Revenu minimum d'insertion

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The Revenu minimum d'insertion (RMI) is a French form of social welfare. It is aimed at people without any income who are of working age but do not have any other rights to unemployment benefits (e.g. contributions-based unemployment benefits). It was created in 1988 by Jean-Michel Belorgey by the government of Michel Rocard (Socialist Party) and aimed at helping people who had the most problems with finding work.

Eligibility for RMI[edit]

The recipient of RMI must fulfil the following conditions:

  • be older than 25 or have children;
  • must commit to finding work within 3 months of the first payment of benefit;
  • live in France and, for non-EU nationals, have proof of having lived there for a minimum of five years;
  • not be a pupil, student, or in work experience;
  • not be married, in a civil union or a domestic partnership with someone who does not him/herself fulfil those conditions.

Evolution of RMI[edit]

According to an INSEE 2001 study, a quarter of the RMI beneficents had an employ or a remunerated "stage." During the 21 months preceding the study, half of the beneficents passed through a period of employment, generally part-time, and a quarter only CDI (Indeterminate Length Contract). The medium wage of these active people was of 610 Euros (after paying taxes).[1]

In 1994, in metropolitan France, the number of claimants of RMI was 783,436; ten years later (in June 2004), it had increased to 1,041,026. In the DOM, it was 105,033 in 1994, and 152,892 in June 2004.[2] By 31 December 2005, the figure stood at 1,112,400.[3] From December 2004 to December 2005, the number of RMI claimants increased by 4,7% according to the Secours catholique NGO[4]

In 2004, the government of Jean-Pierre Raffarin created the Revenu minimum d'activité (RMA) which is designed to replace the RMI. The RMA enforces much more strictly the obligations of claimants to find work.

See also[edit]