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Resuscitation is a term describing the process of correcting physiological disorders in an acutely unwell patient. It is an important part of intensive care medicine, trauma surgery and emergency medicine.


System Example causes Biomarker Treatment
Hypoperfusion (Circulatory shock) Haemorrhagic shock Hypovolemia (Hypovolemic shock) Intravascular volume status (Preload) Heart rate (Tachycardia) / Systolic blood pressure (Hypotension) / Decreased urine output Intravenous fluid / Intraosseous infusion / Blood transfusion
Cardiogenic shock Cardiac output Positive inotropic agents / Chronotropes
Distributive shock Sepsis (Septic shock) Vascular permeability Vasopressors
Neurogenic shock Total peripheral resistance
Obstructive shock Cardiac tamponade
Pulmonary embolism
Acid–base imbalance Acidosis pH
Gas exchange (Respiratory failure) Hypercapnia PaCO2
Hypoxia PaO2
Altered level of consciousness Coma Glasgow Coma Scale
Blood sugar regulation Hyperglycemia Blood sugar
Electrolyte imbalance Hyperkalemia Serum potassium

See also[edit]