Retired numbers in association football

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Association football clubs around the world sometimes retire squad numbers to recognise players' loyal service, sometimes as a memorial after their death.

Background[edit]

This practice, long established in the major North American sports, is a recent development in football since squad numbers for specific players were not widely used until the 1990s. Before then, it was typical for players in the starting lineup to be issued numbers 1 to 11 by formation/position on a match-by-match basis, and substitutes to be numbered from 12 upwards, meaning a player might wear different numbers during the season if they were to play in different positions for tactical reasons, or simply not be a regular in the starting lineup.

Retiring a player's number usually occurs after the player has left the team or retired. It honours a player who has meant so much to his club that they retire the shirt number that the player wore during their time there, meaning no other player is permitted to use that number in the future. In some cases, such as those of Jason Mayélé, Vittorio Mero, Marc-Vivien Foé, Miklós Fehér, Ray Jones, Dylan Tombides, François Sterchele, David di Tommaso, Antonio Puerta, Besian Idrizaj, and Piermario Morosini, numbers have been retired to posthumously honour a player who died while still active. Also, Norwegian club Fredrikstad retired Dagfinn Enerly's number following an on-pitch accident that left him paralysed. In Britain, only Bobby Moore's shirt number has been retired due to great service to the club as opposed to a tragic incident. Although it has not been officially retired, Gianfranco Zola's No. 25 shirt has not been reissued by Chelsea since he left the club in 2003.

The Argentina and Cameroon national teams have been prevented from retiring the numbers of Diego Maradona (10) and Marc-Vivien Foé (17) respectively, by FIFA rules dealing with squad numbers for Finals tournaments; in other competitions or friendlies, national associations may assign numbers according to criteria of their choosing. Similarly, several clubs have been required to reissue retired numbers for continental club competitions due to squad numbering rules of continental confederations. For example, CAF and CONMEBOL have such rules in their club competitions, but CONCACAF does not.

Some South American teams (such as Universitario de Deportes or Flamengo, and even Mexican teams invited for the occasions) have occasionally had to re-issue their retired numbers for special cases due to CONMEBOL rules, which state that shirts must be numbered 1–25 in continental club competitions (such as Copa Libertadores, Copa Sudamericana, amongst others).

Retired numbers[edit]

