Republic of China Army rank insignia

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Rank Structure[edit]

The rank system of the Republic of China Army (中華民國陸軍 - Zhōnghuá Mínguó Lùjūn[1]) was originally based on that of the Wehrmacht during the era of Sino-German cooperation in the 1930s. Since the 1950s, the rank structure is getting closer to the one used by the United States Army. The Republic of China Army rank of one-star general does not use the French-style title of Brigadier General, but the German-style title of Major General.

Chinese Pinyin Literal translation English translation Insignia
Generals 特級上將 Tèjíjiàng Generalissmo[2] Generalissimo General Special Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg
一級上將 Yījíjiàng Captain General[3] General of the Army General First Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg
二級上將 Èrjíjiàng Superior General General General Second Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg
中將 Zhōngjiàng Middle General Lieutenant General Major General rank insignia (ROC).jpg
少將 Shàojiàng Junior General Major General Brigadier General rank insignia (ROC).jpg
Senior officers 上校 Shàngxiào Superior Field Officer Colonel Colonel rank insignia (ROC).jpg
中校 Zhōngxiào Middle Field Officer Lieutenant Colonel Lieutenant Colonel rank insignia (ROC).jpg
少校 Shàoxiào Junior Field Officer Major Major rank insignia (ROC).jpg
Junior officers 上尉 Shàngwèi Superior Subaltern Captain Captain rank insignia (ROC).jpg
中尉 Zhōngwèi Middle Subaltern First Lieutenant First Lieutenant rank insignia (ROC).jpg
少尉 Shàowèi Junior Subaltern Second Lieutenant Second Lieutenant rank insignia (ROC).jpg
Subordinate
officers
Wèi Officer Third Lieutenant
准尉 Zhūn Wèi Demi-Officer Warrant Officer
Sergeant-Majors 一等士官長 Yī děng Shìguān zhǎng Sergeant-Major
First Class
Sergeant Major Warrant Officer First Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg
二等士官長 Er děng Shìguān zhǎng Sergeant-Major
Second Class
First Sergeant Warrant Officer Second Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg
三等士官長 Sān děng Shìguān zhǎng Sergeant-Major
Third Class
Sergeant First Class Warrant Officer Third Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg
Sergeants 上士 Shàng Shi Superior Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Major rank insignia (ROC).jpg
中士 Zhōng Shi Middle Sergeant Sergeant Sergeant rank insignia (ROC).jpg
下士 Xia Shi Inferior Sergeant Corporal Junior Sergeant rank insignia (ROC).jpg
Privates 上等兵 Shàng děng Bīng Private Superior Class Private First Class Senior Private rank insignia (ROC).jpg
一等兵 Yī děng Bīng Private First Class Private E-2 Private First Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg
二等兵 Er děng Bīng Private Second Class Private E-1 Private Second Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Republic of China Army (Since 1981)
  2. ^ The rank was bestowed only once - upon Chiang Kai-shek and currently is abolished
  3. ^ Since 2013, the rank shall be granted only in wartime

See also[edit]