Republic of Benin (1967)
|Republic of Benin|
|Puppet state of Biafra|
"Unity and Strength"
Edo · Igbo · Ijaw · Urhobo
|Governor||Albert Nwazu Okonkwo|
|Historical era||Nigerian Civil War|
|-||Established||September 19, 1967|
|-||Disestablished||September 20, 1967|
The short-lived Republic of Benin, in Nigeria's coastal Bight of Benin, was named after its capital Benin City. It was known as Mid-Western state in Nigeria until August 1967 when it was occupied by Biafra as its forces advanced towards Lagos. Albert Nwazu Okonkwo, a Mid-Western Igbo medical officer, was installed by Emeka Odumegwu Ojukwu as Biafran Military Administrator of the territory (17 August 1967 - 19 September 1967). As Nigerian forces were to retake the Mid-West, the Republic of Benin was unilaterally declared at 07:00 on 19 September 1967. Okonkwo also ruled it as "Governor".
The republic lasted a little more than a day. On 20 September 1967, it was terminated as Nigerian forces recaptured the province. It was not recognised, not even by its "parent" country, Biafra, mainly because of the brevity of its existence. Most of the government officials, as well some Igbo civilians, followed Biafran troops across the Niger River.