Team No. Player Pos. Career Notes
Slovakia Spartak Trnava 9 Slovakia Ladislav Kuna Midfielder 1964–1980 posthumous
Austria SK Rapid Vienna 5 Austria Peter Schöttel Defender 1986–2001
Serbia and Montenegro Radnički Niš 10 Serbia and Montenegro Ivan "Beli" Krstić Midfielder (football) 2000 posthumous
South Africa Orlando Pirates 22 South Africa Lesley Manyathela Forward 2000–2003 posthumous
Maldives VB Addu FC 7 Maldives Ali Ashfaq Forward 2008–2011
Austria SK Sturm Graz 3 Austria Günther Neukirchner Defender 1989–2006
Austria SK Sturm Graz 7 Austria Mario Haas Striker 1993-2012
Austria SV Ried 27 Austria Sanel Kuljic Striker 2003–2006
Egypt Al Ahly 3 Egypt Mohamed Abdelwahab Defender 2004–2006 posthumous
Cyprus Anorthosis Famagusta 14 Georgia (country) Temuri Ketsbaia Midfielder 1991–1994, 2002–2009
Switzerland FC Basel 2 Switzerland Massimo Ceccaroni Defender 1987–2002
Switzerland FC St. Gallen 17 Switzerland Marc Zellweger Defender 1994–2001, 2003–2010
Belgium Club Brugge 23 Belgium François Sterchele Striker 2007–2008 posthumous
Belgium UR Namur 3 Belgium Michel Soulier Defender 1967–1977 posthumous
Canada Montreal Impact 20 Canada Mauro Biello Forward 1993–1998, 2000–2009
Chile Cobreloa 8 Chile Fernando Cornejo Midfielder 1992–1997, 2000–2004 posthumous
China Chengdu Blades 18 China Yao Xia Striker 2005–2010
England Aston Villa 19 Bulgaria Stiliyan Petrov Midfielder 2006–2013
England Chesterfield 14 England Jack Lester Striker 2007-2013
Morocco Raja Casablanca 23 Morocco Zakaria Zerouali Defender 2011
China Dalian Shide 26 China Zhang Yalin Midfielder 2000–2009 posthumous
Costa Rica Liga Deportiva Alajuelense 20 Costa Rica Mauricio Montero Defender 1985–1997
Costa Rica Cartaginés 11 Costa Rica Leonel Hernández Winger 1957–1977
Costa Rica Cartaginés 18 Uruguay Claudio Ciccia Forward 2002–2004, 2005
Czech Republic Dynamo České Budějovice 8 Czech Republic Karel Poborský Midfielder 1991–1994, 2005–2007
Bulgaria Lokomotiv Plovdiv 8 Bulgaria Hristo Bonev Midfielder 1963–1967, 1968–1979, 1982–1984
Denmark AaB 12 Denmark Torben Boye Defender 1984–2002
Denmark FC Nordsjælland 26 Denmark Jonathan Richter Midfielder 2005–2009
Denmark Næstved BK 7 Denmark Rasmus Green Midfielder 2005–2006 posthumous
Denmark Viborg FF 22 Denmark Søren Frederiksen Striker 1989–1994, 1998, 2001–2005
El Salvador FAS 10 El Salvador Mágico González Forward 1977–1982, 1991–1999
England Hartlepool United 25 England Michael Maidens[1] Midfielder 2004–2007 posthumous
England Queens Park Rangers 31 England Ray Jones[1] Forward 2006–2007 posthumous
England Rushden & Diamonds 1 England Dale Roberts[2] Goalkeeper 2008–2010 posthumous
England AFC Rushden & Diamonds 1 England Dale Roberts[3] Goalkeeper - posthumous
England West Ham United 6 England Bobby Moore[1] Centre back 1958–1974 posthumous
England West Ham United 38 Australia Dylan Tombides[4] Striker 2010–2014 posthumous
England Wycombe Wanderers 14 England Mark Philo[1] Midfielder 2004–2006 posthumous
England Macclesfield Town 21 England Richard Butcher[5] Midfielder 2010–2011 posthumous
