|Posterior facial vein|
Veins of the head and neck
(retromandibular vein visible at center).
vena facialis posterior
|Superficial temporal vein,
|External jugular vein|
The retromandibular vein (temporomaxillary vein, posterior facial vein), formed by the union of the superficial temporal and maxillary veins, descends in the substance of the parotid gland, superficial to the external carotid artery but beneath the facial nerve, between the ramus of the mandible and the sternocleidomastoideus muscle.
It divides into two branches:
- an anterior, which passes forward and unites with the anterior facial vein to form the common facial vein.
- a posterior, which is joined by the posterior auricular vein and becomes the external jugular vein.
Parrot's sign is a sensation of pain when pressure is applied to the retromandibular region.
- Anatomy photo:27:13-0103 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Infratemporal fossa: The Pterygoid plexus of Veins"
- lesson4 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (parotid2)
- retromandibular+vein at eMedicine Dictionary
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