Republican Villagers Nation Party

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Republican Villagers Nation Party
President Alparslan Türkeş
Founder Osman Bölükbaşı
Founded October 16, 1958
Dissolved February 9, 1969
Succeeded by Nationalist Movement Party
Headquarters Ceyhun Atıf Kansu Caddesi, No:128, Balgat - Ankara, Turkey
Youth wing Grey Wolves
Ideology Turkish nationalism
Political position Far-right
Colours      Brown
Politics of Turkey
Political parties

Republican Villagers Nation Party (or Republican Peasants' Nation Party, Turkish: Cumhuriyetçi Köylü Millet Partisi, abbreviated CKMP) was a former political party in Turkey.


The party was founded by fusion of two parties.[1]

One of these partises was Turkey Villagers Party founded by Oğuz Remzi Arık on 16 May 1952. Most of the members of this party were ex Democrat Party members and they were known as Nationalists. After the death of the founder in an air crash, the party couldn't gain any seats in the parliament in the 1954 and 1957 elections.

The other party was Osman Bölükbaşı's Republican Nation Party which was founded on 27 January 1954. But unlike Turkey Villagers Party, Republican Nation Party was actually the continuation of a former party named Nation Party which was banned in 1953.[2] Both in 1954 and in 1957 elections they able to gain seats in the Parliament.

On 16 October 1958 two parties were merged under the name Republican Nation Villagers Party. The chairman of the party was Osman Bölükbaşı.

Split in the party[edit]

In 1962, the party faced with the problem of coalition partnership. Up to 1962 CKMP had always been an opposition party. But in 1962 for the first time, CKMP was offered to take part in İsmet İnönü's government. Although this offer was attractive for most of the party members, Osman Bölükbaşı was against to serve under İsmet İnönü. Thus a group of MPs under the leadership of Osman Bölükbaşı issued from the party. The new chairman of the party was Ahmet Oğuz. The party participated in the coalition government and one member, Hasan Dincer, became the deputy prime minister.[3] But without the rhetoric of Osman Bölükbaşı the party bagan to lose support. Between the general elections in 1961 and 1965 the support dropped from 14% to 2.2%.[4] Meanwhile in 1965 Bölükbaşı's new party i.e., Nation Party received 6.3%.

Conversion to MHP[edit]

On 31 March 1964, Alparslan Türkeş an ex colonel and a member of 1960 Turkish coup d'état team, became a member of the party. On 1 August 1965 Alparslan Türkeş became the new cahairman of the party and three days later the senior politicians of the party (including Ahmet Oğuz) resigned from the party.[5] This enabled Alparslan Türkeş to redesign the party and on 9 February 1969 the party was renamed as Nationalist Movement Party (MHP).[6]


  1. ^ Online encyclopaedia (Turkish)
  2. ^ Altan Öymen: Öfkeli Yıllar, Doğan Kitap, Istanbul, ISBN 978-605-401-9 p.452
  3. ^ Official page of the prime minister
  4. ^ Elections page (Turkish)
  5. ^ Ülkü Ocakları page (Turkish)
  6. ^ Alparsaln Türkeş biography (Turkish)

External links[edit]