This article is about surgical vascularization. For physiological vascularization, see
medicine, revascularization is the restoration of perfusion to a body part or organ that has suffered ischemia. It is typically accomplished by surgical means. [1 ] Vascular bypass and angioplasty are the two primary means of revascularization. [2 ]
The term derives from the prefix
re-, in this case meaning "restoration" and vasculature, which refers to the circulatory structures of an organ.
Revascularization involves a thorough analysis and
diagnosis and treatment of the existing diseased vasculature of the affected organ, and can be aided by the use of different imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, PET scan, CT scan, and X ray fluoroscopy.
This is a concept important in the subdisciplines of
biomedicine which are concerned with the rehabilitation of important organs, such as the heart, liver, and lungs.
gangrene often requires revascularization, if possible. The surgery is also indicated to treat [3 ] ischemic wounds (inadequate tissue perfusion) in some forms of chronic wounds, such as diabetic ulcers. [4 ]
References [ edit ]
^ "Revascularization". Medical Dictionary. The Free Dictionary . Retrieved . 24 March 2013
^ Kalyanasundaram, Arun (April 5, 2012). "Comparison of Revascularization Procedures in Coronary Artery Disease". Drugs, Diseases, and Procedures. Medscape . Retrieved . 2012-12-19
^ Mills JL, Sr; Conte, MS; Armstrong, DG; Pomposelli, FB; Schanzer, A; Sidawy, AN; Andros, G; Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Guidelines, Committee (January 2014). "The Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Threatened Limb Classification System: risk stratification based on wound, ischemia, and foot infection (WIfI).". Journal of vascular surgery 59 (1): 220–34.e1–2. PMID 24126108.
^ Gottrup F (May 2004). "A specialized wound-healing center concept: importance of a multidisciplinary department structure and surgical treatment facilities in the treatment of chronic wounds". Am. J. Surg. 187 (5A): 38S–43S. doi: 10.1016/S0002-9610(03)00303-9. PMID 15147991 . Retrieved . 2008-07-21