Republican Party presidential candidates, 2012

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This article contains lists of notable candidates for the United States Republican Party's 2012 presidential nomination.

Candidates[edit]

The following individuals filed with the Federal Election Commission (FEC) and/or announced their intentions to seek the 2012 presidential nomination of the Republican Party. Those highlighted in blue were featured in the majority of the televised debates that occurred while their respective campaigns were active; those highlighted in yellow were excluded from the majority of those same televised debates, but are notable for having debated with at least some of the televised candidates in other forums (usually online).

Nominee[edit]

2012 Republican Nominee
Mitt Romney by Gage Skidmore 6.jpg
Mitt Romney

Mitt Romney, former governor of Massachusetts, declared his candidacy on June 2, 2011.[1] He won in Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming, and in District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico. He came second in Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Missouri (non-binding primary) and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and third in Alabama, Minnesota, Mississippi and North Dakota. The withdrawal of candidate Rick Santorum on April 10, 2012 eliminated his main challenger and all but guaranteed him the nomination. Newt Gingrich's exit from the race on May 2 left him against Ron Paul and Fred Karger. His win in Texas on May 29 finally accumulated enough delegates to mathematically secure him the nomination. Romney was officially announced as the 2012 Republican presidential nominee on August 28, 2012.[2] He was defeated by incumbent President Barack Obama in the general election on November 6, 2012.[3]

Primary ballot candidates[edit]

The following candidates appeared on Republican Party presidential primary ballots

Did not withdraw[edit]

The following candidates did not formally suspend or withdraw their candidacies after the 2012 Republican presidential nomination

Candidates that did not withdraw their bids for nomination
Ron Paul, official Congressional photo portrait, 2007.jpg
Ron Paul

Ron Paul, U.S. Representative from Texas declared his candidacy on May 13, 2011.[4] He won the popular vote in the U.S. Virgin Islands. He came second in Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Indiana, Kentucky, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington and the District of Columbia, and third in Alaska, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri (non-binding primary), Nevada, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Utah, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming and the Northern Mariana Islands. On May 14, 2012 Paul announced that he would no longer actively campaign in states that have not held primaries, but rather focus on a strategy to secure delegates before the convention.[5] Paul remained active in the race through the 2012 Republican National Convention.[6] Leading up to the convention, Ron Paul won bound-pluralities of the official delegations from the states of Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, Nevada, and Oregon (but not the Virgin Islands—despite winning the popular vote there). During the credentials committee meetings the week prior to the official opening of the convention, the Ron Paul members of the delegations from Louisiana, Maine, and Oregon were disputed (as well as the Ron Paul delegates from Massachusetts), and many of the Ron Paul delegates from those states were unseated. At the same time, Ron Paul delegates from Oklahoma disputed the credentials of the official Oklahoma delegation, but they did not succeed. In the end, Ron Paul had bound-pluralities from Iowa, Minnesota, and Nevada; however, he additionally had nomination-from-the-floor-pluralities in the states of Oregon and Alaska, plus the territory of the Virgin Islands. Under the 2012 rules, this total of 6 from-the-floor pluralities was sufficient to earn a fifteen-minute speech on national television; the rules were changed at the last minute to require 8 from-the-floor pluralities, and thus Ron Paul did not speak at the convention.[7] Although he wasn't named the 2012 Republican nominee, he did not officially end his campaign or endorse nominee Mitt Romney for president.[8][9] At the convention, Ron Paul received second place with 8% of the delegates; Gingrich and Santorum had released their bound delegates to Romney the week before the official opening of the convention.

Ran as a third-party nominee

Gary Johnson, who was a candidate for the Republican Party nomination during the bulk of 2011 (and still received a few thousand votes in the Republican primaries of 2012), withdrew from that contest in December 2011 to successfully seek the Libertarian Party nomination. Johnson was on the November 2012 general election ballot in 49 states, and received over one million votes, coming in a distant third behind Obama and Romney (each with approximately sixty million votes) in that contest. Johnson's total popular vote tally was also lower than the total tallies for Rick Santorum, Newt Gingrich, and Ron Paul during the primaries, all of whom received at least two million votes. However, in terms of total tally Johnson ended up considerably higher Huntsman, Perry, Bachmann, Roemer, and Cain (all of whom garnered more votes than Johnson during the Republican Party primaries).

Withdrew after the primaries[edit]

The following candidates suspended or withdrew their candidacies after the Republican primaries

Candidates that withdrew after the primaries
Fred Karger 2010.jpg
Fred Karger

Fred Karger, political consultant and gay rights activist of California, declared his candidacy on March 23, 2011.[10] Karger was not invited to any of the televised debates, but participated in the December WePolls.com online debate along with Gary Johnson and Buddy Roemer. He came in 4th place with 1,893 votes in Puerto Rico, 1,180 votes in Michigan, 10 votes in Iowa, 345 votes in New Hampshire, 377 votes in Maryland, 6,481 votes in his home state of California, and 545 votes in Utah, amounting up to a total of 10,831 votes. He withdrew on June 29, 2012, following a 5th place finish in the Utah primary, which was the final primary of the 2012 cycle. Karger received no delegate votes at the convention.

