Restigouche-class destroyer

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Canadian Restigouche class DDEs off Alaska 1983.JPEG
Restigouche, Terra Nova and Gatineau in 1983
Class overview
Name: Restigouche-class
Builders: Canadian Vickers Ltd., Montreal
Burrard Dry Dock Ltd., North Vancouver
Halifax Shipyards Ltd., Halifax
Marine Industries Ltd., Sorel
Davie Shipbuilding Ltd., Lauzon
Victoria Machinery Depot Ltd., Victoria
Operators:  Royal Canadian Navy
 Royal Canadian Navy
Preceded by: St. Laurent-class destroyer
Succeeded by: Mackenzie-class destroyer
In commission: 7 June 1958 – 11 July 1997
Completed: 7
Laid up: 2
Retired: 5
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer Escort
Displacement: As built:

2,390 t (2,390.0 t) (normal)
2,800 t (2,800.0 t) (deep load)

After IRE:

2,900 t (2,900.0 t) (deep load)
Length: 366 ft (111.6 m) (waterline)
371 ft (113.1 m) (overall)
Beam: 42 ft (12.8 m)
Draught: 13.17 ft (4.0 m) normal
14 ft (4.3 m) deep load
Propulsion: 2 x shafts
2 x English-Electric geared steam turbines
2 x Babcock and Wilcox boilers
30,000 shp
Speed: 28 knots (52 km/h)
Range: 4,750 nautical miles (8,797.0 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h)
Complement: As built: 249
After IRE/DELEX: 214
Sensors and
processing systems:
As built:
  • 1 x SPS-12 air search radar
  • 1 x SPS-10B surface search radar
  • 1 x Sperry Mk.2 navigation radar
  • 1 x SQS-501 high frequency bottom profiler sonar
  • 1 x SQS-502 high frequency mortar control sonar
  • 1 x SQS-503 hull mounted active search sonar
  • 1 x SQS-10 hull mounted active search sonar
  • 1 x Mk.69 gunnery control system with SPG-48 director forward
  • 1 x GUNAR Mk.64 GFCS with on-mount SPG-48 director aft

After IRE:

  • 1 x SPS-12 air search radar
  • 1 x SPS-10B surface search radar
  • 1 x Sperry Mk.2 navigation radar
  • 1 x SQS-501 high frequency bottom profiler sonar
  • 1 x SQS-502 high frequency mortar control sonar
  • 1 x SQS-503 hull mounted active search sonar
  • 1 x SQS-10 hull mounted active search sonar
  • 1 x AQA-5 Jezebel passive tracer sonar
  • 1 x Mk.69 gunnery control system with SPG-48 director forward

After DELEX:

  • 1 xMarconi SPS 502 air search radar
  • 1 x Raytheon SPS 10D surface search radar
  • 1 x Sperry Mk.127 E navigation radar
  • 1 x SQS-505 hull sonar
  • 1 x SQS 505 VDS sonar
  • 1 x Mk.69 gunnery control system with SPG-515 director forward

After Gulf War:

  • 1 x Marconi SPS 502 air search radar
  • 1 x Raytheon SPS 10D surface search radar
  • 1 x Sperry Mk.127 E navigation radar
  • 1 x SQS-505 hull sonar
  • 1 x SQS-505 VDS sonar
  • 1 x C-Tech mine avoidance sonar
  • 1 x Mk.69 gunnery control system with SPG-515 director forward
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
As built:
  • 1 x DAU HF/DF (high frequency direction finder)

After IRE:

  • 1 x ULQ-6 jammer
  • 1 x WLR-1C radar analyzer
  • 1 x UPD-501 radar detector
  • 1 x SRD-501 HF/DF

After DELEX:

  • 1 x CANEWS
  • 1 x ULQ-6 jammer

After Gulf War:

  • 1 x CANEWS
  • 1 x ULQ-6 jammer
  • 1 x ALR-74 threat warning
Armament: As built:
  • 1 x 3"/70 Mk.6 Vickers twin mount forward
  • 1 x 3"/50 Mk.33 FMC twin mount aft
  • 2 x Mk NC 10 Limbo ASW mortars
  • 2 x single Mk.2 "K-gun" launchers with homing torpedoes
  • 1 x 103 mm Bofors illumination rocket launchers

After IRE/DELEX:

  • 1 x 3"/70 Mk.6 Vickers twin mount forward
  • 1 x Mk.112 ASROC octuple launcher
  • 1 x Mk NC 10 Limbo ASW mortars
  • 2 x Mk.32 triple torpedo launchers firing Mk.46 Mod 5 torpedoes

After Gulf War:

  • 1 x 3"/70 Mk.6 Vickers twin mount forward
  • 2 x Harpoon quad SSM launchers
  • shoulder launched Blowpipe and Javelin SAMs
  • 1 x Phalanx 20 mm CIWS
  • 2 x 40mm/60 Bofors guns
  • 6 x .50-cal machine guns
  • 2 x Mk.32 triple torpedo launchers firing Mk.46 Mod 5 torpedoes

The Restigouche class destroyer was a class of destroyers that served the Royal Canadian Navy and later the Canadian Forces from the late-1950s to the late-1990s.

The Royal Canadian Navy began planning the St. Laurent-class destroyer in the late 1940s and originally intended to procure 14 vessels. Delays in design and construction saw the number of vessels for the St. Laurent-class halved to 7. The 7 remaining vessels were redesigned as the Restigouche-class, taking into account design improvements found during construction of the St. Laurent's.

There were seven ships of the class commissioned between 1958 and 1959.

The most noticeable difference between the St. Laurent and Restigouche classes was that the latter had the bridge raised one full deck higher in order to see over a new forward Vickers 3"/70 Mk.6 gun mount.[1]

Improved Restigouche (IRE)[edit]

Between 1966 to 1973, four ships of this class were refitted to what is known as the Improved Restigouche (IRE).

This refit involved replacing the aft 3"/50 gun with an octuple ASROC launcher. The old radar/communication mast was also replaced with a taller lattice mast. The stern was altered and one Limbo ASW mortar was removed in order to accommodate a new variable depth sonar.[1]

The three vessels that did not receive this refit were paid off into Category "C" Reserve soon afterward, during the manpower shortages of the early to mid-1970s when the newly unified Canadian Forces experienced defence budget cuts. HMCS Chaudiere was used as a parts hulk and donated her bow to HMCS Kootenay after the latter was damaged in a collision. HMCS Columbia became a dockside engineering training platform at CFB Esquimalt and HMCS St. Croix had her weapons and propellers removed and her machinery spaces converted into classrooms.[1]

Destroyer Life Extension Project (DELEX)[edit]

The four IRE vessels of the Restigouche-class that remained in active service with the Canadian Forces were selected for the Destroyer Life Extension Project (DELEX) in the late 1970s. DELEX was commissioned to upgrade the ten newest St. Laurent and Restigouche-class ships with new electronics, machinery, and hull upgrades and repairs. The intent of DELEX was to extend the life of these ships for another 15 years of service while the Halifax-class frigate were being designed and built as part of the Canadian Patrol Frigate Project.

DELEX included the installation of a Naval Tactical Data System (NTDS) known as the Automatic Data Link Plotting System (ADLIPS), as well as the Canadian Electronic Warfare System (CANEWS), and a new communication suite.

DELEX was very successful as it allowed older ships to participate in a modern electronic battle field using tactical data links between ships and aircraft.

Kootenay suffered two mishaps during her career: In 1969 one of her gearboxes exploded, killing 7 crewmembers in one of the worst peacetime accidents in Canadian naval history. 20 years later, she collided with a freighter in 1989 and suffered bow damage and was repaired with parts removed from Chaudiere.

