View of Rethymno
|Mayor:||Giorgos Marinakis (PASOK)|
|Population statistics (as of 2001)|
|- Area:||397.5 km2 (153 sq mi)|
|- Density:||138 /km2 (358 /sq mi)|
|- Area:||126.5 km2 (49 sq mi)|
|- Density:||282 /km2 (731 /sq mi)|
|Time zone:||EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)|
|Elevation (min-max):||0–15 m (0–49 ft)|
|Postal code:||741 00|
Rethymno (Greek: Ρέθυμνο, [ˈreθimno], also Rethimno, Rethymnon, Réthymnon, and Rhíthymnos) is a city of approximately 40,000 people in Greece, the capital of Rethymno regional unit on the island of Crete. It was built in antiquity (ancient Rhithymna and Arsinoe), but was never a competitive Minoan centre. It was, however, strong enough to mint its own coins and maintain urban growth. One of these coins is today depicted as the crest of the town with two dolphins in a circle.
This region as a whole is rich with ancient history, most notably through the Minoan civilisation centred at Kydonia east of Rethymno. Rethymno itself began a period of growth when the Venetian conquerors of the island decided to put an intermediate commercial station between Heraklion and Chania, acquiring its own bishop and nobility in the process. Today's old town (palia poli) is almost entirely built by the Venetians. It is one of the best preserved old towns in Crete.
The town still maintains its old aristocratic appearance, with its buildings dating from the 16th century, arched doorways, stone staircases, Byzantine and Hellenic-Roman remains, the small Venetian harbour and narrow streets. The Venetian Loggia houses the information office of the Ministry of Culture. A Wine Festival is held there annually at the beginning of July. Another festival, in memory of the destruction of the Arkadi Monastery, is held on 7–8 November.
The city's Venetian-era citadel, the Fortezza, is one of the best-preserved castles in Crete. Other monuments include the Neratze mosque (the Municipal Odeon arts centre), the Great Gate (Μεγάλη Πόρτα, Porta Guora), the Piazza Rimondi (Rimondi square) and the Venetian Loggia.
During the Battle of Crete (20–30 May 1941), the Battle of Rethymno was fought between German paratroopers and Australian and Greek forces. Although initially unsuccessful, the Germans won the battle after receiving reinforcements from Maleme in the Northwestern part of the island
Today the city's main income is from tourism, many new facilities having been built in the past 20 years. Agriculture is also notable, especially for olive oil and other Mediterranean products. It is also the base of the Philosophical School and the University Library of the University of Crete and the School of Social and Political Sciences having 8.000 students on its university campus per annum at "Galos", where the Academic Institute of Mediterranean Studies is situated.
The municipality Rethymno was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units:
- Population of Rethymno 
|Megalo Metochi (Risvan)||-||33||25||-||6||28||29|
Rethymno is home to the following museums:
- Archaeological Museum of Rethymno
- Historical and Folklore Museum of Rethymno
- Municipal Gallery "L. Kanakakis"
- The Frantzeskaki Collection
- Museum of Sea Life at Rethymno
Pandelis Prevelakis wrote Το χρονικό μιας πολιτείας (1937), The Chronicle of my Town, a nostalgic depiction of Rethymno from the period of the Cretan State (1898) to the expulsion of the Cretan Turks (1924).
- Georgios Chortatzis (1545–1610), dramatist in Cretan verse
- Ahmed Resmî Efendi (1700–1783), Ottoman statesman, author and ambassador
- Nick Dandolos (1883–1966), professional poker player
- Emetullah Rabia Gülnuş Sultan (1642–1715), valide sultan
- Marcus Musurus (1470–1517), scholar and philosopher
- Pandelis Prevelakis (1909–1986), writer
- Nikolaos Sifounakis (born 1949), Greek politician
- Manolis Xexakis (born 1949), poet and writer
Rethymno is twinned with:
Eleftherios Venizelos statue
- De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003.
- C. Michael Hogan, Cydonia, The Modern Antiquarian, Jan. 23, 2008
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
- Hellenic Statistical Authority, Digital Library (ELSAT), Census (Greek and English)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rethymno.|
- Prefecture of Rethymno - Official website
- Rethymno The Official website of the Greek National Tourism Organisation