal". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  145. ^ "The Indigenous Festivity dedicated to the Dead". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  146. ^ "Places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimecas people of Tolimán: the Peña de Bernal, guardian of a sacred territory". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  147. ^ "Ritual ceremony of the Voladores: Papantla, El Tajín". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  148. ^ "UNESCO declares Mexican Cuisine Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity". 
  149. ^ "Traditional Mexican cuisine - ancestral, ongoing community culture, the Michoacán paradigm". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  150. ^ "Parachicos in the traditional January feast of Chiapa de Corzo". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  151. ^ "Pirekua, traditional song of the P'urhépecha". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  152. ^ "Mariachi, string music, song and trumpet". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
  153. ^ "The Traditional Music of the Morin Khuur". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  154. ^ "Naadam, Mongolian traditional festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  155. ^ "Urtiin Duu - Traditional Folk Long Song". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  156. ^ "The Cultural Space of Jemaa el-Fna Square". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  157. ^ "The Moussem of Tan-Tan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  158. ^ "The Chopi Timbila". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  159. ^ "El Güegüense". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  160. ^ "The Ifa Divination System". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  161. ^ "The Palestinian Hikaye". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  162. ^ "The Oral Heritage and Cultural Manifestations of the Zápara People". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  163. ^ a b "Taquile and its Textile Art". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  164. ^ "Huaconada, ritual dance of Mito". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  165. ^ "The scissors dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  166. ^ "Eshuva". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  167. ^ "Pilgrimage to the sanctuary of the Lord of Qoyllurit'i". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-07-05. 
  168. ^ "The Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  169. ^ "The Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  170. ^ "Fado, urban popular song of Portugal". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  171. ^ "The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and its Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  172. ^ a b "The Pansori Epic Chant". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  173. ^ "The Gangneung Danoje Festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  174. ^ "Cheoyongmu". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  175. ^ "Ganggangsullae". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  176. ^ "Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  177. ^ "Namsadang Nori". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  178. ^ "Yeongsanjae". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  179. ^ "Daemokjang, traditional wooden architecture". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  180. ^ "Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestra". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  181. ^ "Jultagi, tightrope walking". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  182. ^ "Taekkyeon, a traditional Korean martial art". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  183. ^ "Weaving of Mosi (fine ramie) in the Hansan region". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  184. ^ "UNESCO Puts 'Arirang' on Intangible Heritage List". Chosun Ilbo. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  185. ^ "Kimchi-Making Culture Joins UNESCO Intangible Heritage List". Chosun Ilbo. 2013-12-06. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  186. ^ "The Căluş tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  187. ^ "The Cultural Space and Oral Culture of the Semeiskie". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  188. ^ "The Olonkho, Yakut Heroic Epos". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  189. ^ "The Kankurang, Manding Initiatory Rite". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  190. ^ "The Fujara and its Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  191. ^ "The Mystery Play of Elche". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  192. ^ "The Patum of Berga". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  193. ^ "Festivity of 'la Mare de Déu de la Salut' of Algemesí". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  194. ^ a b "The Lakalaka, Dances and Sung Speeches of Tonga". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  195. ^ "The Arts of the Meddah, Public Storytellers". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  196. ^ a b "Mevlevi Sema Ceremony". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  197. ^ "Karagöz and Hacivat". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  198. ^ "Âşıklık (minstrelsy) tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  199. ^ "Nowruz, Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  200. ^ "Traditional Sohbet meetings". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  201. ^ "Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  202. ^ "Semah, Alevi-Bektaşi ritual". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  203. ^ "Ceremonial Keşkek tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  204. ^ "Mesir Macunu festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  205. ^ "Turkish coffee culture and tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  206. ^ "Barkcloth Making in Uganda". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  207. ^ "The Cultural Space of the Boysun District". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  208. ^ "Shashmaqom Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  209. ^ "Vanuatu Sand Drawings". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  210. ^ "Venezuela's Dancing Devils of Corpus Christi". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  211. ^ "Nha Nhac, Vietnamese Court Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  212. ^ "The Space of Gong Culture". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  213. ^ "Quan Họ", UNESCO.org.
  214. ^ "Ca tru singing". Retrieved 2012-04-05. 
  215. ^ "Giong Festival". [dead link]
  216. ^ "The Song of Sana'a". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  217. ^ "The Makishi Masquerade". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  218. ^ "The Mbende Jerusarema Dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  219. ^ "The Carnival of Binche". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. [dead link]
  220. ^ "Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage". Retrieved 2009-09-05. [dead link]
  221. ^ "Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity". Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  222. ^ "Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage". Retrieved 2009-09-05. 

External links[edit]