Results of the Canadian federal election, 2008

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The 40th Canadian federal election was held on October 14, 2008.

The Conservative Party of Canada, led by Stephen Harper, won a minority government. The Conservatives won 143 seats. The Liberal Party of Canada, won 77 seats. The separatist Bloc Québécois won 49 seats and the social-democratic New Democratic Party won 37. Two independent candidates won a seat, one each in Nova Scotia and Quebec.

Rendition of party representation in the 40th Canadian parliament decided by this election.
  Conservatives (143)
  Liberals (77)
  Bloc Québécois (49)
  New Democrats (37)
  Independent (2)
National Results[1]
Party Seats Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 143 5,209,069 37.65
     Liberal 77 3,633,185 26.26
     Bloc Québécois 49 1,379,991 9.98
     New Democrats 37 2,515,288 18.18
     Independent 2 89,387 0.65
Green 0 937,613 6.78
     Christian Heritage 0 26,475 0.191
     Marxist-Leninist 0 8,565 0.062
     Libertarian 0 7,300 0.053
Progressive Canadian 0 5,860 0.042
     No Affiliation 0 5,457 0.039
     Communist 0 3,572 0.026
     Canadian Action 0 3,455 0.025
     Marijuana 0 2,298 0.0166
neorhino.ca 0 2,122 0.0153
  NL First 0 1,713 0.0124
First Peoples National 0 1,611 0.0116
Animal Alliance 0 527 0.0038
Work Less 0 425 0.0031
     Western Block 0 195 0.00141
People's Political Power 0 186 0.00134
Total 13,834,294 100.00%

Vote and seat summaries[edit]

Popular vote
Conservative
  
37.6%
Liberal
  
26.2%
NDP
  
18.2%
Bloc Québécois
  
10%
Green
  
6.8%
Others
  
1.2%


Seat totals
Conservative
  
46.43%
Liberal
  
25%
Bloc Québécois
  
15.9%
NDP
  
12%
Independents
  
0.65%

Gains, holds and losses[edit]

Canadian-Federal-2008.png

All four parties in the House gained at least one riding at the expense of other parties, and all of these parties also had at least one of their incumbents defeated. A total of 40 ridings (13.0%) switched parties in the election. The first table below summarizes the number of gains, holds and losses for each of the four parties, plus independents. The numbers in the second table indicate the number of seats gained by each party in listed in the left hand column from each party listed in the top row.

For each constituency, the result of the 2008 election is compared either with the 2006 federal election, or with the result of its by-election in seats for which one was held during the 39th Parliament. The effects of floor crossings are not considered - results in ridings where the incumbent crossed the floor are tallied as "gains" where the incumbent was re-elected for his new party and as "holds" where the incumbent's former party re-took the seat. To further clarify, David Emerson's former seat of Vancouver Kingsway is scored as an NDP gain from the Liberals and is not included in any part of the Conservatives' tally. Seats that were vacant at dissolution are also considered as being held by the last party elected in the district.

Gains, holds and losses in the 40th Canadian federal election
Party Seats (Diss.) Seats (2006) By-elections Gains Holds Losses Net change Seats (2008)
     Conservative 127 124 +2 23 120 6 +17 143
     Liberal 95 103 -2 5 72 29 -24 77
     Bloc Québécois 48 51 -1 1 48 2 -1 49
     New Democrat 30 29 +1 10 27 3 +7 37
     Independents 3 1 0 1 1 0 +1 2
Gains and losses between parties
Gainer/loser CON LIB BQ NDP IND Total gains
     Conservative - 21 0 2 0 23
     Liberal 2 - 2 1 0 5
     Bloc Québécois 1 0 - 0 0 1
     New Democrat 2 8 0 - 0 10
     Independent 1 0 0 0 - 1
     Total losses 6 29 2 3 0 40

Results by electoral district[edit]

Results by province[edit]

Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NU NT YT Total
     Conservative Seats: 22 27 13 9 51 10 6 3 1 0 1 - - 143
     Vote: 44.4 64.6 53.7 48.8 39.2 21.7 39.4 26.1 36.2 16.5 34.8 37.6 32.8 37.6
     Liberal Seats: 5 - 1 1 38 14 3 5 3 6 - - 1 77
     Vote: 19.3 11.4 14.9 19.1 33.8 23.7 32.4 29.8 47.7 46.6 34.8 13.6 45.3 26.2
     Bloc Québécois Seats:           49               49
     Vote:           38.1               10.0
     New Democrat Seats: 9 1 - 4 17 1 1 2 - 1 - 1 - 37
     Vote: 25.0 12.7 25.6 24.0 18.2 12.2 21.9 28.9 9.8 33.9 27.6 41.5 9.0 18.2
Green Vote: 9.4 8.8 5.6 6.8 8.0 3.5 6.2 8.0 4.7 1.7 8.4 5.5 13.0 6.8
     Independent / No affiliation Seats: 1 1         2
     Vote:     0.6   6.6;           0.7
     Total seats: 36 28 14 14 106 75 10 11 4 7 1 1 1 308

Atlantic provinces[edit]

The Liberals won 17 seats in the Atlantic Provinces, the Conservatives ten, the NDP four, and Independent one. This is a swing of 1 seat from the Liberals to each of the other parties.

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Buoyed by the so-called "ABC Campaign", spearheaded by popular Newfoundland and Labrador Premier Danny Williams, the Liberals won six seats and the NDP one. The Avalon and St. John's South—Mount Pearl seats changed hands from the Tories to the Liberals. The St. John's East seat changed from the Tories to NDP, as Norman Doyle retired. The change in Avalon was a crushing blow as the incumbent Fabian Manning was soundly defeated by the Liberals' Scott Andrews.

Results in Newfoundland and Labrador (Preliminary)[2]
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Votes  % +/-
     Liberal 6 1 91,025 46.75 +3.92
     N.D.P. 1 4 2 65,680 33.73 +20.16
     Conservative 2 5 32,261 16.57 -26.13
Green 5 1 3,259 1.67 +0.77
  NL First 1 1 1 1,713 0.88 *
Progressive Canadian 1 578 0.30 *
     Independent 1 179 0.09 *
Total 194,695 100%

Prince Edward Island[edit]

The three Liberal incumbents have been re-elected. In the fourth riding, Egmont, incumbent Liberal Joe McGuire retired, and the seat went to the Tories.

Results in Prince Edward Island
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Votes  % +/-
     Liberal 3 1 35,372 47.67
     Conservative 1 3 26,877 36.22
     N.D.P. 4 7,233 9.80
Green 3 1 3,488 4.70
     Independent 1 1,101 1.5
     Christian Heritage 1 124 0.2
Total 74,195 100%

Nova Scotia[edit]

All incumbents were re-elected, except in Halifax where the retiring Alexa McDonough was replaced by another New Democrat, Megan Leslie, and in West Nova the incumbent Liberal Robert Thibault was defeated by Tory Greg Kerr. Elizabeth May of the Green Party was defeated in the riding of Central Nova, which was a battle between her and incumbent cabinet minister Peter MacKay.

Results in Nova Scotia
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Votes  % +/-
     Liberal 5 2 2 1 130,038 29.8
     Conservative 3 3 5 113,799 26.1
     N.D.P. 2 5 4 126,127 28.9
     Independent 1 2 28,698 6.6
Green 1 9 35,022 8.0
     Christian Heritage 1 4 1,946 0.5
     Canadian Action 1 196 0.0
     Marxist-Leninist 1 182 0.0
Total 436,008 100%

New Brunswick[edit]

The Liberal Green Shift was most unpopular in New Brunswick. Three ridings previously held by the Liberals switched to the Tories; Fredericton, Miramichi, and Saint John. In the other seven ridings the incumbent was re-elected.

Results in New Brunswick
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 6 3 1 145,132 39.4
     Liberal 3 6 1 119,197 32.4
     N.D.P. 1 1 8 80,525 21.9
Green 10 22,683 6.2
     Marijuana 1 330 0.1
     Canadian Action 1 168 0.1
Total 368,035 100%

Quebec[edit]

The Bloc Québécois played obstruction in preventing the Conservatives from achieving a majority. Fifteen battleground ridings were in Quebec, with only three changing hands. The BQ lost the riding of Papineau to the Liberals, but gained the riding of Louis-Hébert from the Tories. A recent recount saw the Liberals take the riding of Brossard—La Prairie from the BQ, slightly strengthening their position.[3]

Results in Quebec
Party Seats Votes  % +/-
     Bloc Québécois 49 1,379,565 38.1
     Liberal 14 859,634 23.7
     Conservative 10 784,560 21.7
     N.D.P. 1 441,136 12.2
Green 0 126,299 3.5
     Independent 1 23,106 0.6
     Marxist-Leninist 0 2,753 0.1
neorhino.ca 0 2,263 0.0
     Communist 0 393 0.0
     Christian Heritage 0 265 0.0
     Marijuana 0 183 0.0
Total 3,620,362 100%

Ontario[edit]

Twenty battleground ridings were in Ontario alone, and the Conservatives took the ridings of Brant, Oakville, Huron—Bruce and Halton from the Liberals, where the NDP took Thunder Bay—Superior North, Thunder Bay—Rainy River, Algoma—Manitoulin—Kapuskasing, Sudbury and Nickel Belt from the Liberals. The Liberals themselves lost 16 seats in Ontario.

Results in Ontario (99.99% of polls)
Party Seats Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 51 2,019,362 39.2 +4.1
     Liberal 38 1,741,200 33.8 -6.1
     N.D.P. 17 938,400 18.2 +1.2
Green 0 411,444 8.0 +3.4
     Independent/No Affiliation 0 13,029 0.3 +0.14
     Christian Heritage 0 12,907 0.3
Progressive Canadian 0 4,911 0.1
     Marxist-Leninist 0 3,556 0.1
     Libertarian 0 3,212 0.1
     Communist 0 1,508 0.0
     Marijuana 0 1,448 0.0
     Canadian Action 0 1,165 0.0
First Peoples National 0 650 0.0
Animal Alliance 0 529 0.0
Total 5,153,321 100.0

Prairie provinces[edit]

Manitoba[edit]

Results in Manitoba
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 9 4 1 228,051 48.8
     NDP 4 5 4 1 112,247 24
     Liberal 1 5 7 1 89,313 19.1
Green 2 12 31,723 6.8
     Christian Heritage 10 4,189 0.9
     Independent 2 1 575 0.1
     Communist 1 1 1 394 0.1
First Peoples National 1 212 0.0
People's Political Power 2 185 0.0
Total 466,889 100%

Saskatchewan[edit]

All seats were retained by their incumbent parties. The closest race was Saskatoon—Rosetown—Biggar. There, the incumbent Carol Skelton did not seek reelection, giving the NDP high hopes that well-known farmers' activist Nettie Wiebe might re-establish a federal NDP presence in Parliament from the province. The seat was retained by Conservative Kelly Block in a close two-way race to keep the NDP shut out in Saskatchewan - despite the fact that their proportion of the popular vote there was in fact higher than any other province outside Atlantic Canada.

Results in Saskatchewan
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 13 1 224,927 53.7
     NDP 12 2 107,289 25.6
     Liberal 1 1 10 2 62,209 14.9
Green 2 12 23,279 5.6
     Christian Heritage 1 1 479 0.0
First Peoples National 1 282 0.0
     Canadian Action 1 169 0.0
     Independent/No Affiliation 1 134 0.0
     Libertarian 1 74 0.0
Total 418,842 100%

Alberta[edit]

Arguably the Conservatives' power base, Alberta's Tory incumbents were all re-elected except for the riding of Edmonton—Strathcona, which the NDP narrowly took that riding with 442 votes.

Results in Alberta
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 27 1 820,855 64.6
     N.D.P. 1 14 7 6 161,409 12.7
     Liberal 8 9 11 144,364 11.4
Green 4 11 11 2 111,505 8.8
     Independent 1 4 1 19,995 1.6
     No affiliation 1 4,837 0.4
     Christian Heritage 4 1 2 3,434 0.3
     Libertarian 3 1 1,184 0.1
     Canadian Action 2 1 1,051 0.1
     Marxist-Leninist 2 3 907 0.1
     Communist 2 509 0.0
First Peoples National 1 244 0.0
Total 1,270,294 100.0

British Columbia[edit]

The Conservatives regained the seats lost in the 2006 election and held on to seven of the ten battleground ridings. They took the ridings of West Vancouver—Sunshine Coast—Sea to Sky Country from the Greens and Richmond from the Liberals.

Results in British Columbia
Party Seats Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 22 796,757 44.4
     N.D.P. 9 467,335 26.1
     Liberal 5 346,795 19.3
Green 0 168,723 9.4
     Christian Heritage 0 3,378 0.2
     Independent/No Affiliation 0 3,123 0.0
     Libertarian 0 2,912 0.2
     Marxist-Leninist 0 1,355 0.0
     Communist 0 835 0.0
     Canadian Action 0 759 0.0
Progressive Canadian 0 425 0.0
Work Less 0 423 0.0
     Marijuana 0 358 0.0
     Western Block 0 195 0.0
Total 1,793,373 100%

Territories[edit]

Liberal candidate in the Yukon and the NDP candidate in Western Arctic (the Northwest Territories) won re-election.

However, in Nunavut the Liberal candidate Kirt Ejesiak was defeated by Conservative Leona Aglukkaq to give the modern Conservatives their first elected member from the territories.

Results in Nunavut
Party Seats Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 1 2,815 34.9
     Liberal 0 2,349 29.1
     N.D.P. 0 2,228 27.6
Green 0 669 8.3
Total 8,068 100%
Results in the Northwest Territories
Party Seats Votes  % +/-
     N.D.P. 1 5,669 41.4
     Conservative 0 5,146 37.6
     Liberal 0 1,858 13.6
Green 0 752 5.5
First Peoples National 0 252 1.8
Total 13,677 100%
Results in the Yukon
Party Seats Votes  % +/-
     Liberal 1 6,715 45.8
     Conservative 0 4,788 32.7
Green 0 1,881 12.8
     N.D.P. 0 1,276 8.7
Total 14,511 100%

Incumbent MPs defeated[edit]

Conservative gains[edit]

Liberal gains[edit]

NDP gains[edit]

Bloc Québécois gains[edit]

Open seat gains[edit]

Conservatives[edit]

Liberals[edit]

New Democrats[edit]

Defeated cabinet ministers and party leaders[edit]

Popular vote by province[edit]

Party Alberta British Columbia Manitoba New Brunswick Newfoundland and Labrador Northwest Territories Nova Scotia Nunavut Ontario Prince Edward Island Quebec Saskatchewan Yukon Total
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
     Conservative 820,855 64.6% 796,757 44.4% 228,051 48.8% 145,132 39.4% 32,304 16.5% 5,146 37,6% 113,799 26.1% 2,806 34.8% 2,019,362 39.2% 26,877 36.2% 784,560 21.7% 224,927 53.7% 4,758 32.8% 5,205,334 37.6%
     Liberal 144,364 11.4% 346,795 19.3% 89,313 19.1% 119,197 32.4% 91,084 46.6% 1,858 13.6% 139,038 29.8% 2,359 29.2% 1,741,200 33.8% 35,372 47.7% 859,634 23.7% 62,209 14.9% 6,567 45.3% 3,629,990 26.2%
     Bloc Québécois n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,379,565 38.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,379,565 10.0%
     New Democrats 161,409 12.7% 467,335 26.1% 112,247 24.0% 80,525 21.9% 66,171 33.9% 5,669 41.5% 126,127 28.9% 2,228 27.6% 938,400 18.2% 7,233 9.8% 441,136 12.2% 107,289 25.6% 1,306 9.0% 2,517,075 18.2%
Green 111,505 8.8% 168,723 9.4% 31,723 6.8% 22,683 6.2% 3,274 1,7% 752 5.5% 35,022 8.0% 675 8.4% 411,444 8.0% 3,488 4.7% 126,299 3.5% 23,279 5.6% 1,880 13.0% 940,747 6.8%
     Independents and no affiliation 19,995 1.6% 2,707 0.2% 575 0.1% n/a n/a 179 0.1% n/a n/a 28,698 6.6% n/a n/a 13,029 0.3% 1,101 1.5% 23,106 0.6% 134 0.0% n/a n/a 89,524 0.7%
     Christian Heritage 3,434 0.3% 3,378 0.2% 4,189 0.9% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,946 0.5% n/a n/a 12,907 0.3% 124 0.2% 265 0.0% 0.1% 479 n/a n/a 26,722 0.2%
     Marxist-Leninist 907 0.1% 1,355 0.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 182 0.0% n/a n/a 3,556 0.1% n/a n/a 2753 0.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a 8,753 0.1%
     Libertarian 1,184 0.1% 2,912 0.2% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3,212 0.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a 74 0.0% n/a n/a 7,382 0.1%
Progressive Canadian n/a n/a 425 0.0% n/a n/a n/a n/a 584 0.3% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4,911 0.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 5,920 0.0%
     Communist 509 0.0% 835 0.1% 394 0.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1.508 0.0% n/a n/a 393 0.0% n/a n/a n/a n/a 3,639 0.0%
     Canadian Action 1,051 0.1% 759 0.0% n/a n/a 168 0.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a 196 0.0% n/a n/a 1,165 0.0% n/a n/a n/a n/a 169 0.0% n/a n/a 3,508 0.0%
     Marijuana n/a n/a 358 0.0% n/a n/a 330 0.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,448 0.0% n/a n/a 183 0.0% n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,319 0.0%
neorhino.ca n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,263 0.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a 2,263 0.0%
  Newfoundland and Labrador First n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,801 0.9% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,801 0.0%
First Peoples National n/a n/a n/a n/a 212 0.1% n/a n/a n/a n/a 252 1.8% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 282 0.1% n/a n/a 1,640 0.0%
Animal Alliance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 529 0.0% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 529 0.0%
Work Less n/a n/a 423 0.0% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 423 0.0%
     Western Block n/a n/a 195 0.0% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 195 0.0%
People's Political Power n/a n/a n/a n/a 185 0.0% n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 185 0.0%
Total 1,270,294 - 1,793,373 - 466,889 - 368,035 - 195,397 - 13,677 - 43,008 - 8,068 - 5,153,321 - 74,195 - 3,620,362 - 418,842 - 14,511 - 13,832,972 -
Sources: Elections Canada

Voter turnout[edit]

Voter turnout was the lowest in Canadian election history, as 59.1% of the electorate cast a ballot.[6] All federally funded parties except for the Greens attracted fewer total votes than in 2006; the Greens received nearly 280,000 more votes this election. The Conservatives lost 167,494 votes, the Liberals 850,000, the Bloc 200,000 and the NDP 70,000.

Region Turnout (%)
Alberta 52.9
British Columbia 61.0
Manitoba 56.8
New Brunswick 62.8
Newfoundland and Labrador 48.1
Northwest Territories 48.6
Nova Scotia 60.7
Nunavut 49.4
Ontario 59.1
Prince Edward Island 69.5
Saskatchewan 59.4
Quebec 61.1
Yukon 63.7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]