Resuscitation

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Resuscitation is a term describing the process of correcting physiological disorders in an acutely unwell patient. It is an important part of intensive care medicine, trauma surgery and emergency medicine.

Variables[edit]

System Example causes Biomarker Treatment
Hypoperfusion (Circulatory shock) Haemorrhagic shock Hypovolemia (Hypovolemic shock) Intravascular volume status (Preload) Heart rate (Tachycardia) / Systolic blood pressure (Hypotension) / Decreased urine output Intravenous fluid / Intraosseous infusion / Blood transfusion
Cardiogenic shock Cardiac output Positive inotropic agents / Chronotropes
Distributive shock Sepsis (Septic shock) Vascular permeability Vasopressors
Neurogenic shock Total peripheral resistance
Obstructive shock Cardiac tamponade Beck's triad Pericardiocentesis/Thoracotomy with pericardial window
Tension pneumothorax Thoracentesis/Chest drain
Pulmonary embolism Thrombolysis/Embolectomy
Acid–base imbalance Acidosis pH
Alkalosis
Gas exchange (Respiratory failure) Hypercapnia PaCO2
Hypoxia PaO2
Altered level of consciousness Coma Narcosis (Drug overdose) / Stroke (Intracranial hemorrhage) Glasgow Coma Scale
Blood sugar regulation Hyperglycemia Blood sugar
Hypoglycemia
Electrolyte imbalance Hyperkalemia Serum potassium
Hypokalemia

See also[edit]