Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist–Leninist)
|Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist-Leninist)|
|Headquarters||John Buckle Centre,
170 Wandsworth Road,
London SW8 2LA
|European Parliament group||None|
|Politics of the United Kingdom
The Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist–Leninist) (RCPB-ML) is a British communist political party. It was named the Communist Party of England (Marxist-Leninist) from March 1972, until it was reorganised after rejecting Maoism as revisionist and embracing the former communist regime in Albania instead. The party's thinking is based on the politics of Hardial Bains, who died in 1997. Born in India, Bains travelled the world founding anti-revisionist communist parties.
Like other Bains-inspired parties, the then CPE(ML) took the Chinese side in the Sino-Soviet split, thus being endorsed by Albania, then allied with Maoist China, and opposing both the capitalist West and the Soviet bloc. As a result, it supported the Three Worlds Theory promoted by Beijing and, as a consequence of this anti-Soviet line, supported British membership of NATO[dubious ]. However, during the deterioration in Sino-Albanian relations, it increasingly sided with the Party of Labour of Albania. It developed party to party relations with the Party of Labour of Albania and renounced Maoism.
In 1973 it put forward 2 candidates in parliamentary by-elections, and in the February 1974 general election stood in 6 constituencies and 8 searts in the October 1974 election, but has contested no further elections. Their highest recorded vote was 612 (1.2%) in Portsmouth South during the second 1974 general election.
It is a small party and is closely related to the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) and has good relations with the New Communist Party of Britain. It produces a daily internet newspaper called Workers' Daily Internet Edition (WDIE), and has a bookshop in south London named John Buckle Books (named after the RCPB(ML) founding general secretary) and is active in promoting solidarity with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. In 2004, the party declared electoral support for the Respect Coalition, but RCPB(ML) calls for an end to the system that brings parties to power and calls on workers' and peoples' collectives to intervene directly in the political process. The party therefore supports candidates of the alternative to the political system of the bourgeoisie. The party has a system of collective leadership. Its current National Spokesperson is Chris Coleman.
The party has had a links with the progressive music milieu: avant-garde composers such as Cornelius Cardew  and Michael Chant being leading members.  The party's logo is a black hammer and sickle within a yellow star on a red background.
- David Boothroyd The History of British Political Parties, London: Politicos, 2001, p.244
- http://www.rcpbml.org.uk/jbbooks.htm John Buckle Books
- Richard Gott, "Liberation Music" .A review of Cornelius Cardew: A Life Unfinished by John Tilbury, London Review of Books, 15 March 2009.