England Manchester City 23 Cameroon Marc-Vivien Foé[1] Midfielder 2002–2003 posthumous
Spain Reus Deportiu 7 Spain Jordi Pitarque Midfielder 2009–2010 posthumous
France Lens 17 Cameroon Marc-Vivien Foé Midfielder 1995–1999 posthumous
France Clermont 14 France Clément Pinault Defender 2008–2009 posthumous
France Sedan 29 France David di Tommaso Centre back 2000–2004 posthumous
Germany Wacker Burghausen 11 Slovakia Marek Krejčí Striker 2004–2007 posthumous
Greece PAOK 17 Greece Panagiotis Katsouris Midfielder 1996–1998 posthumous
Honduras Olimpia 11 Honduras Wilmer Velásquez Forward 1991–1995, 1996–1998, 1999–2001, 2002–2009
Honduras Motagua 16 Honduras Edy Vásquez Midfielder 2003–2007 posthumous, retired from 2007-2009
Hong Kong Happy Valley 2 Hong Kong Leung Sui Wing Sweeper 1976–1997
Hong Kong Hong Kong Rangers 15 Hong Kong Cheung Yiu Lun Defender 1992–1995, 1996–1999, 2001–2002 posthumous
Hong Kong Tai Po FC 16 China Mao Mengsuo Midfielder 2008–2010 posthumous
Hungary Ferencváros 2 Hungary Tibor Simon Right fullback 1985–1999 posthumous
Hungary Kispest AC/Honvéd 10 Hungary Ferenc Puskás Deep-lying forward 1939–1956 retired in 2000
Indonesia Persebaya Surabaya 19 Indonesia Eri Irianto Midfielder 1998–2000 posthumous
Indonesia Persis Solo 33 Paraguay Diego Mendieta Striker 2011–2012 posthumous
Israel Hapoel Be'er Sheva 6 Zambia Chaswe Nsofwa Striker 2007 posthumous
Israel Maccabi Tel Aviv 8 Israel Avi Nimni Forward 1990-97, 1998-2003, 2005–08
Israel Maccabi Tel Aviv 12 Israel Meni Levi Right Back 2000-2002
Italy Siena 4 Italy Michele Mignani Centre back 1996–1997, 1998–2006
Italy Atalanta 14 Italy Federico Pisani Deep-lying forward 1991–1997 posthumous
Italy Avellino 10 Italy Adriano Lombardi Midfielder 1975–1979 posthumous
Italy Bologna 27 Italy Niccolò Galli Defender 2000–2001 posthumous
Italy Brescia 10 Italy Roberto Baggio Deep-lying forward 2000–2004
Italy Brescia 13 Italy Vittorio Mero Defender 1998–2001, 2002 posthumous
Italy Cagliari 11 Italy Gigi Riva Striker 1963–1978
Italy Chievo Verona 30 Democratic Republic of the Congo Jason Mayélé Left/right winger 2001–2002 posthumous
Italy Genoa 6 Italy Gianluca Signorini Sweeper 1988–1995 posthumous
Italy Internazionale 3 Italy Giacinto Facchetti Left fullback 1961–1978 posthumous
Italy Internazionale 4 Argentina Javier Zanetti [6] [7] Right fullback 1995-2014
Italy Livorno 25 Italy Piermario Morosini Midfielder 2012 posthumous [8]
Italy Messina 41 Italy Salvatore Sullo Midfielder 2001–2007
Italy Milan 6 Italy Franco Baresi[1] Defender 1977–1997
Italy Milan 3 Italy Paolo Maldini Defender 1984–2009
Italy Napoli 10 Argentina Diego Maradona Midfielder 1984–1991
Italy Roma 10 Italy Francesco Totti Forward 1992-
Italy Vicenza 25 Italy Piermario Morosini Midfielder 2007–2009,2011 posthumous
Japan Thespa Kusatsu 31 Japan Ryosuke Okuno Defender 2002–2003
Japan Yokohama F. Marinos 3 Japan Naoki Matsuda Defender 1995–2010 posthumous
Japan Fujieda MYFC 2 Japan Toshihide Saito Defender 2009-2013
