Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition
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|Full name:||Revised Standard Version-Catholic Edition|
|Derived from:||Revised Standard Version|
|Textual basis:||Same as the Protestant RSV|
|Copyright status:||Copyrighted 1946, 1952, 1957, 1965, 1966, 2006 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA|
The Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (also known as the RSV-CE) is an English-language adaptation of the Revised Standard Version (RSV) of the Bible for use by Roman Catholics. It is widely used by conservative Catholic scholars and theologians, and is accepted as one of the most accurate and literary Bible translations suitable for Catholic use.
The RSV-CE, sometimes called the Ignatius Bible, was published in the following stages:
- New Testament (1946, originally copyrighted to the International Council of Religious Education)
- Old Testament (1952)
- Deuterocanonical Books (1957)
- Catholic Edition of the New Testament (1965)
- Catholic Edition of the Old Testament incorporating the deuterocanonicals (1966)
- Second Catholic Edition (Ignatius Edition) (2006)
The Revised Standard Version stands within the tradition of the Authorized King James Version, which was updated in 1885 in the UK as the Revised Version, with an American edition known as the American Standard Version published in 1901. The latter version was revised in 1952 by a Standard Bible Committee authorized by the National Council of Churches; this was known as the Revised Standard Version. A revision of the Apocrypha was authorized in December of that year, and would be completed in 1957.
In 1954, after a year of negotiations, the Standard Bible Committee granted the Catholic Biblical Association of Great Britain permission to print a Catholic RSV Bible. Originally, the RSV-CE New Testament was to have been issued as early as 1956, but Cardinal Griffin, who had approved the plan, died before he could give it an imprimatur. A delay of nearly a decade ensued before Archbishop Gray of St. Andrews and Edinburgh gave the RSV-CE New Testament the necessary imprimatur. And so at last, in 1965, the RSV-CE New Testament was published. In the following year, 1966, the full RSV-CE Bible was published, with the deuterocanonical works incorporated into the Old Testament text. The Prayer of Manasseh, 1 Esdras, 2 Esdras, 3 Maccabees, 4 Maccabees and Psalm 151 were omitted from the RSV-CE, as they are not part of Catholic canon.
Although a New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition was published in 1989, the mechanical use of inclusive language did not find favour amongst many scholars, and the use of such language for Bible translations was specifically rejected by the Catholic hierarchy. A Second Edition of the RSV-CE was negotiated with the National Council of Churches, and issued by Ignatius Press in 2006.
Significant differences from the RSV
|The Bible in English|
The RSV-CE was based on the 1962 printing of the Protestant RSV (see Revised Standard Version#Later editions). The editors of the Catholic Edition made no changes to the Old Testament text; all they did was include the seven Deuterocanonical works in their traditional Catholic order. At the end of each testament, an appendix of explanatory and interpretive notes was added. In the Psalms, they preserved the numbering of the Protestant edition (which reflects the Hebrew system), but they placed in brackets the Catholic system of numbering, which is based upon the Greek Septuagint and the Latin Vulgate. However, some minor changes were made to the New Testament in places that had variant readings more in line with Catholic understanding and tradition. Some of the more important changes were the use of the phrase "full of grace" in the angel's greeting to Mary in Luke 1:28, the restoration of the story of the woman caught in adultery (John 7:53-8:11) and the inclusion of the longer ending to the Gospel according to Mark (16.9-20). Other verses or phrases with questionable authenticity that had been footnoted in the Protestant edition were restored in the Catholic Edition (Luke 22.19-20; 24. 5, 12, 36, 40, 51-52) In other places, some word changes were made, and some texts were exchanged with footnotes. Furthermore, the footnotes regarding the value of New Testament coins were rewritten in terms of how long it took the average worker to earn the money (the denarius was no longer defined as twenty cents but as a day's wage). The book of Revelation, called "The Revelation To John", had added as a subtitle ("The Apocalypse") The differences between the 1962 Protestant RSV New Testament and the Catholic Edition New Testament were listed in an appendix to the RSV-CE. This appendix, however, is partially outdated, as some of the changes were introduced into the Protestant Second Edition of the RSV New Testament in 1971 in preparation for the issuance of the RSV Common Bible.
