|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2014)|
|10th President of Israel|
24 July 2014
|Prime Minister||Benjamin Netanyahu|
|Preceded by||Shimon Peres|
|Speaker of the Knesset|
10 March 2009 – 22 February 2013
|Preceded by||Dalia Itzik|
|Succeeded by||Yuli-Yoel Edelstein|
28 February 2003 – 28 March 2006
|Preceded by||Avraham Burg|
|Succeeded by||Dalia Itzik|
|Minister of Communications|
7 March 2001 – 28 February 2003
|Prime Minister||Ariel Sharon|
|Preceded by||Binyamin Ben-Eliezer|
|Succeeded by||Ariel Sharon|
9 September 1939 |
Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine
|Alma mater||Hebrew University of Jerusalem|
Reuven "Ruby" Rivlin (Hebrew: ראובן "רובי" ריבלין, [ʁeʔuˈven ʁivˈlin] ( ); born 9 September 1939) is an Israeli politician and lawyer who has been President of Israel since 2014. He was a member of the Likud party. Rivlin was Minister of Communications from 2001 to 2003 and subsequently served as Speaker of the Knesset from 2003 to 2006 and again from 2009 to 2013. On 10 June 2014, he was elected as President of Israel.
Rivlin is a strong supporter of minority rights, particularly those of the Arab citizens of Israel, and is opposed to the two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, being in favour of a version of the One-state solution.
Reuven Rivlin was born in the Rivlin family descendant of students of the Vilna Gaon, the son of Yosef Yoel Rivlin. The Rivlin family is established in Jerusalem since 1809. He received a law degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and worked as a lawyer. He is married to Nechama (born June 5, 1945) and has four children.
Rivlin is well known as a supporter of the Beitar Jerusalem football club, sometimes described as "The-Most-Seasoned-Beitar-fan", ever since he first saw a game of Beitar in 1946 when he was 7 years old.
He was first elected to the 12th Knesset in 1988, and served as Likud chairman from 1988 to 1993. He lost his seat in the 1992 elections, but returned to the Knesset following the 1996 elections. Reelected in 1999, he was appointed Minister of Communications in March 2001, serving until February 2003, when he was elected Knesset Speaker following the 2003 elections. During his term as speaker, he was criticized for breaking the tradition of political neutrality of the post; he was one of Ariel Sharon's harshest critics regarding the disengagement plan, and had a public confrontation with Aharon Barak, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, concerning the court's authority to declare legislation illegal.
Rivlin was reelected in 2006 and 2009. He ran in the 2007 election for President as the Likud candidate. He withdrew after the first round of voting when it became clear that Kadima MK Shimon Peres had sufficiently broad support to inevitably win in a run-off. In the 2014 presidential election, Rivlin defeated Meir Sheetrit in a run-off.
For his first official visit as Knesset Speaker, he chose the Arab-Israeli town of Umm el-Fahm, just south of the Galilee. He was accompanied by MKs Uri Orbach (The Jewish Home) and Afu Agbariyah (Hadash), a resident of the city.
Rivlin was elected as Israel's 10th president on 10 June 2014 receiving the support of 63 MKs in a runoff vote against MK Meir Sheetrit. Rivlin was sworn in on 24 July 2014 replacing Shimon Peres. Upon his election as the 10th president, he immediately ceased being a member of the Israeli Parliament.
Views and positions
Views on minority rights in Israel
On a number of occasions, Rivlin has defended minority rights in Israel. In June 2010, Rivlin found himself in the center of a controversy after ignoring the advice of a committee that recommended the removal of Balad MK Haneen Zoabi for having participated in the Gaza flotilla earlier that year. Many wished to see Zoabi banned from the Knesset for participating in activities deemed contrary to the interests of the state, while others believed that removal of an elected politician by other politicians would undermine democratic principles. Rivlin's actions in defending the parliamentary rights of Zoabi were criticised by many MKs and the Israeli right-wing, but Israeli and foreign liberals praised Rivlin for his courage in defending Israeli democracy. The same year, a group of almost 40 rabbis on government payroll called on Jewish Israelis to not rent apartments to non-Jews. Rivlin protested this declaration, saying, "In my opinion, their statement shames the Jewish people. If such a thing were said in relation to Jews anywhere on the globe, a hue and cry would be raised in Israel on the need to stand up against anti-Semitism." When asked about conditions for African refugees detained on Israeli soil, Rivlin stated, "As a democrat and a Jew, I have a hard time with concentration camps, where people are warehoused." In 2013 Rivlin slammed the racism he witnessed by some fans of the Beitar team who chanted anti-Arab, anti-Muslim slogans when two Muslim players were added to the team. He committed to work to put an end to the club’s anti-Muslim discrimination. In his new role as President, Rivlin spoke to a gathering of academics and told them, "Israeli society is sick and it is our duty to treat this disease." He is hoping to address what he sees as an epidemic of racism in Israel directed at Arabs.