South Korea Daewoo Royals, Busan I'cons 16 South Korea Kim Joo-Sung Midfielder 1987–1992, 1994–1999
Lebanon Nejmeh Sporting Club 3 Lebanon Hussein Dokmak Defender 1997–2007 posthumous (killed in a terrorist bombing)
Lebanon Nejmeh Sporting Club 12 Lebanon Hussein Naeem Striker 2001–2007 posthumous (killed in a terrorist bombing)
Libya Al Ahly Tripoli 14 Libya Tarik El Taib Midfielder 1995–2001
Mexico Atlante 3 Argentina Federico Vilar Goalkeeper 2003–2010
Mexico Atlante 12 Mexico Félix Fernández Goalkeeper 1989–1998, 1999–2001, 2002–2003.
Mexico Guadalajara 8 Mexico Salvador Reyes Striker 1953 - 1967, 2008. posthumous
Mexico Guadalajara 22 Mexico José Martínez González Midfielder 1970–1981 posthumous
Mexico Monterrey 28 Mexico Jesus Arellano Right Winger 1992–1997, 2000–2011
Mexico Monterrey 51 Mexico Antonio de Nigris Striker 1999–2002 posthumous
Mexico UANL Tigres 7 Peru Gerónimo Barbadillo Midfielder 1977–1982
Mexico Pachuca 1 Colombia Miguel Calero Goalkeeper 2000–2011 His number had been retired on 23 October 2011 after Calero's retirement as a professional player. Later his number was retired again posthumous when he died on 4 December 2012.
Mexico Pachuca 8 Mexico Gabriel Caballero Midfielder/Forward 1998–2002, 2003–2004, 2005–2009
Mexico Pachuca 17 Costa Rica Hernán Medford Forward/Winger 1994–1997
Mexico Pachuca 20 Argentina Pablo Gómez Forward/Winger 1999–2001 posthumous
Mexico Pachuca 110 Colombia Andrés Chitiva Midfielder 2001–2008, 2011
Mexico Toros Neza 11 Argentina Antonio Mohamed Midfielder/Forward 1993–1998
Mexico Pumas UNAM 12 Mexico Sergio Bernal Goalkeeper 1989–1997, 1998–2001, 2003–2010
Mexico Necaxa 3 Argentina Pablo Quatrocchi Defender 2007–2011
Mexico Necaxa 7 Ecuador Álex Aguinaga Midfielder/Forward 1989–2003
Mexico Estudiantes Tecos 13 Mexico Mirsha Serrano Midfielder 2000-2005, 2007 posthumous
Netherlands Ajax 14 Netherlands Johan Cruijff Striker 1964–1973, 1983–1984
Netherlands Utrecht 4 France David di Tommaso Centre back 2004–2005 posthumous
Netherlands NAC Breda 13 Netherlands Ferry van Vliet Midfielder 2001–2002 posthumous
Netherlands Vitesse 4 Netherlands Theo Bos Defender 1983-1998 posthumous
Northern Ireland Linfield 11 Northern Ireland Noel Bailie Defender 1986–2011
Norway Fredrikstad 8 Norway Dagfinn Enerly Winger 2004–2005
Panama Chepo 77 Panama Jonathan Rodríguez Midfielder 2006–2009 posthumous
Peru Universitario de Deportes 22 Peru José Luis Carranza Midfielder 1986–2004
Poland Lech Poznań 9 Poland Piotr Reiss Forward 1994-1998, 2002-2008, 2012–2013
Poland Legia Warsaw 10 Poland Kazimierz Deyna Midfielder 1966–1978 posthumous
Poland Widzew Łódź 11 Poland Włodzimierz Smolarek Striker 1974–1978, 1980–1986 posthumous
Portugal Benfica 29 Hungary Miklós Fehér Striker 2002–2004 posthumous
Portugal União Leiria 10 Portugal Hugo Cunha Midfielder 2004–2005 posthumous; has been worn again since 2009
Romania Dinamo Bucharest 11 Romania Cătălin Hâldan Midfielder 1994–2000 posthumous