List of changes in the RSV New Testament for the Catholic Edition
This is the appendix that appeared in the 1965-66 printing of the RSV-CE to show the changes between the Protestant and Catholic editions.
|Passage||1962 RSV Text||1965 RSV-CE Text||1962 RSV Footnotes||1965 RSV-CE Footnotes|
|Mt. 1.19||divorce her||send her away|
|Mt. 18.24||(f) This talent was probably worth about a thousand dollars||(f) This talent was more than fifteen years' wages of a laborer|
|Mt. 18.28||(g) The denarius was worth about twenty cents||(g) The denarius was a day's wage for a laborer|
|Mt. 19.9||(k)||...; and he who marries a divorced woman, commits adultery." (k)||(k) Other ancient authorities insert and he who marries a divorced woman, commits adultery||(k) Other ancient authorities omit and he who marries a divorced woman, commits adultery|
|Mt. 20.2||(m) The denarius was worth about twenty cents||(m) The denarius was a day's wage for a laborer|
|Mt. 21.44||(q)||44 And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but when it falls on anyone, it will crush him." (q)||(q) Other ancient authorities add verse 44: "And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but when it falls on anyone, it will crush him"||(q) Other ancient authorities omit verse 44|
|Mt. 25.15||(d) This talent was probably worth about a thousand dollars||(d) This talent was more than fifteen years' wages of a laborer|
|Mt. 27.24||this man's blood; (l)||this righteous man's blood; (l)||(l) Other ancient authorities read this righteous blood or this righteous man's blood||(l) Other ancient authorities omit righteous or man's|
|Mk. 6.37||(u) The denarius was worth about twenty cents||(u) The denarius was a day's wage for a laborer|
|Mk. 9.29||(j)||and fasting." (j)||(j) Other ancient authorities add and fasting||(j) Other ancient authorities omit and fasting|
|Mk. 10.24||(r)||for those who trust in riches (r)||(r) Other ancient authorities add for those who trust in riches||(r) Other ancient authorities omit for those who trust in riches|
|Mk. 13.33||(a)||and pray; (a)||(a) Other ancient authorities add and pray||(a) Other ancient authorities omit and pray|
|Mk. 14.5||(b) The denarius was worth about twenty cents||(b) The denarius was a day's wage for a laborer|
|Mk. 16.9-20||(k)||insert into the text the entire italicized verses 9-20 from note (k) and add (k) at end of verse 20||(k) Other texts and versions add as 16.9-20 the following passage:
9 Now when he rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdelene, from whom he had cast out seven demons. 10 She went and told those who had been with him, and they mourned and wept. 11 But when they heard that he was alive and had been seen by her, they would not believe it.
12 After this he appeared in another form to two of them, as they were walking into the country. 13 And they went back and told the rest, but they did not believe them.
14 Afterward he appeared to the eleven themselves as they sat at table, and he upbraided them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they had not believed those who saw him after he had risen. 15 And he said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to the whole creation. 16 He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned. 17 And these signs will accompany those who believe: in my name they will cast out demons; they will speak in new tongues; 18 they will pick up serpents, and if they drink any deadly thing it will not hurt them; they will lay their hands on the sick, and they will recover."
19 So then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God. 20 And they went forth and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them and confirmed the message by the signs that attended it. Amen.
Other ancient authorities add after verse 8 the following: But they reported briefly to Peter and those with him all that they had been told. And after this, Jesus himself sent out by means of them, from east to west, the sacred and imperishable proclamation of eternal salvtion
|(k) Other ancient authorities omit verses 9-20. Some ancient authorities conclude Mark instead with the following: But they reported briefly to Peter and those with him all that they had been told. And after this, Jesus himself sent out by means of them, from east to west, the sacred and imperishable proclamation of eternal salvtion|
|Lk. 1.28||O favored one,||full of grace (b2)||(b2) Or O favored one|
|Lk. 8.43||(b)||and had spent all her living upon physicians (b)||(b) Other ancient authorities add and had spent all her living upon physicians||(b) Other ancient authorities omit and had spent all her living upon physicians|
|Lk. 10.35||(i) The denarius was worth about twenty cents||(i) The denarius was a day's wage for a laborer|
|Lk. 15.8||(t) The drachma, rendered here by silver coin, was about sixteen cents||(t) The drachma, rendered here by silver coin, was about a day's wage for a laborer|
|Lk. 19.13||(e) The mina, rendered here by pound, was equal to about twenty dollars||(e) The mina, rendered here by pound, was about three months' wages for a laborer|
