Republic of New Granada
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|Republic of New Granada|
|República de la Nueva Granada|
Libertad y Orden
(English: Liberty and Order)
Republic of the New Granada
|Capital||Santa Fé de Bogotá|
|-||Established||October 20, 1831|
|-||Bill of rights¹||1853|
|-||Constitutional Change||April 11, 1858|
|Today part of|| Brazil
|¹ Abolition of slavery, and suffrage to all males over 21.|
The Republic of New Granada was a centralist republic consisting primarily of present-day Colombia and Panama with smaller portions of today's Ecuador, and Venezuela. It was created after the dissolution in 1830 of Gran Colombia.
Colombian Constitution of 1832
One of the prime features of the political climate of the republic was the position of the Catholic Church and the level of autonomy for the federal states. In 1839, dispute arose over the shutting down of monasteries by the Congress of New Granada. This soon escalated into the War of the Supremes, which raged for the next two years and transformed into a conflict about regional autonomy.
New Granada was transformed in 1858 to the Granadine Confederation as an answer to demands for a decentralized country.
The territory of the Republic was divided into provinces. Each province was composed of one or more cantons, each canton was divided into several districts parish.
Likewise, the Republic covered some territories in the peripheries of the country.
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