Rivlin's promotion of minority rights does not extend to women. In 2008 many Israelis were upset to learn that the Knesset choir sang the "Hatikva" at a welcoming ceremony for British Prime Minister Gordon Brown without the female members of the choir because the presence of women singers might offend the sensibilities of Haredi MK's. Rivlin admitted that as Knesset speaker he was careful not to invite women choir members to sing so as not to create a conflict with the Haredim, who would claim that "a woman's voice constitutes sexual incitement." 
Views on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Rivlin is known to be strongly opposed to the two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and has voiced support for a version of a one-state solution. He is described as a staunch supporter of Jewish settlement in the occupied West Bank.On 29 April 2010, he said that he "would rather accept Palestinians as Israeli citizens than divide Israel and the West Bank in a future two-state peace solution". This position, reflecting an idea of both the radical left and radical right in Israel, is considered controversial, but has also been praised as recognising current realities in Israel and the Palestinian Territories. After taking over as the President, he said Israel is not fighting the Palestinian people or Islam but is fighting murderous terrorism.
Views on Judaism
Although secular himself, he has been critical of non-Orthodox movements in Judaism. Rick Jacobs, leader of the Reform movement in the United States, called Rivlin's views "harsh and rather unenlightened." In 1989 Rivlin referred to Reform Jews as "idol worshippers" and as recently as 2007 refused to call Reform Jewish rabbis by their title.   However, in recent meetings with Rabbi Jacobs, Rivlin has demonstrated a higher degree of respect. 
Positions on the Armenian Genocide
In Israel, Rivlin is an active campaigner for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide, giving speeches on the topic. In 2012, he said “It is our moral duty to remember and remind of the tragedy that befell the Armenian people, who lost more than a million of its sons during the First World War, and we must not make this a political issue. I am aware of the sensitivity of this issue. But let us be clear: This is not an accusation of Turkey today or of the current Turkish government.”
- "Knesset: Animals don't have legal rights". Haaretz.
- "Knesset Speaker backs bill to overturn laws struck down by Israel's Supreme Court". Haaretz. 8 April 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- Somfalvi, Attila (March 31, 2009). "Netanyahu names Likud ministers". Ynet.
- Fendel, Hillel (April 19, 2009). "Likud and Jewish Home MKs Visit Umm el-Fahm".
- "Knesset speaker: Umm al-Fahm is an inseparable part of Israel". Haaretz. April 19, 2009.
- Pope comes under criticism in Israel[dead link]
- "Under siege too". The Economist. Economist Group. 17 June 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- 'Report: Hawkish new Israel president ready to meet Abbas', Ma'an News Agency 26 June 2014.
- Zrahiya, Zvi (2010). "Israel official: Accepting Palestinians into Israel better than two states". Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- Reider, Dimi (2014). "Why the Left's best president might come from the Right". Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- "Reuven Rivlin sworn is as 10th president of Israel". news.biharprabha.com. IANS. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Knesset Speaker working to boost recognition of Armenian genocide By Jonathan Lis, May 31, 2011, Haaretz
- Rivlin: We Cannot Ignore the Armenian Genocide By Elad Benari, First Publish: 6/13/2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Reuven Rivlin.|
- Reuven Rivlin on the Knesset website
- Reuven Rivlin on the official Rivlin family website (English)
|Speaker of the Knesset
|Speaker of the Knesset
|President of Israel