|Lk. 22.19-20||(j)||which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me." 20 And likewise the cup after supper, saying, "This cup which poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood." (j)||(j) Other ancient authorities add which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me." 20 And likewise the cup after supper, saying, "This cup which poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood."||(j) Other ancient authorities omit from which is given in verse 19 to the end of verse 20|
|Lk. 24.5||(u)||He is not here, but has risen.(u)||(u) Other ancient authorities add He is not here, but has risen||(u) Other ancient authorities omit He is not here, but has risen|
|Lk. 24.12||(v)||12 But Peter rose and ran to the tomb; stooping and looking in, he saw the linen cloths by themselves; and he went home wondering at what had happened. (v)||(v) Other ancient authorities add verse 12, But Peter rose and ran to the tomb; stooping and looking in, he saw the linen cloths by themselves; and he went home wondering at what had happened||(v) Other ancient authorities omit verse 12|
|Lk. 24.36||(x)||..., and said to them, "Peace to you." (x)||(x) Other ancient authorities add and said to them, "Peace to you!"||(x) Other ancient authorities omit and said to them, "Peace to you."|
|Lk. 24.40||(y)||40 And when he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet. (y)||(y) Other ancient authorities add verse 40, And when he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet||(y) Other ancient authorities omit verse 40|
|Lk. 24.51||(a)||and was carried up into heaven. (a)||(a) Other ancient authorities add and was carried up into heaven||(a) Other ancient authorities omit and was carried up into heaven|
|Lk. 24.52||(b)||worshiped him, and (b)||(b) Other ancient authorities add worshiped him, and||(b) Other ancient authorities omit worshiped him, and|
|Jn. 6.7||(l) The denarius was worth about twenty cents||(l) The denarius was a day's wage for a laborer|
|Jn. 7.52||(r)||omit (r) here; insert 7.53-8.11 in the text (from the italicized footnote) and insert footnote reference (r) at the end of verse 11||(r) Other ancient authorities add 7.53-8.11 either here or at the end of this gospel or after Luke 21.38, with variations of the text:
53 They went each to his own house, 8 1 but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives. 2 Early in the morning he came again to the temple; all the people came to him, and he sat down and taught them. 3 The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery, and placing her in the midst 4 they said to him, "Teacher, this woman has been caught in the act of adultery. 5 Now in the law Moses commanded us to stone such. What do you say about her?" 6 This they said to test him, that they might have some charge to bring against him. Jesus bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground. 7 And as they continued to ask him, he stood up and said to them, "Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her." 8 And once more he bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground. 9 But when they heard it, they went away, one by one, beginning with eldest, and Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him. 10 Jesus looked up and said to her, "Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?" 11 She said, "No one, Lord." And Jesus said, "Neither do I condemn you; go, and do not sin again."
|(r) Some ancient authorities insert 7.53-8.11 either at the end of this gospel or after Luke 21.38, with variations of the text. Others omit it altogether.|
|Jn. 12.5||(b) The denarius was worth about twenty cents||(b) The denarius was a day's wage for a laborer|
|Rom. 1.4||designated||designated (a2)||(a2) Or constituted|
|Rom. 9.5||Christ. God who is over all be blessed for ever. (n)||Christ, who is God over all, blessed for ever. (n)||(n) Or Christ, who is God over all, blessed for ever||(n) Or Christ. God who is over all be blessed for ever|
|1 Cor. 3.9||are fellow workers for God; (f)||are God's fellow workers; (f)||(f) Greek God's fellow workers||(f) Or fellow workers for God|
|1 Cor. 4.6||to live according to scripture||not to go beyond what is written|
|1 Cor. 7.25||unmarried||unmarried (x2)||(x2) Greek virgins|
|1 Cor. 7.28||a girl||a girl (m2)||(m2) Greek virgin|
|1 Cor. 7.34||girl||girl (m2)||(m2) Greek virgin|
|1 Cor. 7.36||betrothed,||betrothed, (m2)||(m2) Greek virgin|
|1 Cor. 7.37||betrothed,||betrothed, (m2)||(m2) Greek virgin|
|1 Cor. 7.38||betrothed||betrothed (m2)||(m2) Greek virgin|
|1 Cor. 9.5||brothers||brethren||(n) Greek a sister as wife||(n) Greek woman, sister|
|Eph. 5.32||I take it to mean||I mean in reference to|
|Phil. 2.5||you have||was|
|1 Thess. 4.4||how to take a wife for himself||how to control his own body|
|1 Thess. 5.13||among yourselves.||among yourselves. (c2)||(c2) Or with them|
|Heb. 11.19||hence, figuratively speaking, he did receive him back.||hence he did receive him back and this was a symbol.|
|Rev. title||The Revelation to John||The Revelation to John (The Apocalypse)|
|Rev. 6.6||(a) The denarius was worth about twenty cents||(a) The denarius was a day's wage for a laborer|
The RSV-CE today
When the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) was released in 1989, the original RSV-CE went out of print. However, conservative Catholics reacted negatively to the NRSV's wide use of gender-inclusive language. This use of inclusive language was a major reason the Holy See rejected the NRSV for use in the liturgy and the English translation of the Catechism.