Withdrew during the primaries[edit]

The following candidates suspended or withdrew their candidacies and/or will appear on no additional Republican primary ballots

Primary candidates that appeared on more than two primary ballots
Newt Gingrich by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Newt Gingrich

Newt Gingrich, former U.S. Speaker of the House of Representatives from Georgia, declared his candidacy on May 11, 2011.[11] He won in Georgia, South Carolina. He came second in Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Mississippi and Nevada, and third in Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Tennessee and the District of Columbia. After a poor showing in the Delaware primaries, Gingrich's advisers hinted on April 25, 2012 that he would exit the race the following week.[12] He officially ended his campaign on May 2, and endorsed Mitt Romney.[13] Gingrich received no delegate votes at the convention, having released his bound delegates to Romney.

Rick Santorum by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Rick Santorum

Rick Santorum, former U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania declared his candidacy on June 6, 2011.[14] He won in Alabama, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri (non-binding primary), North Dakota, Oklahoma and Tennessee. He came second in Alaska, Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, the Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico, and third in Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Montana, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Santorum suspended his campaign on April 10, 2012, following the hospitalization of his three year old daughter Isabella, as well as a strong showing by front runner Mitt Romney in recent primaries and polls.[15][16][17] He conceded the race to Romney later that day, though didn't fully endorse him until May 7.[18][19][20] Santorum received nine delegate votes at the convention, coming in third behind Romney and Ron Paul, despite having officially released his bound delegates to Romney.

Buddy Roemer by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Buddy Roemer

Buddy Roemer, Former governor of Louisiana, declared his candidacy on June 21, 2011.[21] Roemer was not invited to any of the televised debates, but particupated in the November LibertyPAC online debate with Gingrich, Johnson, and Santorum, and then also in the December WePolls.com online debate along with Gary Johnson and Fred Karger. On February 22, 2012 he announced he was withdrawing from the Republican race to pursue nomination as a member of the Reform Party.[22] He has received a total of 30,523 votes from Iowa New Hampshire, Tennessee, Michigan, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, California, and Puerto Rico, where he came in third place. Roemer received one delegate-vote at the convention.

Rick Perry by Gage Skidmore 4.jpg
Rick Perry

Rick Perry, Governor of Texas, declared his candidacy on August 13, 2011.[23] After doing poorly in Iowa and New Hampshire, he suspended his campaign on January 19, 2012, endorsing Newt Gingrich.[24] On April 25, he switched his endorsement to Mitt Romney, after advisers hinted that Gingrich would withdraw his nomination.[25] He remained on the ballot in most states prior to Super Tuesday, and has received 54,769 votes during the primary season. Perry received no delegate-votes at the convention.

Ambassador Jon Huntsman.jpg
Jon Huntsman, Jr.

Jon Huntsman, Jr., Former Governor of Utah and US Ambassador to China, declared his candidacy on June 21, 2011.[26] After coming in third in New Hampshire, he suspended his campaign on January 16, 2012, endorsing Mitt Romney.[27] He remained on the ballot in most states prior to Super Tuesday, and has received 84,724 votes during the primary season, collecting two delegates. Huntsman received one delegate-vote at the convention.

Michelebachmann.jpg
Michele Bachmann

Michele Bachmann, U.S. Representative from Minnesota, declared her candidacy on June 27, 2011.[28] After winning the Ames Straw Poll, her candidacy collapsed and after coming sixth in the Iowa caucuses, she suspended her presidential campaign on January 4, 2012.[29] After months of speculation, Bachmann endorsed Mitt Romney on May 3.[30] She remained on the ballot in most states prior to Super Tuesday, and received 41,401 votes during the primary season, collecting two 'soft' delegates. Bachmann received one delegate-vote at the convention.

Withdrew earlier, but appeared on three ballots[edit]

Suspended or withdrew their Republican-candidacies before the primaries, but appeared on at least three primary ballots.
Herman Cain by Gage Skidmore 4.jpg
Herman Cain

Herman Cain, Businessman of Georgia, declared his candidacy on May 21, 2011.[31] After a series of scandals, Cain suspended his presidential campaign on December 3, 2011, and after momentarily reviving it as part of Stephen Colbert's satirical presidential campaign, endorsed Newt Gingrich on January 28, 2012.[32][33] On April 17, 2012, he changed his endorsement to Mitt Romney.[34] He remained on the ballot in a number of states, and has received 13,629 votes during the primary season. Cain received no delegate-votes at the convention.

