Restauration (ship)

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Restauration
Career
Launched: 1801
General characteristics
Type: Sloop
Tonnage: 39 tons
Length: 54 ft (16 m)
Beam: 16 ft (4.9 m)
U.S. postage stamp featuring the ship Restauration issued in honor of the 100th anniversary of Norwegian immigration
Replica of Restauration under construction at Finnøy, Norway

Restauration was a sloop built in 1801 in Hardanger, Norway. It became a symbol of Norwegian American immigration. Historical sources may contain several variations on the name of the sloop, including Restauration, Restoration, Restaurasjonen, and Restorasjon.[1]

History[edit]

On what is considered the first organized emigration from Norway to the United States, Restauration set sail from Stavanger on July 5, 1825, with 52 people aboard, many of them Norwegian Quakers. Probably many of this group belonged to a similar local movement, the Haugeans, a Lutheran sect which derived its name from Hans Nielsen Hauge. The group, led by Cleng Peerson, landed in New York City on October 9, 1825 after a three-month voyage.[2]

For a vessel of her size Restauration had far more passengers on board than were allowed by American law. This resulted in a severe fine, confiscation of the ship and the arrest of the captain, L. O. Helland. The situation was solved when President John Quincy Adams pardoned the captain on 15 November, released him and the ship, and rescinded the fine. The people who made this voyage, who are sometimes referred to as the "Sloopers," moved onward to their first settlement in Kendall, Orleans County, New York.[3][4]

Recognition[edit]

The Norse-American Centennial was held in Minnesota on June 7–9, 1925, in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the arrival of Restauration in New York City. The United States Post Office also issued two stamps commemorate the 1825 arrival. The 2-cent stamp has for its central design a ship representing Restauration. The illustration on the two cent stamp is an artist's rendition of what Restauration probably looked like based on a drawing of its sister ship.

The 5-cent stamp has for its central design a Viking ship. This design is from a photograph of Viking which sailed from Norway to Chicago for the Columbian Exposition of 1893. The design on the 5-cent stamp was from a photograph of an exact size replica of Viking. A flag of the United States is seen waving from the bow of the ship. That ship was a replica of the Gokstad ship on display in the Viking Ship Museum in Oslo.

In 1975, in honor of the sesquicentennial of the arrival of Restauration, Cleng Peerson was depicted on a Norwegian NOK 1.40 postage stamp. The date of Leif Erikson Day in the United States was chosen to coincide with the day Restauration arrived in New York Harbor: October 9.[5] A replica of Restauration is currently[when?] under construction in Norway, at Jørn Flesjå's small wooden shipyard at Finnøy in Ryfylke.[6]

Update: The replica was put into sea april 15th 2010. The ship sails mostly in Rogaland with charterguests. The guests is usually told the story of the first emigration with the original ship during the trips.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Sloopers". The Promise of America. U00651. 
  2. ^ Cadbury, Henry J. "The Norwegian Quakers of 1825". Norwegian-American Studies (Norwegian American Historic Association) I: 60. 
  3. ^ About Restauration (Restauration Friendship Society)[dead link]
  4. ^ Blegen, Theodore C.. John Quincy Adams And The Sloop "Restoration". "Norwegian Migration to America, The American Transition". RootsWeb. 
  5. ^ "Leif Erikson Day in United States". Time and Date. 
  6. ^ Norwegian Mayflower (Ryfylke Trebåtbyggjeri at Finnøy in Rogaland)[dead link]

Related reading[edit]

  • Haslam, Gerald Myron. 1984. Clash of Cultures: The Norwegian Experience with Mormonism, 1842-1920. New York: P. Lang.
  • Seversike, Lester. The Prairie Lands of the Sloopers (Fox Valley Norwegian-American Sesquicentennial Association. 1975)
  • Tjossem, Wilmer L. Quaker Sloopers: From the Fjords to the Prairies (Friends United Press. 1984)

External links[edit]