The original RSV-CE was revived in 1994 when Ignatius Press re-published it as the Ignatius Bible. Today, the 1966 edition of the RSV-CE is still published by Ignatius, Scepter Publishers, Oxford University Press, Saint Benedict Press and in India by Asian Trading Corporation. It is a common misunderstanding that "-CE" versions were the Bible translations used in the English edition of the Catechism of the Catholic Church. The versions used in the first edition of the Catholic Catechism were the "non-CE" versions of the NRSV and the RSV. The NRSV-CE (1989) is an adaptation for Catholic use of the NRSV. Although the NRSV was used in the American edition of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the NRSV (non-CE) was rejected for liturgical use by the Holy See owing to inclusive language in some unacceptable places. With this exception, like the predecessor RSV, it is a good formal equivalent translation (i.e. literal, but literary).
In Early 2006, Ignatius Press released the RSV-CE 2nd Edition (though it is listed on the copyright page as being the Ignatius Edition). This edition removed archaic pronouns (thee, thou) and the accompanying verb forms (didst, speaketh), and revised passages used in the lectionary according to the Vatican document Liturgiam authenticam, and exchanged some texts with footnotes in passages that were favored by traditional or familiar Catholic renderings. The Isaiah 7:14 ("almah") controversy in the Protestant RSV was resolved by replacing "young woman" with "virgin", as Catholics (as well as Protestants) point to this verse as foretelling the role of The Virgin Mary in the birth of Christ. Psalm 139.14 – which for grammatical reasons is not easy to translate – was also re-translated to show more clearly its support of the Catholic teaching opposing abortion. The verse read (and still reads in the 1977 Protestant edition):
"I praise thee, for thou art fearful and wonderful. Wonderful are thy works! Thou knowest me right well..."
It now reads:
"I praise you, for I am wondrously made. Wonderful are your works! You know me right well..."
The new edition also features new typesetting, section headings, and maps. As was the case with the original RSV, gender-neutral language is not used.
This edition has had various claims about it regarding the extent of its status of "conformity" to, or to being "revised" based on, the translation principles called for by Liturgiam authenticam. Some reviewers of this edition[who?] have noted that while a number of Liturgiam authenticam-corresponding revisions were made to the text, the changes made were made only to those portions of the text used in lectionary readings. Ignatius Press has stated that the changes were suggested only by the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, and were not an in-house edit. The title page of the edition actually states "This edition was revised according to Liturgiam authenticam, 2002" which can be accepted as a more proper and accurate description, compared to the Ignatius Press website's usage of the stronger word "conformity".
As with the Protestant and First Catholic Editions of the RSV, the copyright remains in the hands of the NCC's Division of Christian Education.
Liturgical use and endorsements
Currently, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops has decreed that "the revised Lectionary, based on the New American Bible is the only English-language Lectionary that may be used at Mass in the dioceses of the United States, except for the current Lectionary for Masses with Children which remains in use."
However, Ignatius Press has published a Lectionary based on the RSV-Second Catholic Edition, approved for use by the Episcopal Conference of the Antilles and by the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments for use in the personal ordinariates created for former Anglicans under the provision of the Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum Coetibus. Currently, the Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of Walsingham in the United Kingdom has adopted the Revised Standard Version - Second Catholic Edition as "the sole lectionary authorized for use" in its liturgies. It is not, at present, approved for liturgical use in the United States outside the Anglican Use parishes of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter, although it is emerging as a popular study and devotional Bible for Catholic scholars and laity with an appreciation for the formal equivalence approach to the translation.
Many well-known Catholic personalities, including Scott Hahn (see also Ignatius Catholic Study Bible series), Curtis Mitch, Steve Ray, Jimmy Akin, and others use it as well. The English translations of the works of Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (now Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI) also use the RSV-CE or its Second Edition.
However, the New American Bible Revised Edition remains the official English-language Catholic translation for the United States, as is reflected by its use on the website of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Australia and Europe use the first edition Jerusalem Bible.
- Reginald C. Fuller, gen. ed. A New Catholic Commentary on Holy Scripture. London: Nelson, Ltd.; 1969
- See any book by Hahn (ICSB, The Lamb's Supper, Reasons to Believe), Mitch (ICSB, CCSS [NAB], A Study Guide for Jesus of Nazareth), Jimmy Akin (Fathers Know Best, Salvation Controversy), title pages: "All quotations of Scripture in this book are taken from the Revised Standard Version - [Second] Catholic Edition unless otherwise noted".
- Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition, online text
- United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
- Current list of discovered revisions found by Catholic Answers Forums members, made between the original RSV-CE and the RSV Second Catholic Edition, with comparison to other editions
- Extensive review of the RSV
- StudyLight.org Online bible versions includes the RSV
- RSV-CE on EWTN