Results of the Canadian federal election, 2006
The 39th Canadian federal election was held on January 23, 2006.
The Conservative Party of Canada, led by Stephen Harper, won a minority government. The Conservatives won 124 seats. The former governing party, the Liberal Party of Canada, won 103 seats. The separatist Bloc Québécois won 51 seats and the social-democratic New Democratic Party 29. An independent candidate won a seat in Quebec. The Conservatives won only 40.3% of the seats, the smallest share of house seats ever won by a government in an election. The Conservative's 36.3% of the vote is also the smallest vote share, of a first-placed party. Joe Clark won only 35.9% of the vote in 1979, but in that election the Liberals won 40.1%.
- 1 Results by electoral district
- 2 Atlantic provinces
- 3 Québec
- 4 Ontario
- 5 Prairie provinces
- 6 British Columbia
- 7 Territories
- 8 Defeated cabinet ministers
- 9 External links
Results by electoral district
The Liberals won 20 seats in the Atlantic Provinces, the Conservatives nine and the NDP three. This is a swing of two seats from the Liberals to the Conservatives.
Newfoundland and Labrador
The Liberals won four seats and the Conservatives three. The Avalon seat changed hands from the Liberals to the Tories. The seat had been held by Natural Resources Minister John Efford, who is retiring. Fabian Manning has won the seat for the Conservatives over Bill Morrow.
|Results in Newfoundland and Labrador|
Prince Edward Island
All four Liberal incumbents have been re-elected. This is the sixth consecutive sweep of Prince Edward Island for the federal Liberals.
|Results in Prince Edward Island|
All incumbent MPs in Nova Scotia were re-elected. There are six Liberal, three Conservatives and two NDP MPs in the province.
|Results in Nova Scotia|
|Results in New Brunswick|
The Conservatives replaced the Liberals as the major federalist party in Québec outside of Montreal, winning eight seats from the Bloc Québécois and two from the Liberals. The Liberals lost five Montreal-area seats and Gatineau to the Bloc.
The Bloc retained its majority of seats in Québec. However, the sovereigntist party failed to garner more than 50% of the popular vote, which early polls during the election campaign had indicated was a strong possibility. The Bloc's share of the vote actually declined as support for the Conservatives surged. The Conservatives unexpectedly won several seats in the Quebec City region, including Beauport—Limoilou, Charlesbourg—Haute-Saint-Charles, Lévis—Bellechasse, and Louis-Hébert, all of which had been considered safe seats for the Bloc Québécois.
Several high-profile cabinet ministers also lost their seats. Minister of Canadian Heritage, Liza Frulla, lost her re-election bid to the Bloc's Thierry St-Cyr in Jeanne-Le Ber while Minister of Foreign Affairs Pierre Pettigrew lost to the Bloc's Vivian Barbot in Papineau.
Also of note, out of every Canadian federal election held since Confederation in 1867, the Liberals attained their lowest historical share of the popular vote, with only 20.7%. Although their all-time lowest share of seats was 12 in 1988, their support managed to get them one more seat, 13, this time.
|Results in Quebec|
The Liberals lost 21 seats in the province; 17 to the Conservatives and four to the New Democratic Party.
The NDP's Irene Mathyssen won the seat of London—Fanshawe, which was previously held by independent MP Pat O'Brien. O'Brien was formerly a Liberal, until June 2005, when he left the Liberals and became an independent.
In Hamilton East—Stoney Creek, Wayne Marston of the NDP defeated Tony Valeri, who held the position of leader of the government in the House of Commons. In Hamilton Mountain, the NDP's Chris Charlton won the seat vacated by Beth Phinney, who has retired.
In Ottawa, NDP candidate Paul Dewar was elected in Ottawa Centre, succeeding retiring NDP MP and former leader Ed Broadbent. The Conservatives gained two seats in Ottawa, with Ontario MPP John Baird picking up the open seat in Ottawa West—Nepean to succeed retiring Liberal MP Marlene Catterall, defeating Liberal candidate Lee Farnworth, and Royal Galipeau defeating Liberal incumbent Marc Godbout in Ottawa—Orléans. All other Ottawa ridings saw their incumbents re-elected.
Liberal cabinet ministers Andy Mitchell and Aileen Carroll lost their seats to Conservatives. Tony Clement, a former provincial cabinet member, defeated Mitchell, the federal agriculture minister, in Parry Sound—Muskoka. Carroll, the minister of international cooperation, lost her Barrie seat to Patrick Brown.
The Conservatives did not win any seats in the city of Toronto but dominated the smaller urban and rural portions of central, eastern and southwestern Ontario.
|Results in Ontario (99.99% of polls)|
|First Peoples National||0||563||0.01||-|
Preliminary results show the Conservatives with eight seats in Manitoba, an increase of one from 2004.
The Liberals maintain their three-seat total in the province by winning the Churchill seat. Actress Tina Keeper defeated incumbent Bev Desjarlais, who ran as an independent after losing her party's nomination for opposing same-sex marriage.
|Results in Manitoba|
All other Saskatchewan seats went to the Tories, as in 2004.
|Results in Saskatchewan|
The Conservatives swept all 28 seats in the province. They picked up the Edmonton—Mill Woods—Beaumont seat held by retiring independent MP David Kilgour and the Edmonton Centre seat held by Liberal Deputy Prime Minister Anne McLellan.
|Results in Alberta|
|First Peoples National||0||543||0.04||-|
BC was the one province in which the Conservatives lost significant ground. The Tories won 17 seats, down from 22 in 2004. The NDP doubled its seat count from five to 10, while the Liberals won nine seats, up from eight last time. (An independent won a BC seat in 2004.)
In Esquimalt—Juan de Fuca, former Conservative Keith Martin won re-election as a Liberal. The Liberals also picked up the Newton—North Delta seat with Sukh Dhaliwal winning the riding, which had been held by scandal-ridden Conservative Gurmant Grewal.
Svend Robinson, the controversial former NDP MP who had left politics after admitting to stealing a ring in 2004, failed in his bid to return to Parliament. Liberal incumbent Hedy Fry defeated him in Vancouver Centre.
|Results in British Columbia|
|First Peoples National||0||95||0.01||-|
|Results in Nunavut|
|Results in the Northwest Territories|
|Results in the Yukon|
Defeated cabinet ministers
- Deputy Prime Minister Anne McLellan (Edmonton Centre)
- Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food Andy Mitchell (Parry Sound—Muskoka)
- Minister of Canadian Heritage Liza Frulla (Jeanne-Le Ber)
- Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec Jacques Saada (Brossard—La Prairie)
- Minister of Foreign Affairs Pierre Pettigrew (Papineau)
- Minister for International Cooperation Aileen Carroll (Barrie)
- Government House Leader Tony Valeri (Hamilton East—Stoney Creek)
- President of the Treasury Board Reg Alcock (Winnipeg South)
- Minister of State (Families and Caregivers) Tony Ianno (Trinity—Spadina)
- Minister of State (Northern Development) Ethel Blondin-Andrew (Western Arctic)