Garyjohnsonphoto - modified.jpg
Gary Johnson

Gary Johnson, Former Governor of New Mexico, declared his candidacy on April 21, 2011.[35] Johnson was in the first televised debate, and in one other televised debate, but was excluded from the other televised debates. He debated online during November with Gingrich, Santorum, and Roemer; he then debated online with Roemer and Karger during December. Johnson withdrew his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination on December 28, 2011, endorsing Ron Paul in that contest.[36] Johnson officially declared his candidacy for the 2012 Libertarian Party presidential nomination on the same day, and became the party's nominee on May 5, 2012.[37][38] He remained on the Republican primary ballot in a number of states, and has received 4,364 votes during the Republican primary season. As the Libertarian nominee, Johnson received 1,274,136 votes (which was 1% of the votes cast) on the November general election ballot.

Appeared on less than three ballots[edit]

Appeared on only two primary ballots
  • John L. Davis (NH, TX)
  • Michael J. Meehan (NH, MO)
  • Mark Callahan (NH, AZ)
  • Christopher Hill (NH, AZ)
  • Randy Crow (NH, LA)
  • Keith Drummond (NH, MO)
Primary candidates that appeared only one primary ballot
AndyMartin.jpg
Andy Martin

Andy Martin, perennial candidate and birther activist of Illinois, declared his candidacy on December 29, 2010.[39] He received 19 votes in New Hampshire and has not attempted to get his name on any other ballot. On April 25, 2012 Martin dropped his bid for the nomination and announced his intent to remain politically active within the race until the 2012 Republican national convention, at which point he endorsed nominee Mitt Romney.[40]

Stewart Greenleaf.jpg
Stewart Greenleaf
Stewart Greenleaf, Pennsylvania State Senator, signed up for the New Hampshire primary ballot on October 28, 2011.[41][42] He received 24 votes there and has not attempted to get his name on any other ballot.[43]

FEC-filed candidates[edit]

The following notable candidates filed with the FEC, but did not appear on any primary ballots.

Candidates that filed with the FEC, but appeared on no primary ballots
Jimmy McMillan Blue 2 2011 Shankbone.jpg
Jimmy McMillan

Jimmy McMillan, perennial candidate from New York declared his candidacy on December 23, 2010.[44] He stopped running as a Republican candidate on January 31, 2012, in an attempt to get his Rent Is Too Damn High Party on the New York ballot in November via lawsuit.[45] On September 13, 2012, McMillan dropped out of the race in order to focus on his candidacy for the 2013 New York City mayoral election, and endorsed President Barack Obama.[46]

Roy Moore Roy Moore, former Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court, announced the formation of an exploratory committee on May 18, 2011.[47][48] When that campaign failed to gain traction, he began to draw speculation in the media as being a potential Constitution Party presidential contender.[49][50] Moore eventually withdrew his exploratory committee and ended all speculation of a presidential candidacy in November 2011, when he announced he would seek election to his former post of Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court in 2012.[51] He received two write-in Votes in Iowa.
Thaddeusmccotter.jpg
Thaddeus McCotter

Thaddeus McCotter, U.S. Representative from Michigan, declared his candidacy on July 2, 2011.[52] McCotter was in the July 20th TheTeaParty.net twitter-debate, along with Bachmann, Cain, Gingrich, Johnson, and Santorum, but was not invited to the two Iowa & California televised debates which occurred while he was running. McCotter dropped out of the race on September 22, 2011 (the day of the televised Florida debate—the third during his campaign—to which he also was not invited) and endorsed Mitt Romney.[53] He received 35 votes at the Ames Straw Poll.

Tim Pawlenty official photo.jpg
Tim Pawlenty

Tim Pawlenty, Former Governor of Minnesota, declared his candidacy on May 23, 2011.[54] Pawlenty dropped out of the race on August 14, 2011 after a third-place finish at the Ames Straw Poll.[55] He endorsed Mitt Romney for President on September 12, 2011.[56] He received 2,293 votes, or 13.6%, at Ames, and two write-ins in the Caucus itself, as well as four in New Hampshire, for a total of six during the primary season.

Sharkey.JPG
Jonathon Sharkey
Jonathon Sharkey, perennial candidate from Florida, filed a presidential committee with the FEC on May 5, 2010.[57][58][59] Sharkey withdrew from the race on August 17, 2011 to pursue a movie career.[60]
Jack Fellure.jpg
Jack Fellure
Jack Fellure, perennial candidate from West Virginia, filed a presidential committee with the FEC on November 5, 2008.[61] Fellure ended his campaign for the Republican nomination on June 22, 2011 after receiving the presidential nomination of the Prohibition Party.[62]

Speculative candidates[edit]

Received speculation[edit]

The following people were the object of presidential speculation in media reports in 2011. This gallery does not include people who declined to run (see below).

Received speculation
Meg Whitman (from California)
Dot com executive, 2010 nominee for Governor of California[98][99]
Endorsed Mitt Romney 

Declined to run[edit]

The following people, who were speculated to be potential candidates for the Republican Party's presidential nomination clearly and unequivocally denied interest publicly, released Shermanesque statements, or declared candidacy for a different political office in 2012.

Sharron Angle
Former Assemblywoman, 2010 nominee for US Senate from Nevada[100]
Endorsed Rick Santorum 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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