Reutlingen (district)

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Reutlingen
District
Baden-Württemberg RT.svg
Country  Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Adm. region Tübingen
Capital Reutlingen
Area
 • Total 1,094.14 km2 (422.45 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 274,691
 • Density 250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration RT
Website http://www.kreis-reutlingen.de

Reutlingen , nicknamed "Das Tor zur Schwäbischen-Alb" ("The Swabian Alb Gate"), is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The former free imperial city (until 1802) reached the limit of 100,000 residents in 1989. It is the ninth biggest city of Baden-Württemberg. The neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Esslingen, Göppingen, Alb-Donau, Ostalbkreis, Biberach, Sigmaringen, Zollernalbkreis and Tübingen.

History[edit]

The district dates back to the Oberamt Reutlingen, which was created in 1803 when the previously free imperial city Reutlingen became part of Württemberg. In 1934 it was converted into the district, in 1938 the district Urach was dissolved and split between the districts Reutlingen and Münsingen. In 1973 the district Münsingen was dissolved, and most part was merged into the district Reutlingen. A few municipalities from the districts Tübingen, Saulgau, Sigmaringen and Nürtingen were also added.

Geography[edit]

The district is located in the Swabian Alb (Schwäbische Alb). In the south it almost touches the river Danube.

Partnerships[edit]

The district had a friendship with the Czech district Chrudim. In 2002 the Czech districts were reformed and the region Pardubice became the successor of the district Chrudim.

The district also has a friendship with the Italian Province of Parma, as well as the district Sächsische Schweiz in the Free State of Saxony.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms is the coat of arms of the Counts of Achalm, who ruled the largest part of the district until the 11th century. Even though these counts never used arms by themselves, the Zwiefalten Abbey appointed them these arms.

Cities and towns[edit]

Towns Administrative collectivities Municipalities
  1. Bad Urach
  2. Hayingen
  3. Metzingen
  4. Münsingen
  5. Pfullingen
  6. Reutlingen
  7. Trochtelfingen
  1. Engstingen
  2. Metzingen
  3. Münsingen
  4. Pliezhausen
  5. Bad Urach
  6. Zwiefalten-Hayingen
  1. Dettingen an der Erms
  2. Engstingen
  3. Eningen
  4. Gomadingen
  5. Grabenstetten
  6. Grafenberg
  7. Hohenstein
  8. Hülben
  9. Lichtenstein
  10. Mehrstetten
  1. Pfronstetten
  2. Pliezhausen
  3. Riederich
  4. Römerstein
  5. Sonnenbühl
  6. St. Johann
  7. Walddorfhäslach
  8. Wannweil
  9. Zwiefalten

References[edit]

  1. ^ [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°30′N 9°13′E / 48.5°N 9.21°E / 48.5; 9.21