The village is situated in the Vale of Neath, next to the A465 Heads of Valleys Road, and is the main settlement in the community of Resolven. Together with the community of Clyne and Melincourt, the village makes up the Resolven electoral ward.
History and amenities 
In the immediate surrounding areas there are a number of industrial sites, which have become somewhat run down during the 1980s and 1990s. The popular Rheola indoor market is located near the village on the site of an old industrial factory, but has since moved from rheola and now resides in the old TRW Steering Systems building.
The larger surrounding area has much attractive countryside and a substantial wind farm above the village at Ffynon Oer.
Resolven has played host to one of the best known stages of the Wales Rally GB for many years.
Notable residents 
- "Peter Hain". BBC Wales. Retrieved August 15, 2010.
- Cymdeithas Hanes Resolfen History Society
- Monumental Inscriptions for Resolven
- Resolven Rugby Club Official Site
- www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Resolven and surrounding area
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