Reszel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Reszel
Zamek Reszel.jpg
Reszel - Widok z zamku na miasto i fare 020.jpgReszel-zamek2.JPG
Reszel
The castle and church
Flag of Reszel
Flag
Coat of arms of Reszel
Coat of arms
Reszel is located in Poland
Reszel
Reszel
Coordinates: 54°3′8″N 21°8′41″E / 54.05222°N 21.14472°E / 54.05222; 21.14472
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Kętrzyn
Gmina Reszel
Area
 • Total 3.82 km2 (1.47 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 4,896
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Postal code 11-440
Website http://www.reszel.pl/

Reszel [ˈrɛʂɛl] ( ) (German: Rößel; Prussian: Resel or Resl) is a town in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northeastern Poland.

A small town of Warmia, with a long history, many historical monuments and various tourist attractions, as of December 31, 2012, the city's population was 4896. The gothic Castle and the medieval city center surrounded by brick defense walls are very popular among tourists.

The town is sometimes referred to as the city of witches, because of the events that happened in the early 19th century. The last burning of witches at stake in Europe took place here in 1811. The victim was Barbara Zdunk. She was accused not only of witchcraft, but above all else for setting the castle alight in 1807. The trial lasted three years. The case was controversial, however the court approved the verdict in Konigsberg and she was sentenced to burn, but was strangled before the process.

History[edit]

Middle ages[edit]

Reszel was originally a settlement built by the Bartian tribe of Old Prussians and conquered by the Teutonic Knights in 1241. The native Prussians later recaptured the settlement and held it for five years, but were eventually defeated by the German crusaders. Reszel received its town privileges in 1337 under Magdeburg law.

20th century[edit]

As a result of the treaty of Versailles on 11 July 1920 the Warmia and Masuria plebiscite was organized under the control of the League of nations, which resulted 97,90% of votes to remain in Germany and 2,10% for Poland.

The town was transferred from Germany after WWII to Poland following the Potsdam Conference of 1945.

Tourist attractions[edit]

The main tourist attraction is the Gothic Episcopal castle. It was built 1350−1401 on a steep hill side above the right bank of the river Sajna by the Teutonic Order.

The Gothic St Peter's Church dating back to the 14th century boasts the painting of the church's patron dating back to the end of the 18th century. Other worthy of note buildings are the Jesuit complex, St John's Church and the church and convent of the nuns of the Order of St Catherine − all from the 15th and the 16th century. Large fragments of preserved defensive walls and the Classicist town hall in the market square dating back to the 19th century are also worth visiting.

Near Reszel is the Catholic shrine of Święta Lipka (German: Heiligelinde), a baroque church and Late Medieval shrine augmented in the 17th century. Since its beginning it has attracted German pilgrims from Warmia, as well as Polish and Lithuanian pilgrims.

Images[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°03′N 21°09′E / 54.050°N 21.150°E / 54.050; 21.150