Rettig Report

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Supreme Decree No. 355, creating the National Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

The Rettig Report, officially The National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation Report, is a 1991 report by a commission designated by then President Patricio Aylwin (from the Concertación) encompassing human rights abuses resulting in death or disappearance that occurred in Chile during the years of military rule under Augusto Pinochet, which began on September 11, 1973 and ended on March 11, 1990.

The Commission[edit]

It is named after its chairman, Raúl Rettig, a former ambassador of President Salvador Allende. The eight-member commission, including Jaime Castillo Velasco, José Luis Cea Egaña, Mónica Jiménez, Laura Novoa Vásquez, José Zalaquett Daher, Ricardo Martín Díaz, and Gonzalo Vial Correa (minister of Education 1978-79), released its report in February 1991.

Figures[edit]

The report determined that 2,279 persons were killed for political reasons. This figure included 957 disappeared after arrest and 164 "victims of political violence", a figure that included police officers and others killed by left-wing extremists.[1](p1122)

In 641 cases, the commission could not conclusively determine that the person was killed for political reasons. It found 508 cases that were beyond its mandate, and that in 449 cases, no information beyond the name of a disappeared person could be determined.[1](p1122)

Judgment[edit]

Until May 2012, 76 agents had been condemned for violations of human rights and 67 were convicted: 36 of the Army, 27 of Carabineros, 2 of the Air Force, one of the Navy and one of the PDI. Three condemned agents died and six agents got conditional sentences. The Chilean justice holds open 350 cases for disappeared persons, illegal detainees and torture during the dictatorial rule. There are 700 military and civilian persons involved in these cases.[2]

See also[edit]

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