Location of Republic, Missouri
|• Total||13.31 sq mi (34.47 km2)|
|• Land||13.30 sq mi (34.45 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||1,309 ft (399 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||15,590|
|• Density||1,109.1/sq mi (428.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0725224|
Republic is a city in Christian and Greene counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 14,751. It is part of the Springfield, Missouri, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Early settlement in southwest Greene County centered on the community of Little York. When the Frisco Railroad built a line in the area in 1872, Little York was not on the route. Settlement moved two miles away to Brookline which was on the rail line's route. The first plat for what is now Republic was filed 8 January 1879. While the railroad did go through Republic, there initially was no switch or depot located in the city. A public subscription of $1000 raised the funds to build a depot in the city. Subsequent growth is attributed to the depot's completion.
In 2005, the cities of Republic and Brookline consolidated as Missouri State laws allow after a vote of the residents of both communities approved the consolidation with Republic taking over all aspects of city government. Originally, Brookline was to retain its own identity, but the city limit signs have since been changed to Republic's. However, according to Section I (b) of the Intergovernmental Agreement:
"Name of Consolidated Municipality - The name of the consolidated municipality shall be "City of Republic." To help preserve the identity of the Village, the City will place signs with text “Village of Brookline” at the current corporate limits of the Village. Placement of signage is subject to State sign regulations when placed in State right-of-way. The City of Republic will work with the United States Postal Service to help preserve the history and operation of the Brookline Station Post Office."
Therefore, Brookline has retained its identity per intergovernmental agreement although city limit signs have been placed at the old borders of the village. The Brookline signs are still located to identify the original village area near the post office.
Republic is located at . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.31 square miles (34.47 km2), of which, 13.30 square miles (34.45 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. Most of the city lies in Greene County.(37.121652, -93.471440)
As of the census of 2010, there were 14,751 people, 5,516 households, and 3,999 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,109.1 inhabitants per square mile (428.2 /km2). There were 6,139 housing units at an average density of 461.6 per square mile (178.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.6% White, 0.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.
There were 5,516 households of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.5% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.09.
The median age in the city was 32.2 years. 29.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.9% were from 25 to 44; 20.5% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,438 people, 3,148 households, and 2,379 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,508.1 people per square mile (581.8/km²). There were 3,298 housing units at an average density of 589.4 per square mile (227.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.43% White, 0.24% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.
There were 3,148 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,611, and the median income for a family was $37,622. Males had a median income of $30,849 versus $21,725 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,212. About 5.8% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.
Primary and secondary education
Republic is part of Republic School District. The district has the following schools:
- Republic High School
- Republic Middle School
- Lyon Elementary
- McCulloch Elementary
- Price Elementary
- Scholfield Elementary
- Sweeney Elementary
- Republic Early Childhood Center
On July 25, 2011, the school board elected to ban two books from the school library. Twenty Boy Summer by Sarah Ockler and Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut were slated for removal in deference to a complaint by a local resident, a professor at Missouri State University whose own children are homeschooled. The resident claimed the contents of the book are profane and violate the teachings of the Bible. The books were removed on grounds of violating the board's guidelines on book content.
- Charles Harrison Brown, two-term U.S. representative from Missouri's 7th congressional district from 1957–1961.
- Ross Carter, American football player.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Greene County, Missouri
- Wilson's Creek National Battlefield
- Young Brothers Massacre
- Brookline, Missouri
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Moser, Arthur Paul. "A Directory of Towns, Villages, and Hamlets Past and Present of Greene County, Missouri". tehlibrary.org. Springfield-Greene County Library. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "History of Republic". www.republicmo.com. City of Republic Missouri. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Republic School District
- Flood, Alison (July 29, 2011). "Slaughterhouse-Five banned by US school". The Guardian. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- Squib, Ryan (July 26, 2011). "Republic School Board votes to remove books". The Republic Monitor. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- LoBianco, Tom (August 6, 2011). "Vonnegut library to give away ‘Slaughterhouse-Five’ in Missouri town where it’s banned". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- City of Republic
- Republic Mo News, local newspaper
- Republic School District
- Historic maps of Republic in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri