Results of the Canadian federal election, 2011

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The 41st Canadian federal election was held on May 2, 2011. It resulted in a Conservative majority government under the leadership of Prime Minister Stephen Harper.[1] It was the third consecutive election win for Harper, and with 166 of 308 seats, they will have a majority government for the first time in their eight-year history. It will also be the first right-of-centre majority government since the Progressive Conservatives won their last majority in 1988.[2] The Conservative Party won 39.62% of the popular vote, an increase of 1.96%,[1] and posted a net gain of 24 seats in the House of Commons.[3]

The election resulted in significant upheaval within the opposition parties, as the New Democratic Party (NDP) rode an "orange surge" in the polls during the campaign to 103 seats, becoming Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition for the first time in party history.[4] The total eclipsed the party's previous best of 43 seats in 1988.[5] The Liberals however were reduced to third party status nationwide. They returned only 34 MPs, less than half of what they had at dissolution.[6] It was the first time in Canadian history that the Liberals were not one of the top two parties in the house.[7] Green Party leader Elizabeth May won in her riding, becoming the first Green Party candidate elected to a governmental body in Canada, and to a national body in North America.[8]

Following their staggering defeats, including losing their own seats, Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe and Liberal leader Michael Ignatieff both announced their resignations as party leaders.[6][9]

Vote total[edit]

Rendition of party representation in the 41st Canadian Parliament decided by this election.
  Conservatives (166)
  New Democrats (103)
  Liberals (34)
  Bloc Québécois (4)
  Green Party (1)
National Results (Preliminary)
Party Seats Votes  % +/-
Conservative 166 5,832,401 39.62 +1.97
New Democratic 103 4,508,474 30.63 +12.44
Liberal 34 2,783,175 18.91 -7.36
Bloc Québécois 4 889,788 6.04 -3.93
Green 1 576,221 3.91 -2.86
Independent 0 63,340 0.43 -0.22
Christian Heritage 0 19,218 0.131 -0.061
Marxist–Leninist 0 10,160 0.069 +0.007
No affiliation 0 9,391 0.064 +0.024
Libertarian 0 6,017 0.041 -0.012
Progressive Canadian 0 5,838 0.040 -0.003
Rhinoceros 0 3,819 0.026 +0.011
Pirate 0 3,198 0.022 *
Communist 0 2,925 0.020 -0.006
Canadian Action 0 2,030 0.0138 -0.0112
Marijuana 0 1,864 0.0127 -0.0039
Animal Alliance 0 1,451 0.0099 +0.0060
Western Block 0 748 0.0051 +0.0037
United 0 294 0.0020 *
First Peoples National 0 228 0.00155 -0.01010
Total 308 14,720,580 100.00
Popular support based on winning and losing candidates
(based on certified results - except Nunavut and Skeena-Bulkley Valley)
Party Winners Votes Party % Total % Losers Votes Party % Total %
Conservative 166 4,380,401 74.91% 58.98% 141 1,467,337 25.09% 20.11%
New Democratic 103 2,378,632 52.49% 32.03% 205 2,153,097 47.51% 29.50%
Liberal 34 571,379 20.52% 7.69% 274 2,213,095 79.48% 30.33%
Bloc Québécois 4 64,620 7.25% 0.87% 71 826,809 92.75% 11.33%
Green 1 31,890 5.56% 0.43% 303 541,318 94.44% 7.42%
Other 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 285 95,790 100.00% 1.31%
  Totals 308 7,426,922 50.44% 100.00% 1,279 7,297,446 49.56% 100.00%

Party summaries[edit]

Conservatives[edit]

The Conservatives, who had been leading in the polls since the writs were dropped, won 166 seats - enough for the first Conservative majority government since the Progressive Conservative-Canadian Alliance merger that formed the party in 2003. Notably, the Tories made significant inroads in Toronto, taking eight seats there. While the Tories had won a few seats in the Toronto suburbs since the PC-Canadian Alliance merger, this was the first time a right-of-centre party had won seats in the former Metro Toronto itself since the PC meltdown of 1993. Combined with their traditionally heavy support in the west, this was enough to win a 14-seat majority with 39.62 percent of the national popular vote - a result also notable for being the first time the modern Conservative party successfully polled a larger share of the vote than the combined tally of the PC and CA parties in the election preceding their merger.

Despite winning a majority government, the Conservatives lost over half their seats in Quebec to the NDP, retaining only five seats in that province.

New Democrats[edit]

The NDP had a major windfall, emerging as a truly national party for the first time in its 50-year history. They won 103 seats—more than double their previous high (when they won 43 seats in 1988). Much of this was due to a breakthrough in Quebec, a province where they had been more or less nonexistent for the better part of their history. From only one seat at dissolution, the NDP took 59 of 75 seats there, dominating Montreal and sweeping Quebec City and the Outaouais. By comparison, the NDP had only won one other seat in Quebec in its entire history prior to 2011 (and had held only one other seat, via a floor-crossing). It had not even been fully organized in the province since 1990, when its Quebec wing seceded to preach sovereigntism. The 59 seats won by the NDP in Quebec is the most won by any party in that province since the Progressive Conservatives won 63 seats there in 1988. In several cases, NDP candidates in Quebec won handily even though they didn't even actively campaign.

Among the new NDP MPs were several university students. Five members of the McGill University NDP club—Charmaine Borg, Matthew Dubé, Mylène Freeman, Laurin Liu, and Jamie Nicholls—were elected from Montreal-area ridings. Liu is the youngest woman ever elected to Parliament. Also elected was Pierre-Luc Dusseault, a freshman at the Université de Sherbrooke; his victory in Sherbrooke, Quebec makes him the youngest MP in Canadian history (he only turned 20 two days before he was sworn in).

However, they were unable to make much of an impact in their former western heartland. They actually lost Elmwood—Transcona, the former seat of longtime MP and former deputy leader Bill Blaikie, by only 300 votes.

Liberals[edit]

Winning only 34 seats, the Liberals suffered the worst result in their history. They will sit as the third party in the 41st Parliament, the first since Confederation where the Liberals will not form either the Government or the Official Opposition in the House of Commons. This was the worst showing for an incumbent Official Opposition party in terms of seats, and the lowest percentage for a national Official Opposition party (the Bloc Québécois in 1997 won more seats with a smaller vote share on account of its being a regional party).

The Liberals' poor showing was largely due to a collapse of their support in Montreal and Toronto, which had been the backbones of Liberal support for almost two decades. With few exceptions, their support in Toronto flowed to the Tories, while most of their base in Montreal switched to the NDP.

In 2008, they won 20 out of the 23 ridings fully or partially within Toronto. However, in 2011, they only won six, losing 6 to the NDP and 9 to the Conservatives. Additionally, after going into the election holding 30 of the 44 seats in the Greater Toronto Area, they only won seven in 2011.

In Montreal, the Liberals lost five of their 12 seats, and came close to losing several more. Most notably, they came within 2,500 votes of losing Mount Royal, long reckoned as the safest Liberal riding in the nation.

Liberal leader Michael Ignatieff lost his seat of Etobicoke—Lakeshore to first time challenger Bernard Trottier by a margin of 5.27% of the total votes. Other famous MP's who also lost their seats are Ken Dryden (York Centre), Dan McTeague (Pickering—Scarborough East), Gerard Kennedy (Parkdale—High Park), Ujjal Dosanjh (Vancouver South) and Joe Volpe (Eglinton—Lawrence).

All told, the Liberals only won 11 seats in Ontario (all but four in Toronto) and seven in Quebec (all in Montreal)—the fewest the party has ever won in either province. They will go into the next Parliament holding only four seats west of Ontario (Winnipeg North, Wascana, Vancouver Centre and Vancouver Quadra).

Bloc Québécois[edit]

The Bloc was practically eliminated from the scene, losing 43 seats. This reduced them to a rump of four seats, only a third of the number required for official party status. In many cases, they lost seats they held since their debut performance in 1993. Notably, they lost all but one seat in the Montreal area, including all of their seats in the traditionally sovereigntist eastern part of the city. They also lost all or most of their seats in their longstanding strongholds in the rest of the province, such as Quebec City and central Quebec. Several Bloc MPs who had never had serious difficulty being reelected ended up losing their seats in landslides. With few exceptions, their support bled over to the NDP. Bloc leader Gilles Duceppe, at the time the longest-tenured party leader in Canada, lost his seat in Laurier-Sainte-Marie to NDP challenger Hélène Laverdière.

Greens[edit]

Despite losing a significant share of the national vote compared to the 2008 election, Green Party leader Elizabeth May became the first Green Party member elected to the Canadian Parliament.

Vote and seat summaries[edit]

Popular vote
Conservative
  
39.62%
NDP
  
30.63%
Liberal
  
18.91%
Bloc Québécois
  
6.04%
Green
  
3.91%
Others
  
0.89%


Seat totals
Conservative
  
54.22%
NDP
  
33.12%
Liberal
  
11.04%
Bloc Québécois
  
1.30%
Green
  
0.32%

Gains, holds and losses[edit]

Gains, holds and losses in the 41st Canadian federal election
Party Seats (diss.) Seats (2011) Gains Holds Losses Net change
Conservative 143 166 31 135 8 +23
New Democratic 36 103 69 34 2 +67
Liberal 77 34 0 34 43 -43
Bloc Québécois 47 4 1 3 44 -43
Green 0 1 1 - - +1
Independent 2 0 0 0 2 -2
Total 305 308 102 206 99 +3
Gains and losses between parties
Gainer\loser CON NDP LIB BQ IND VAC Total gains
Conservative - 2 26 0 1 2 31
New Democratic 7 - 17 44 1 0 69
Liberal 0 0 - 0 0 0 0
Bloc Québécois 0 0 0 - 0 1 1
Green 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Total losses 8 2 43 44 2 3 102

Incumbents defeated[edit]

Liberal Party leader Michael Ignatieff lost his riding of Etobicoke—Lakeshore to Bernard Trottier, a Conservative,[10] and the following day he announced he would resign as Liberal leader. Gilles Duceppe, leader of the Bloc Québécois and incumbent in Laurier—Sainte-Marie was defeated by Hélène Laverdière of the NDP and announced his intention to resign as leader of the Bloc.[11]

Four Cabinet ministers, Lawrence Cannon (Foreign Affairs), Gary Lunn (Sport), Jean-Pierre Blackburn (Veterans Affairs and Agriculture), and Josée Verner (Intergovernmental Affairs and Francophonie) lost their seats. Lunn lost to Green Party leader Elizabeth May, and the NDP won the other three seats.[12]

Defeated incumbents and winners by province
British Columbia
Defeated incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Dhaliwal, SukhSukh Dhaliwal Liberal Sims, JinnyJinny Sims NDP Newton—North Delta
     Lunn, GaryGary Lunn Conservative May, ElizabethElizabeth May Green Saanich—Gulf Islands
     Cadman, DonaDona Cadman Conservative Sandhu, JasbirJasbir Sandhu NDP Surrey North
     Dosanjh, UjjalUjjal Dosanjh Liberal Young, WaiWai Young Conservative Vancouver South
Manitoba
Defeated incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Maloway, JimJim Maloway NDP      Toet, LawrenceLawrence Toet Conservative Elmwood—Transcona
     Neville, AnitaAnita Neville Liberal Bateman, JoyceJoyce Bateman Conservative Winnipeg South Centre
New Brunswick
Defeated incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     D'Amours, Jean-ClaudeJean-Claude D'Amours Liberal Valcourt, BernardBernard Valcourt Conservative Madawaska—Restigouche
     Murphy, BrianBrian Murphy Liberal Goguen, RobertRobert Goguen Conservative Moncton—Riverview—Dieppe
Newfoundland and Labrador
Defeated incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Russell, ToddTodd Russell Liberal Penashue, PeterPeter Penashue Conservative Labrador
     Coady, SiobhánSiobhán Coady Liberal Cleary, RyanRyan Cleary NDP St. John's South—Mount Pearl
Nova Scotia
Defeated incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Savage, MichaelMichael Savage Liberal Chisholm, RobertRobert Chisholm NDP Dartmouth—Cole Harbour
Ontario
Defeated incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Holland, MarkMark Holland Liberal Alexander, ChrisChris Alexander Conservative Ajax—Pickering
     Minna, MariaMaria Minna Liberal Kellway, MatthewMatthew Kellway NDP Beaches—East York
     Kania, AndrewAndrew Kania Liberal Seeback, KyleKyle Seeback Conservative Bramalea—Gore—Malton
     Malhi, Gurbax SinghGurbax Singh Malhi Liberal Gosal, BalBal Gosal Conservative Brampton West
     Dhalla, RubyRuby Dhalla Liberal Gill, ParmParm Gill Conservative Brampton—Springdale
     Silva, MarioMario Silva Liberal Cash, AndrewAndrew Cash NDP Davenport
     Ratansi, YasminYasmin Ratansi Liberal Daniel, JoeJoe Daniel Conservative Don Valley East
     Oliphant, RobRob Oliphant Liberal Carmichael, JohnJohn Carmichael Conservative Don Valley West
     Volpe, JoeJoe Volpe Liberal Oliver, JoeJoe Oliver Conservative Eglinton—Lawrence
     Wrzesnewskyj, BorysBorys Wrzesnewskyj Liberal Opitz, TedTed Opitz Conservative Etobicoke Centre
     Ignatieff, MichaelMichael Ignatieff Liberal Trottier, BernardBernard Trottier Conservative Etobicoke—Lakeshore
     Pearson, GlenGlen Pearson Liberal Truppe, SusanSusan Truppe Conservative London North Centre
     Bains, NavdeepNavdeep Bains Liberal Adams, EveEve Adams Conservative Mississauga—Brampton South
     Szabo, PaulPaul Szabo Liberal Ambler, StellaStella Ambler Conservative Mississauga South
     Crombie, BonnieBonnie Crombie Liberal Butt, BradBrad Butt Conservative Mississauga—Streetsville
     Rota, AnthonyAnthony Rota Liberal Aspin, JayJay Aspin Conservative Nipissing—Timiskaming
     Kennedy, GerardGerard Kennedy Liberal Nash, PeggyPeggy Nash NDP Parkdale—High Park
     McTeague, DanDan McTeague Liberal Chisu, CorneliuCorneliu Chisu Conservative Pickering—Scarborough East
     Wilfert, BryonBryon Wilfert Liberal Menegakis, CostasCostas Menegakis Conservative Richmond Hill
     Martin, TonyTony Martin NDP Hayes, BryanBryan Hayes Conservative Sault Ste. Marie
     Cannis, JohnJohn Cannis Liberal James, RoxanneRoxanne James Conservative Scarborough Centre
     Simson, MichelleMichelle Simson Liberal Harris, DanDan Harris NDP Scarborough Southwest
     Guergis, HelenaHelena Guergis Independent Leitch, KellieKellie Leitch Conservative Simcoe—Grey
     Hall Findlay, MarthaMartha Hall Findlay Liberal Leung, ChungsenChungsen Leung Conservative Willowdale
     Dryden, KenKen Dryden Liberal Adler, MarkMark Adler Conservative York Centre
     Tonks, AlanAlan Tonks Liberal Sullivan, MikeMike Sullivan NDP York South—Weston
Quebec
Defeated incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Lévesque, YvonYvon Lévesque Bloc Québécois Saganash, RomeoRomeo Saganash NDP Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou
     Lemay, MarcMarc Lemay Bloc Québécois Moore, ChristineChristine Moore NDP Abitibi—Témiscamingue
     Carrier, RobertRobert Carrier Bloc Québécois Doré Lefebvre, RosaneRosane Doré Lefebvre NDP Alfred-Pellan
     Laframboise, MarioMario Laframboise Bloc Québécois Freeman, MylèneMylène Freeman NDP Argenteuil—Papineau—Mirabel
     DeBellefeuille, ClaudeClaude DeBellefeuille Bloc Québécois Quach, Anne Minh-ThuAnne Minh-Thu Quach NDP Beauharnois—Salaberry
     Boucher, SylvieSylvie Boucher Conservative Côté, RaymondRaymond Côté NDP Beauport—Limoilou
     André, GuyGuy André Bloc Québécois Brosseau, Ruth EllenRuth Ellen Brosseau NDP Berthier—Maskinongé
     Mendès, AlexandraAlexandra Mendès Liberal Mai, HoangHoang Mai NDP Brossard—La Prairie
     Lessard, YvesYves Lessard Bloc Québécois Dubé, MatthewMatthew Dubé NDP Chambly—Borduas
     Petit, DanielDaniel Petit Conservative Day, Anne-MarieAnne-Marie Day NDP Charlesbourg—Haute-Saint-Charles
     Freeman, CaroleCarole Freeman Bloc Québécois Chicoine, SylvainSylvain Chicoine NDP Châteauguay—Saint-Constant
     Bouchard, RobertRobert Bouchard Bloc Québécois Morin, DanyDany Morin NDP Chicoutimi—Le Fjord
     Bonsant, FranceFrance Bonsant Bloc Québécois Rousseau, JeanJean Rousseau NDP Compton—Stanstead
     Pomerleau, RogerRoger Pomerleau Bloc Québécois Choquette, FrançoisFrançois Choquette NDP Drummond
     Nadeau, RichardRichard Nadeau Bloc Québécois Boivin, FrançoiseFrançoise Boivin NDP Gatineau
     Paillé, DanielDaniel Paillé Bloc Québécois Boutin-Sweet, MarjolaineMarjolaine Boutin-Sweet NDP Hochelaga
     Rodriguez, PabloPablo Rodriguez Liberal Ayala, PaulinaPaulina Ayala NDP Honoré-Mercier
     Proulx, MarcelMarcel Proulx Liberal Turmel, NycoleNycole Turmel NDP Hull—Aylmer
     St-Cyr, ThierryThierry St-Cyr Bloc Québécois Benskin, TyroneTyrone Benskin NDP Jeanne-Le Ber
     Paquette, PierrePierre Paquette Bloc Québécois Raynault, FrancineFrancine Raynault NDP Joliette
     Blackburn, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Blackburn Conservative Patry, ClaudeClaude Patry NDP Jonquière—Alma
     Zarac, LiseLise Zarac Liberal LeBlanc, HélèneHélène LeBlanc NDP LaSalle—Émard
     Deschamps, JohanneJohanne Deschamps Bloc Québécois Morin, Marc-AndréMarc-André Morin NDP Laurentides—Labelle
     Duceppe, GillesGilles Duceppe Bloc Québécois Laverdière, HélèneHélène Laverdière NDP Laurier—Sainte-Marie
     Demers, NicoleNicole Demers Bloc Québécois Nunez-Melo, JoséJosé Nunez-Melo NDP Laval
     Dorion, JeanJean Dorion Bloc Québécois Nantel, PierrePierre Nantel NDP Longueuil—Pierre-Boucher
     Paillé, Pascal-PierrePascal-Pierre Paillé Bloc Québécois Blanchette, DenisDenis Blanchette NDP Louis-Hébert
     Verner, JoséeJosée Verner Conservative Latendresse, AlexandrineAlexandrine Latendresse NDP Louis-Saint-Laurent
     Asselin, GérardGérard Asselin Bloc Québécois Genest-Jourdain, JonathanJonathan Genest-Jourdain NDP Manicouagan
     Gaudet, RogerRoger Gaudet Bloc Québécois Perreault, ManonManon Perreault NDP Montcalm
     Généreux, BernardBernard Généreux Conservative Lapointe, FrançoisFrançois Lapointe NDP Montmagny—L'Islet—Kamouraska—Rivière-du-Loup
     Guimond, MichelMichel Guimond Bloc Québécois Tremblay, JonathanJonathan Tremblay NDP Montmorency—Charlevoix—Haute-Côte-Nord
     Jennings, MarleneMarlene Jennings Liberal Morin, IsabelleIsabelle Morin NDP Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine
     Patry, BernardBernard Patry Liberal Blanchette-Lamothe, LysaneLysane Blanchette-Lamothe NDP Pierrefonds—Dollard
     Cannon, LawrenceLawrence Cannon Conservative Ravignat, MathieuMathieu Ravignat NDP Pontiac
     Arthur, AndréAndré Arthur Independent Michaud, ÉlaineÉlaine Michaud NDP Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier
     Gagnon, ChristianeChristiane Gagnon Bloc Québécois Papillon, AnnickAnnick Papillon NDP Québec
     Dufour, NicolasNicolas Dufour Bloc Québécois Larose, Jean-FrançoisJean-François Larose NDP Repentigny
     Guimond, ClaudeClaude Guimond Bloc Québécois Caron, GuyGuy Caron NDP Rimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata—Les Basques
     Desnoyers, LucLuc Desnoyers Bloc Québécois Liu, LaurinLaurin Liu NDP Rivière-des-Mille-Îles
     Guay, MoniqueMonique Guay Bloc Québécois Dionne Labelle, PierrePierre Dionne Labelle NDP Rivière-du-Nord
     Bigras, BernardBernard Bigras Bloc Québécois Boulerice, AlexandreAlexandre Boulerice NDP Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie
     Lavallée, CaroleCarole Lavallée Bloc Québécois Sellah, DjaouidaDjaouida Sellah NDP Saint-Bruno—Saint-Hubert
     Thi Lac, Ève-Mary ThaïÈve-Mary Thaï Thi Lac Bloc Québécois Morin, Marie-ClaudeMarie-Claude Morin NDP Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot
     Bachand, ClaudeClaude Bachand Bloc Québécois Brahmi, TarikTarik Brahmi NDP Saint-Jean
     Beaudin, JoséeJosée Beaudin Bloc Québécois Groguhé, SadiaSadia Groguhé NDP Saint-Lambert
     Laforest, Jean-YvesJean-Yves Laforest Bloc Québécois St-Denis, LiseLise St-Denis NDP Saint-Maurice—Champlain
     Vincent, RobertRobert Vincent Bloc Québécois Genest, RéjeanRéjean Genest NDP Shefford
     Cardin, SergeSerge Cardin Bloc Québécois Dusseault, Pierre-LucPierre-Luc Dusseault NDP Sherbrooke
     Bourgeois, DianeDiane Bourgeois Bloc Québécois Borg, CharmaineCharmaine Borg NDP Terrebonne—Blainville
     Brunelle, PaulePaule Brunelle Bloc Québécois Aubin, RobertRobert Aubin NDP Trois-Rivières
     Faille, MeiliMeili Faille Bloc Québécois Nicholls, JamieJamie Nicholls NDP Vaudreuil-Soulanges
     Malo, LucLuc Malo Bloc Québécois Hassainia, SanaSana Hassainia NDP Verchères—Les Patriotes
Yukon
Defeated incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Bagnell, LarryLarry Bagnell Liberal Leef, RyanRyan Leef Conservative Yukon

Open seats[edit]

The Bloc gained Haute-Gaspésie—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia by the largest margin of victory of their four seats won and vacated by a long-standing member of the Bloc Québécois.

The Conservatives gained Calgary Centre-North and Prince George—Peace River, both vacated by long-standing Conservatives.

Seats that changed hands through vacancies at dissolution or retirements
Alberta
Outgoing incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Vacant Michelle Rempel Conservative Calgary Centre-North
     Rick Casson Conservative Jim Hillyer Conservative Lethbridge
British Columbia
Outgoing incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Bill Siksay NDP Kennedy Stewart NDP Burnaby—Douglas
     Chuck Strahl Conservative Mark Strahl Conservative Chilliwack—Fraser Canyon
     John Cummins Conservative Kerry-Lynne Findlay Conservative Delta—Richmond East
     Keith Martin Liberal Randall Garrison NDP Esquimalt—Juan de Fuca
     Jim Abbott Conservative Dan Albas Conservative Kootenay—Columbia
     Stockwell Day Conservative David Wilks Conservative Okanagan—Coquihalla
     Vacant Bob Zimmer Conservative Prince George—Peace River
New Brunswick
Outgoing incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Greg Thompson Conservative John Williamson Conservative New Brunswick Southwest
Ontario
Outgoing incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Peter Milliken Liberal Ted Hsu Liberal Kingston and the Islands
     Albina Guarnieri Liberal Wladyslaw Lizon Conservative Mississauga East—Cooksville
     Derek Lee Liberal Rathika Sitsabaiesan NDP Scarborough—Rouge River
Prince Edward Island
Outgoing incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Shawn Murphy Liberal Sean Casey Liberal Charlottetown
Quebec
Outgoing incumbent Affiliation Winner Affiliation Electoral district
     Christian Ouellet Bloc Québécois Pierre Jacob NDP Brome—Missisquoi
     Raynald Blais Bloc Québécois Philip Toone NDP Gaspésie—Îles-de-la-Madeleine
     Vacant Jean-François Fortin Bloc Québécois Haute-Gaspésie—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia
     Francine Lalonde Bloc Québécois Ève Péclet NDP La Pointe-de-l'Île
     Raymonde Folco Liberal François Pilon NDP Laval—Les Îles
     Serge Ménard Bloc Québécois Alain Giguère NDP Marc-Aurèle-Fortin

Results by province[edit]

Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL YT NT NU Total
     Conservative Seats: 21 27 13 11 73 5 8 4 1 1 1 0 1 166
Vote: 45.5 66.8 56.3 53.5 44.4 16.5 43.9 36.7 41.2 28.4 33.8 32.1 49.9 39.6
     New Democrats Seats: 12 1 0 2 22 59 1 3 0 2 0 1 0 103
Vote: 32.5 16.8 32.3 25.8 25.6 42.9 29.8 30.3 15.4 32.6 14.4 45.8 19.4 30.6
     Liberal Seats: 2 0 1 1 11 7 1 4 3 4 0 0 0 34
Vote: 13.4 9.3 8.6 16.6 25.3 14.2 22.6 28.9 41.0 37.9 33.0 18.4 28.7 18.9
     Bloc Québécois Seats: 4 4
Vote: 23.4 6.0
     Green Seats: 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Vote: 7.7 5.3 2.7 3.6 3.8 2.1 3.2 4.0 2.4 0.9 18.9 3.1 2.0 3.9
     Independent and no affiliation Vote: 0.2 1.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.4
     Total seats 36 28 14 14 106 75 10 11 4 7 1 1 1 308

British Columbia[edit]

Results in British Columbia
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 21 13 2 -1
     New Democrats 12 19 5 +3
     Liberal 2 4 23 7 -3
Green 1 6 29 +1
     Christian Heritage 3 3
     Independent and
no Affiliation
9 2
     Libertarian 6 2
     Marxist-Leninist 5 3
     Communist 3
     Canadian Action 2
Progressive Canadian 1 1
     Western Block 1
Pirate 3
Rhinoceros
Total 36 100.0

Prairie provinces[edit]

Alberta[edit]

Results in Alberta
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 27 1 -
     New Democrats 1 23 4 -
     Liberal 0 3 15 10
Green 0 0 9 18 1
     Independent 0 1 5
     Christian Heritage 0 0 5 2
     Canadian Action 0 0 1
     Marxist-Leninist 0 0 3 2
     Communist 0 0 1 1
Pirate 0 0 2
     Western Block 0 0 2
Rhinoceros 0 0 1
Progressive Canadian 0 0 1
Total 28 100.0

Saskatchewan[edit]

Results in Saskatchewan
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 13 1 0 0 0 -
     Liberal 1 0 13 0 0 -
     New Democrats 0 13 1 0 0
Green 0 0 0 14 0
     Canadian Action 0 0 0 0 1
     Independent 0 0 0 0 2
Total 14 100.0

Manitoba[edit]

Results in Manitoba
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 11 2 1 0 0 0 +2
     New Democrats 2 9 3 0 0 0 -2
     Liberal 1 3 9 1 0 0 -
Green 0 0 1 13 0 0
     Christian Heritage 0 0 0 0 2 0
     Independent 0 0 0 0 2 2
     Communist 0 0 0 0 2 0
Pirate 0 0 0 0 0 1
Total 14 100.0

Ontario[edit]

Results in Ontario
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 73 24 9 0 0 0 +22
     New Democrats 22 34 50 0 0 0 +5
     Liberal 11 46 46 3 0 0 -27
Green 0 1 0 100 2 0
     Independent and
no Affiliation
0 1 1
     Christian Heritage 0 0 0 0 21 2
Progressive Canadian 0 0 0 0 6 2
     Marxist-Leninist 0 0 0 0 17 6
     Libertarian 0 0 0 1 11 2
     Communist 0 0 0 0 3 3
     Marijuana 1
     Canadian Action
First Peoples National 0 0 0 0 1 0
Animal Alliance 0 0 0 0 3 2
Pirate 0 0 0 0 1 1
United 0 0 0 0 2 1
Total 106 100.0

