Republic of Egypt (1953–58)

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Republic of Egypt
جمهورية مصر
Ǧumhūriyyat Maṣr

1953–1958
 

Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Es Salaam El Gamhoury El Misri[1]
السلام الجمهوري المصري
"Egyptian Republican Anthem"
Capital Cairo
Languages Egyptian Arabic
Religion Sunni Islam,
Coptic Orthodox
Government Dominant-party Republic
President
 -  1953–1954 Muhammad Naguib
 -  1954–1958 Gamal Abdel Nasser
Prime Minister
 -  1953–1954 Muhammad Naguib
 -  1954 Gamal Abdel Nasser
 -  1954 Muhammad Naguib
 -  1954–1958 Gamal Abdel Nasser
Legislature Revolutionary Council
Historical era Cold War
 -  Established 18 June 1953
 -  Disestablished 22 February 1958
Currency Egyptian pound

The Republic of Egypt (Arabic: جمهورية مصر, Ǧumhūriyyat Maṣr), was the official name of Egypt from the abolition of the Egyptian and Sudanese monarchy in 1953 until Egypt's union with Syria in the United Arab Republic in 1958. The declaration of the republic followed the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, prompted by the unpopularity of King Farouk, who was seen as being too weak in the face of the British, coupled with the defeat in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

With the declaration of the Republic, Muhammad Naguib was sworn in as Egypt's first President, serving in that capacity for a little under one and a half years, before being forced to resign by his fellow revolutionaries. After Naguib's resignation, the position of President was vacant until the election of Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1956.[2]

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