Romania Dinamo Bucharest 25 Romania Ionel Danciulescu Striker 1995-1997, 2002–2009, 2010–2013
Russia CSKA Moscow 16 Ukraine Serhiy Perkhun Goalkeeper 2001 posthumous
Spain Espanyol 21 Spain Daniel Jarque Defender 2002–2009 posthumous
Spain Real Betis 26 Spain Miki Roqué Defender 2010–2012 posthumous
Sweden Assyriska FF 18 Sweden Eddie Moussa Striker 2001–2010 posthumous
Sweden Helsingborgs IF 17 Sweden Henrik Larsson Striker 1992–1993 2006–2009
Sweden Kalmar FF 15 Sweden Johny Erlandsson Winger 1973–1988
Sweden Norrköping 18 Iceland Stefán Þórðarson Striker 2004–2007 The shirt were worn by Þórðarson during his comeback in the club during the 2009 season.
Sweden Umeå IK 6 Sweden Malin Moström[9] Midfielder 1995–2006, 2007 The shirt was worn by Moström during her comeback at the club during the 2007 season.
Thailand TOT-CAT 19 Thailand Chanont Wong-aree Defender 2009–2010 posthumous
United States Real Salt Lake 9 United States Jason Kreis Midfielder/Striker 2005–2007 Retirement ceremony held on 4 July 2011.[10][11]
United States New York Cosmos 9 Italy Giorgio Chinaglia Striker 1976–1983 posthumous [12][13]
United States New York Cosmos 10 Brazil Pelé Striker 1975–1977 Number retired on 1 October 1977, at halftime.[14]
United States Los Angeles Galaxy 13 United States Cobi Jones Midfielder 1996–2007
Vietnam Hoàng Anh Gia Lai 13 Thailand Kiatisuk Senamuang Striker 2001–2006
Wales Swansea City 40 Austria Besian Idrizaj[15] Striker 2009–2010 posthumous
Guatemala CSD Municipal 15 Guatemala Juan Carlos Plata Forward 1990–2010
Slovenia NK Maribor 19 Croatia Stipe Balajić Defender/Midfielder 1998–2005
Greece Skoda Xanthi 13 Nigeria Olubayo Adefemi Defender 2011 posthumous
Jamaica Montego Bay 2 Jamaica Stephen Malcolm Defender 1989–2001 posthumous
Jamaica Reno F.C. 7 Jamaica Caple Donaldson Midfielder posthumous
El Salvador Alianza 2 El Salvador Roberto Rivas Right Back 1960–1970 posthumous
El Salvador Municipal Limeño 11 El Salvador Oscar Armando Díaz Striker  –1998 posthumous [16]
Russia Ural 23 Russia Pyotr Hrustovsky Striker 1999, 2001–2003 posthumous
Brazil Palmeiras 12 Brazil Marcos Goalkeeper 1993–2012
Saudi Arabia Najran SC 20 Saudi Arabia Al Hasan Al-Yami Striker 1991-1996, 2005–2010 Number retired on 31 July 2012.[17]
India Dempo SC 10 Brazil Christiano Junior Striker 2004 posthumous [18]
Republic of Ireland Limerick FC 4 Republic of Ireland Joe O'Mahony Centre back 1966-1986 posthumous[19][20]
Hungary Diósgyőri VTK 77 Spain José Juan Luque Winger 1996–2013 Number retired on 2 June 2013 on a full house match, for the respect because Luque was the most professional player in the DVTK history. His number retired for 10 years.
France Olympique de Marseille 21 Senegal Souleymane Diawara Defender 2009–2014 His number was retired on May 17 after he announced he would leave the club.
England Exeter City 9 England Adam Stansfield Forward 2006–2010 posthumous[21]
France Olympique de Marseille 28 France Mathieu Valbuena Striker 2006–2014 His number was retired on August 5 after he announced he would leave the club.[22]

