Revascularization

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Revascularization
Intervention
ICD-9-CM 36.10, 36.2, 36.33, 36.34

In medicine, revascularization is the restoration of perfusion to a body part or organ that has suffered ischemia. It is typically accomplished by surgical means.[1] Coronary artery bypass surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention are the two primary means of revascularization.[2]

The term derives from the prefix re-, in this case meaning "restoration" and vasculature, which refers to the circulatory structures of an organ.[citation needed]

Revascularization involves a thorough analysis and diagnosis and treatment of the existing diseased vasculature of the affected organ, and can be aided by the use of different imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, PET scan, CT scan, and X ray fluoroscopy.[citation needed]

This is a concept important in the subdisciplines of biomedicine which are concerned with the rehabilitation of important organs, such as the heart, liver, and lungs.[citation needed]

The term revascularization is also used in conjunction with other medical terms such as angioplasty, cardiac, and myocardial to denote specific forms of revascularization techniques.[citation needed]

Treatment for gangrene often requires revascularization, if possible.[citation needed] The surgery is also indicated to repair ischemia (inadequate tissue perfusion) in some forms of chronic wounds, such as diabetic ulcers.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Revascularization". Medical Dictionary. The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Kalyanasundaram, Arun (April 5, 2012). "Comparison of Revascularization Procedures in Coronary Artery Disease". Drugs, Diseases, and Procedures. Medscape. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ Gottrup F (May 2004). "A specialized wound-healing center concept: importance of a multidisciplinary department structure and surgical treatment facilities in the treatment of chronic wounds". Am. J. Surg. 187 (5A): 38S–43S. doi:10.1016/S0002-9610(03)00303-9. PMID 15147991. Retrieved 2008-07-21.