Gulf War refit[edit]

HMCS Terra Nova was hastily and temporarily refitted in August 1990 as part of Operation FRICTION.

She was re-equipped with parts from the Halifax-class frigate program to act as a primary anti-ship strike and naval battery platform. Modifications were made in Halifax as well as while underway to the Persian Gulf and involved the installation of new weapons and subsequent electronics and sensors.

Among the new equipment for Terra Nova was an upgraded 3-inch (76 mm) rapid fire gun, Harpoon anti-ship missile launcher (8 missiles), Vulcan Phalanx 20 mm Close-In Weapon System (CIWS), and modified torpedo tubes for the Mk.46 Mod 50 homing torpedo.[1] The upgrade saw the removal of the ASROC system and the well for the Limbo ASW mortar, which were replaced by Harpoon and CIWS respectively. Two 40 mm Boffin anti-aircraft guns (with an improvised fire control system) in addition to Javelin point-defense Surface-to-Air missiles and .50 cal machine guns were also added for improved close-quarter fighting.

As such, Terra Nova became the first ever guided-missile destroyer ever to serve in the Canadian Navy. Recently released documents indicate that the rapid Gulf War modification plans were determined to date back to the early 1980s as part of an emergency re-armament plan devised in case of a conventional war with the Soviet Union and/or the Warsaw Pact.

Ships[edit]

Royal Canadian Navy - Restigouche-class destroyer - Canadian Forces Maritime Command Naval Ensign of Canada.svg
Ship Original Pennant Number Builder Laid Down Launched Commiss-
ioned
Refits Completed Paid Off Fate
IRE DELEX Persian Gulf
HMCS Restigouche DDE 257 Canadian Vickers Ltd., Montreal 17 Jul 1953 22 Nov 1954 7 Jun 1958 1972 29 Nov 1985 late 1990 or early 1991 31 Aug 1994 Sunk off Mexico as an artificial reef in 2001.
HMCS Chaudiere DDE 235 Halifax Shipyards Ltd., Halifax 30 Jul 1953 13 Nov 1957 14 Nov 1959 Never Never Never 23 May 1974 Donated part of her bow to HMCS Kootenay (DDE 258) in 1989. Sunk as an artificial reef off British Columbia in 1992.
HMCS Gatineau DDE 236 Davie Shipbuilding Ltd., Lauzon 30 Apr 1953 3 Jun 1957 17 Feb 1959 14 Apr 1971 12 Nov 1982 Never 24 May 1996 Currently about 75% scrapped, Pictou, NS.
HMCS St. Croix DDE 256 Marine Industries Ltd., Sorel 15 Oct 1954 17 Nov 1957 4 Oct 1958 21 Oct 1964 Never Never 15 Nov 1974 Sold for scrap in 1991.
HMCS Kootenay DDE 258 Burrard Dry Dock Ltd., North Vancouver 21 Aug 1952 15 Jun 1954 7 Mar 1959 7 Jan 1972 21 Oct 1983 Never 18 Nov 1995 Sunk as an artificial reef off Mexico in 2001.
HMCS Terra Nova DDE 259 Victoria Machinery Depot Ltd., Victoria 11 Jun 1953 21 Jun 1955 6 Jun 1959 1968 9 Nov 1984 Aug-Sep 1990[note 1] 11 July 1997 In 2001 Terra Nova was cast in the film K-19 - The Widowmaker as USS Decatur.[2] Currently about 85% scrapped, Pictou NS.
HMCS Columbia DDE 260 Burrard Dry Dock Ltd., North Vancouver 11 Jun 1952 1 Nov 1956 7 Nov 1959 Never Never Never 18 Feb 1974 Sunk as an artificial reef off British Columbia in 1996.

References[edit]

Notes
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d Chumbly and Gardner, p.45
  2. ^ Maccarillo, Lisa (July 2002). "Bigelow's Boat". In Focus. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. 
References