Special cases[edit]

Team # Player Position Years Notes
Italy Milan 3 Italy Paolo Maldini Centre back 1984–2009 The shirt was not fully retired. Maldini has given consent for his sons to adopt the number 3 shirt if either of them play professionally for the club.[1][23]
Mexico América 10 Mexico Cuauhtémoc Blanco Striker 1992–1997, 1998–2000, 2002–2004, 2005–2007 The shirt number would be retired for a period of 5 years, starting in June 2007. However, jersey #10 has been occasionally re-issued for special cases, due to CONMEBOL rules, which state that shirts must be numbered 1–25 in continental club competitions (such as Copa Libertadores, Copa Sudamericana, amongst others).[24] More recently, this number was given to Salvador Cabañas and Daniel Montenegro and is currently being worn by Osvaldo Martínez.
Argentina Argentina 10 Argentina Diego Maradona Midfielder 1979–1994 The number 10 had been retired by Argentine Football Association in October 2001 to honour Maradona. Before the 2002 World Cup, the AFA submitted a squad list of 23 players for the tournament, listed 1 through 24, with the number 10 omitted.[1] FIFA rejected Argentina's list, and the governing body's president, Sepp Blatter suggested the number 10 shirt be instead given to the team's third-choice goalkeeper, Roberto Bonano. AFA ultimately submitted a revised list with Ariel Ortega, originally listed as number 23, as the number 10.[25] The number 10 has been worn by other players since, most notably by Lionel Messi, whom Maradona considers his "successor."
Scotland Dunfermline Athletic 4 Scotland Norrie McCathie Defender 1981–1996 The club retired the number after club captain McCathie was found dead in his home on 8 January 1996, as a result of Carbon Monoxide poisoning.[26] At that time, Scottish League clubs used shirt numbered from 1 to 11, so for the remainder of the 1995–96 season, 12 was used instead. However, the number was not retired permanently, and has been re-issued since.
Italy Livorno 10 Italy Igor Protti Striker 1985-88, 1999-2005 In December 2005, Livorno officially retired the #10 jersey. However, Protti, who led the forward line and captained his side in two promotions from Serie C1 to Serie A, quickly gaining a reputation as a fan favourite, announced his willingness to see the #10 number reissued to another player, in order to "give anybody back a dream to dress it one day." This was made effective starting from the 2007–08 season, in which Francesco Tavano played with the #10 number.[27]
England Exeter City 9 England Adam Stansfield Forward 2006–2010 The club retired the number 9 for nine seasons after the striker died of cancer on 10 August 2010.[28]
Israel Maccabi Tel-Aviv 12 Israel Meni Levi Defender  –2007 During a game between Maccabi Tel-Aviv and Beitar Jerusalem, Levi chest-controlled and kicked the ball, ran back to defend, then collapsed. He returned to his feet, and then collapsed a second time. He was subsequently on a life-support machine, and has since returned home. The club claims that the number 12 is unofficially reserved for the fans.[29]
Peru Universitario 9 Peru Lolo Fernández Forward 1930–53 Number retired only for the 2013 season.[30]
England Leeds United 17 Italy Massimo Cellino Chairman 2014 Leeds retired the number 17 shirt due to Italian chairman Massimo Cellino's superstitions, as 17 is considered an unlucky number in Italian culture.
Scotland Motherwell 10 Scotland Phil O'Donnell Midfielder 1990–1994, 2004–2007 Phil O'Donnell collapsed while playing for Motherwell against Dundee United in 2007. He was later pronounced dead at Wishaw General Hospital. The number 10 shirt was worn by his nephew David Clarkson during the 2008-09 season. Since Clarkson left in June 2009, it has not been retired, but has not been issued to any subsequent player.
South Africa Orlando Pirates 22 South Africa Lesley Manyathela Striker 2000−2003 The club retired the number 22, after Manyathela died in a car crash in August, 2003. However, Confederation of African Football rules state that shirts must be numbered 1–30 in continental club competitions, so Pirates has been re-issued it in those special cases.
