|Population||2,637 (2011 census)|
|• Density||573/km2 (1,485/sq mi)|
|Area||4.6 km2 (1.8 sq mi)|
|Location||28 km (17 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Nillumbik|
Research is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 24 kilometres (15 mi) north-east from Melbourne's Central Business District. Its Local Government Area is the Shire of Nillumbik. At the 2011 Census, Research had a population of 2,637.
Settled in the 1850s, Research was the location of extensive orchards by the 1860s. The unusual name arose from the gold rush era in Victoria, during the mid 19th century. Research was then known as Swiper's Gully, but gold was found after the area was re-searched. Swiper's Gully then became Research Gully, and finally, late in the 19th century, abbreviated to Research.
Research Post Office opened on 20 October 1902.
Areas with unmade (dirt) roads and unsewered homes on large land blocks (1 to 35 acres) still exist south of Main Road. Water supply is generally from dams and from water tanks which collect and store rain water. There is limited reticulated gas supply and many residents rely on burning firewood for heating. This area has one of the highest bushfire risks in Australia, due to prolific Eucalyptus and wattle tree vegetation. Consequently, a diverse variety of fauna and flora exist in this ecologically protected zone. North of Main Road there is much infill development with modern two-storey eave-less houses.
The community in Research includes The Eltham Little Theatre, Balance Gymnastics, indoor pool, tennis, scout hall and a Country Fire Authority station.
The schools in Research include Eltham College of Education and Research Primary School.
Research is the home of the Research Junior Football Club, which competes in the Northern Football League. They play their home games at Research Park, located on Main Road, Research. Research Cricket Club and Eltham Collegians Cricket Club were both Diamond Valley Cricket Association teams based in Research, until they merged in 2010 to form one club. Their home games are played at Research Park and Eltham College Oval. Research Baseball Club, which plays in the Melbourne Winter Baseball League, are based in Research, but play their home games in Lower Plenty. Research Tennis Club play their home games at the Research Park Tennis Courts.
- Shire of Eltham - A former Local Government Area of which Research was a part.
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