Republic of Zamboanga
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|Classical Period (900-1521)|
|Spanish Period (1521–1898)|
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|Republica de Zamboanga
República de Zamboanga
|Languages||Zamboangueño Chavacano, Spanish|
|Historical era||Philippine-American War|
|-||Established||May 18, 1899|
The Republic of Zamboanga (Zamboangueño Chavacano and Spanish: República de Zamboanga) was a short-lived revolutionary republic, founded after the collapse of Spanish colonial rule in Zamboanga in 1899.
End of Spanish rule
The republic began on May 18, 1899, with the surrender of Real Fuerza de Nuestra Señora La Virgen del Pilar de Zaragoza to the Revolutionary Government of Zamboanga under the leadership of General Vicente Alvarez. On May 23, 1899, the Spaniards finally evacuated Zamboanga, after burning down most of the city's buildings in contempt of the Zamboangueños' revolt against them.
General Álvarez served as president of the new republic until November 16, 1899 when opposition leader Isidro Midel sided with the occupying American forces which led to the overthrow of Álvarez's government. Álvarez and his allies were forced to flee to the nearby town of Mercedes then to the island of Basilan and went into hiding. In December 1899, Captain Pratt of the 23rd U.S. Infantry arrived at Zamboanga and took control of Fort Pilar. Thereafter, the nascent republic became a U.S. protectorate and Midel was allowed to continue as president of the republic for about sixteen months.
Decline and aftermath of the Republic
In March 1901, the Americans allowed the republic to hold elections and elected Mariano Arquiza to succeed Midel as the new president of the Zamboanga Republic. However, Arquiza's government did not exercise effective authority over Zamboanga and finally in March 1903, the Republic of Zamboanga was dissolved. After, the American colonial government designated Zamboanga as capital of the newly established Moro Province which served as the provincial entity of Mindanao with Brigadier General Leonard Wood as its governor.
The Republic of Zamboanga during President Álvarez's term claimed its territorial rights over the islands of Mindanao, Basilan, and Sulu, encompassing all of the southern Philippines in the midst of war against the Spanish, Americans, and natives of the said islands. However, Zamboanga's accordingly actual sovereignty extended only to the current boundaries of Zamboanga City.
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