Spain Real Oviedo 10 Slovakia Peter Dubovsky Midfielder 1995–2000 The Spanish Football League allowed Oviedo to retire number 10 just for the 2000–2001 season, as an exception to its rules. At the end of the season, number 10 was re-issued.
Spain Sevilla 16 Spain Antonio Puerta Left back, Left winger 2004–2007 The shirt has not been fully retired. It was temporarily retired after Puerta died of a cardiac arrest on the first matchday in La Liga 2007–2008 However, the Spanish Football Federation rules state that clubs must use number 1 to 25 for their regular squad, and as a result, David Prieto wore the number in 2008 in honour of his friend.[31]
Norway Stabæk 7 Norway Christer Basma Central defender 1995–1998 The club had retired the number to honor his services for the club. However, the retirement was revoked after 2004 season and the number given to Henning Hauger.
England Chelsea 25 Italy Gianfranco Zola Forward 1996-2003 Chelsea have not officially retired the number 25 shirt, but it has not been allocated to another player since Zola left the club in 2003.
England Portsmouth 13 England Aaron Flahavan Goalkeeper 1994-2001 Following Flahavan's death in a car accident in August 2001, Portsmouth and his first club, Southampton, retired their number 1 shirts for the 2001-02 season as a mark of respect. From the 2003-04 season, Portsmouth retired the number 13 shirt, as this was the number Flahavan wore during the majority of his time at the club. Number 13 remained unused until 2011, when it was allocated to goalkeeper Stephen Henderson, and it has been reissued since.
Finland FC Haka 14 Russia Valeri Popovitch Forward 1994–2008 First ever retired shirt number in the history of Finnish football is ex-Haka's Valeri Popovitch's number 14. Popovitch has stated that his sons, who are still playing for Haka's junior teams, can wear the legendary number if they want.[32]
England Wycombe Wanderers 14 England Mark Philo Midfielder 2004–2006 Philo was killed in a car accident and the number 14 shirt retired. It was later revealed he was significantly over the drink-drive limit and his car veered on to the other side of the road, killing a 58-year-old mother of two.[33]
France Lyon 16 France Luc Borrelli Goalkeeper 1998-99 posthumous — returned to use in 2011
France Lyon 17 Cameroon Marc-Vivien Foé Midfielder 2000–03 posthumous — returned to use in 2008
Germany 1. FC Köln 10 Germany Lukas Podolski Winger 2002–06, 2009–12 The club had announced that the number would remain out of circulation as long as Podolski is playing football on a professional level. Nevertheless, the #10 was given to Patrick Helmes in July 2014.[34]
Turkey Galatasaray S.K. 3 Turkey Bülent Korkmaz Central defender 1984-2005 Despite the club had announced the retirement of the number, it has been re-issued.
Colombia Independiente Santa Fe 23 Colombia Léider Preciado Striker 1995-1998, 2000-2001, 2004–2005, 2006-2008, 2011. The number was out of circulation for a period of 23 months (starting May 2012) in honor of the second top scorer in the history of the club.[35]
Mexico C.D. Guadalajara 11 Mexico Ramón Morales Midfielder 1998-2011, 2013- (as part of the coaching staff). The shirt was never officially retired, but it was not issued out of American competitions for the time between Morales' exit and his return as a coach. All players intending to wear the jersey have to ask for Morales' consent. It is now being worn by Jesús Aldo De Nigris since he has received Morales' approval.[36]
Japan Sagan Tosu 17 Japan Sakata Michitaka Non-player 2001- The shirt was retired posthumously, to honour Michikata who played a key role in establishment of former Tosu Futures and their revival as Sagan Tosu, and who died due to kidney cancer on 7 January 2000. Number 17, derived from the day of his death, was selected to be retired. The number would later also be dedicated to the club's fans, thus they have not retired squad number 12 like most Japanese League teams.