Quebec[edit]

Results in Quebec
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Votes  % +/-
     New Democrats 59 14 2 0 0 0 +58
     Liberal 7 10 23 35 0 0 -7
     Conservative 5 8 32 28 1 0 -5
     Bloc Québécois 4 42 17 11 1 0 -45
Green 0 0 0 1 73 1
     Independent and
no affiliation
0 1 1 0 0 4
     Marxist-Leninist 0 0 0 0 0 14
Rhinoceros 0 0 0 0 0 10
     Christian Heritage 0 0 0 0 0 5
     Communist 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pirate 0 0 0 0 0 1 369
     Canadian Action 0 0 0 0 0 1 250
Total 75 100.0

Atlantic provinces[edit]

New Brunswick[edit]

Results in New Brunswick
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 8 2 0 0 0 +2
     Liberal 1 2 7 0 0 -2
     New Democrats 1 6 3 0 0 -
Green 0 0 0 8 1
     Marxist-Leninist
     Christian Heritage 0 0 0 0 1
Total 10 100.0

Nova Scotia[edit]

Results in Nova Scotia
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Fifth Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 4 5 2 0 0 +1
     Liberal 4 3 4 0 0 -1
     New Democrats 3 3 5 0 0 +1
Green 0 0 0 11 0
     Christian Heritage 0 0 0 0 1
     Marxist-Leninist 0 0 0 0 1
Total 11 100.0

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Results in Prince Edward Island
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Votes  % +/-
     Liberal 3 1 0 0 -
     Conservative 1 3 0 0 -
     New Democrats 0 0 4 0 -
Green 0 0 0 4
     Christian Heritage 0 0 0 0
Total 4 100.0

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Results in Newfoundland and Labrador (Preliminary)
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Votes  % +/-
     Liberal 4 2 1 0 -2
     New Democrats 2 0 5 0 +1
     Conservative 1 5 1 0 +1
Green 0 0 0 5
     Independent 0 0 0 2
Total 7 100.0

Results by territory[edit]

Results in the Yukon
Party Seats Second Third Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 1 5,422 33.8 +1.1
     Liberal 1 5,290 32.9 -12.9
Green 1 3,037 18.9 +6.1
     New Democrats 2,308 14.4 +5.7
Total 1 16,057 100.0
Results in the Northwest Territories
Party Seats Second Third Fourth Votes  % +/-
     New Democrats 1 7,140 45.8 +4.3
     Conservative 1 5,001 32.1 -5.5
     Liberal 1 2,872 18.4 +4.8
Green 1 477 3.1 -2.4
Animal Alliance 87 0.6 +0.6
Total 1 15,577 100.0
Results in Nunavut
Party Seats Second Third Votes  % +/-
     Conservative 1 3,930 49.9 +15.0
     Liberal 1 2,260 28.7 -0.4
     New Democrats 1 1,525 19.4 -8.2
Green 160 2.0 -6.3
Total 1 7,875 100.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "PM returns to Ottawa after majority win". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. May 3, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  2. ^ Maher, Stephen (May 3, 2011). "Harper delivers Conservatives’ first majority since 1988". Halifax Chronicle-Herald. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  3. ^ Cheadle, Bruce (May 3, 2011). "Harper finally wins Conservative majority, NDP makes huge gain". 660news.com. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  4. ^ Clark, Campbell (May 3, 2011). "Layton gears up for new gig as prime minister in waiting". Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  5. ^ Young, Leslie (May 3, 2011). "NDP wins record number of seats". Global TV Toronto. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Taber, Jane (May 3, 2011). "Ignatieff resigns after Liberal defeat". Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  7. ^ De Souza, Mike (May 3, 2011). "Liberal insiders say party must take long look in mirror". Canada.com. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  8. ^ Hartnett, Cindy (May 3, 2011). "May breaks through as first Green MP". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  9. ^ Leblanc, Daniel (May 2, 2011). "Duceppe resigns as Bloc leader after losing riding". Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Ignatieff's Liberals lose Official Opposition stats". CBC News. May 2, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Duceppe quits after BQ crushed in Quebec". CBC News. May 2, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Major players fall like bowling pins before Tory, NDP surges". Canadian Press. May 3, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.