Dedication to fans[edit]

Some clubs dedicate a number to their fans, and do not issue it to any player. The most common number for this practice is 12, from descriptions of the fans as "the twelfth man".

In Japanese footballing tradition, almost all the professional teams retired the number 12 for their supporters. The only two teams not to retire 12 are Urawa Red Diamonds and Sagan Tosu (Sagan retired 17 for a similar reason).

Other clubs and teams include:

Notes: 1 Despite of having their number "12" retired, Brazilian clubs have had to re-issue them for CONMEBOL competitions such as Copa Libertadores, where rosters must be numbered from 1 to 25 consecutively.[38]

AIK and Djurgården reserve the number 1 for their supporters.

Reading, Notts County and Bryne reserve the number 13 for their supporters, Panathinaikos reserve this number in honour of Gate 13, the ultras based in the respective gate in home matches. Norwich City also reserve the number 13 shirt for "the fans" while Shrewsbury Town reserve the number 13 shirt for the fan who wins a pre-season competition.

After their 15 point deduction, Leeds United retired the number 15 shirt for the 2007–08 season only.[39]

Bursaspor reserve the number 16 for their supporters.

AFC Bournemouth use squad number 27 for the Steve Fletcher Stand which houses the large majority of hardcore supporters, the number 50 for "12th man" and the number 99 shirt for their mascot, Cherry Bear.

Oldham Athletic reserve the number 40 for their fans.

Leicester City have reserved the number 50 for the mascot, Filbert Fox, which he wears on his shirt at every game.

APOEL have reserved the shirt number 79 in honour of PAN.SY.FI. (APOEL Ultras), to denote the year the group was founded, 1979.[40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Scott Murray and Paolo Bandini (27 May 2009). "Which clubs have retired shirt numbers?". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 May 2009. 
  2. ^ "Justin Edinburgh:Dale touched our lives". Rushden & Diamonds Official website. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  3. ^ "AFC Rushden and Diamonds retire ‘number 1′ shirt in honour of former keeper Dale Roberts". Too Good To Go Down. 8 January 2011. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  4. ^ "Hammers pay tribute to Dylan". www.whufc.com. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Silkmen retire Richard Butcher's Squad Number". Macclefield Town FC Official website. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-13. 
  6. ^ "Internazionale retire No4 shirt in honour of Javier Zanetti", The Guardian, 30 June 2014
  7. ^ "Inter make Zanetti vice-president & retire No.4 jersey", Goal.com, 30 June 2014
  8. ^ "Livorno retires Morosini’s number 25", Daily News, 2012-04-17
  9. ^ Skogh, Karin (26 June 2007). "Malin Moström gör kort comeback". Expressen (in Swedish). Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  10. ^ Real Salt Lake: Jason Kreis has altered the course of team history
  11. ^ Davis, Randy (25 March 2011). "Real Salt Lake extend Kreis' contract through '13". MLSSoccer.com. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Cosmos retiring Giorgio Chinaglia's N° 9 shirt", Goal.com, 5 June 2014
  13. ^ "Cosmos to honor Chinaglia, retire number in season-ending ceremony", Empire of Soccer, 25 Abr 2014
  14. ^ New York Cosmos Heritage
  15. ^ "Swans to retire Besian's shirt". Swansea Official website. 18 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ Najran SC blocks the No. 20 shirt forever in appreciation for the Najrani legend Al-Hassan Al-Yami
  18. ^ "The Last Goal - Remembering Cristiano Junior" at Feverpitch, Dec 5, 2012
  19. ^ http://www.limerickfc.ie/limerick-fc-retire-no4-jersey-in-memory-of-joe-omahony
  20. ^ http://www.uefa.org/aboutuefa/organisation/history/obituaries/newsid=2043782.html
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  22. ^ {cite web|url=http://www.sports.fr/football/ligue-1/scans/om-valbuena-au-hall-of-fame-1092609%7Ctitle=OM: Valbuena au Hall of Fame (french page)|date=5 august 2014}
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  29. ^ "Levi continues rehab at home". Eternal-Allegiance. Retrieved 2007-01-26. 
  30. ^ "Universitario de Deportes retira dorsal '9' por centenario del Lolo Fernández", on La República, 14 January 2013
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  32. ^ "Numero 14 poistui käytöstä". fchaka.fi. 13 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  33. ^ http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/772566.football_star_had_7_pints_before_fatal_crash/
  34. ^ "Podolski vexed as Koln U-turn on promise to retire his shirt", Goal.com, 6 July 2014
  35. ^ "Adiós a la 23", Sangre Cardenal, May 2012
  36. ^ "Aldo de Nigris solicita permiso a Ramón Morales para portar el '11'", Goal.com
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  40. ^ "To "79" ανήκει στους πορτοκαλί!" (in Greek). sentragoal.philenews.com. 12 October 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2014.