Revolutionary Communist Party of India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Revolutionary Communist Party of India (RCPI) is a political party in India. The party was founded by Saumyendranath Tagore in 1934, breaking away from the Communist Party of India (CPI). During the period 1934–1938 the name of the party was Communist League. The name RCPI was taken at the third party congress in 1938.

The party has a very limited presence in West Bengal and Assam.

History[edit]

20th century[edit]

RCPI were against the new Popular Frontist politics of CPI and the cooperation with the Indian National Congress. During the Second World War RCPI supported the Quit India Movement, and a large part of the leadership was imprisoned.

After the war RCPI started organizing soviets (panchayats) amongst peasants and workers, as a first step towards the Indian revolution. Different views on the revolutionary what led to a split in 1948, and Pannanlal Dasgupta (who was general secretary of RCPI during the war years) broke away and formed his own RCPI: Dasgupta advocated armed struggle. The leadership of Dasgupta's party was later on taken over by Sudhir Kumar.

In 1960 the Trotskyist Revolutionary Workers Party merged with the RCPI of Kumar. In the state elections in West Bengal the RCPI of Kumar won several seats. But when the RCPI of Kumar supported Jawaharlal Nehru's line in the war against China, many of the leading Trotskyists pulled out of RCPI.

Ahead of the 1967 elections the RCPI of Tagore had been registered under the name Bharater Biplabi Communist Party (RCPI in Bengali) whereas Kumar's party had been registered under the name RCPI.

What later happened to the RCPI of Tagore is unclear. If one studies electoral results from 1971 it appears that he switched over to Kumar's party,[note 1] at the same time as the BBCP lived on. The registered name BBCP disappeared in 1972, then returned in 1977. According to Alexander (see below) Tagore's party was split in two, with one led by Anandi Das. But earlier Anandi Das had been part of Kumar's RCPI.

During the 1980s Kumar's RCPI participated in elections as independent candidates. The party was split in two, and in 1991 West Bengal state assembly elections two RCPIs contested in the Hansan constituency. RCPI (Rasik Bhatt) and RCPI (Gouranga Sit). Later RCPI(GS) seems to have disappeared. Also the parties formed out of Tagore's RCPI seems to have disappeared. RCPI (Rasik Bhatt) is most likely RCPI group still around.

21st century[edit]

In the city of Howrah RCPI won a seat in the municipal council polls in 2003 (In total the Left Front had put up two RCPI-candidates in the city). In the 2008 Panchayet elections, it won three panchayet seats and a zilla parishad seat in Nadia. The party has retained its lone ward in Howrah municipal corporation elections in 2008. In the 2010 municipal polls, RCPI contested ward no.87 in Kolkata as a LF partner. Its candidate was Simki Sengupta. It also contested a seat at Gayeshpur in Nadia district. It retained its seat at Gayeshpur municipality. RCPI's headquarters is at Bhawanipore, Kolkata.

The party had a base in the Shantipore constituency in Nadia district of West Bengal for a long time. The seat was represented by veteran leader late Bimalananda Mukherjee many times. In 2006, Communist Party of India (Marxist) won this seat from RCPI's quota and the party was left with only the Hasan assembly segment in Birbhum district to contest with as a LF constituent.

In the 2011 West Bengal assembly election, the RCPI contested the Hansan (Vidhan Sabha constituency) and the Shantipur (Vidhan Sabha constituency) as a Left Front partner. Both its candidates lost the election.

RCPI had participated in various mass-movements along with the other left parties during the Congres rule in Bengal.

The party has little influence left in Assam. In 2009, Raj Kumar Dowara and Ambu Bora its two candidates in Jorhat and Guhawati, received 5642 and 7477 votes respectively.

It contested both Shantipur and Hasan seats in 2011 assembly polls as a LF partner, losing both of them.

Basthura Kalyan Parishad (Refugee Welfare Council) was an RCPI-related (unclear which faction) organization active in camps for refugees from East Pakistan who came to West Bengal after Partition in 1947. RCPI was especially active in the camps near Nadia.

The party Real Communist Party of India, which existed around 1991, was most probably an RCPI-splinter group.[vague]

RCPI held its 13th party congress at Howrah in 2012.

Election results[edit]

Election results listed by registered party name. Only RCPI-factions which were registered are listed. Winning candidates are marked by *.

Assam 1962
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI 35. GOSSALGAON PRAKASH BORO 1 308 5.61%
52. SORBHOG SRIHARI BARMAN 5 154 18.82%
87. TEOK KSHETRADHAR BARBARUA 2 652 13.27%
88. AMGURI KHAGEN BARBARUA* 8 798 42.80%
89. MAZIRA SARAT CHANDRA DUTTA 1 571 7.24%
90. SONARI HARI KANTA BARUAH 1 241 7.44%
91. THOWRA BUDDHA BARUA 7 574 27.90%
92. SIBSAGAR RAJANI PHUKAN 951 3.94%
Assam 1978
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI 81. LAHARIGHAT FAIZUDDIN 476 1.01%
82. RAHA (SC) MOHAN 2 796 5.50%
83. DHING MD. SAMSUL HUDA* 32 394 76.17%
84. BATADROBA BANESWAR SAIKIA* 13 073 29.02%
89. KALIABOR RUPAM BORA 872 2.45%
103. AMGURI KHAGEN BORBARUA* 11 949 35.60%
105. MAHMARA BUDHA BARUA* 7 574 20.90%
106. SONARI STEN BARUAH 697 1.83%
107. THOWRA SUSEN DEORI 2 465 7.35%
108. SIBSAGAR RAJANI PHUKAN 149 0.32%
Assam 1991
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI(RB) 82. RAHA (SC) MOHAN HAZARIKA 776 1.00%
83. DHING A. RASHID 621 0.84%
84. BATADROBA BANESWAR SAIKIA 895 1.31%
Assam 1996
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI(RB) 82. RAHA (SC) MOHAN HAZARIKA 418 0.47%
83. DHING ABDUR RASHID 522 0.63%
84. BATADROBA PANKAJ SAIKIA 134 0.17%
86. NOWGONG NOOR MAMUD 186 0.22%
101. MARIANI SUNIL KURMI 517 0.90%
105. MAHMARA PRAFULLA GOGOI 1598 2.59%
Assam 2001
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI(RB) 83. DHING ABDUR RASHID 301 0.32%
84. BATADROBA BANESWAR SAIKIA 275 0.34%
West Bengal 1969
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI 73. SANTIPUR M. MAKSHED ALI 21 848 47.49%
115. PATHARPRATIMA GADADHAR BARIK 243 0.41%
153. HOWRAH CENTRAL ANADI DAS* 28 522 58.85%
252. FARIDPUR KISHORE CHATTERJEE 568 1.48%
RCPI 76. CHAKDAH TAGORE SAUYENDRA NATH 7 013 13.23%
77. HARINGHATA MANOHAR RAY 499 0.91%
West Bengal 1971
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI 62. BARWAN MRITYUNHOY GHOSE 779 2.16%
73. SANTIPUR BIMALANANDA MUKHERJEE* 16 818 39.73%
76. CHAKDAH SOMENDRA NATH TAGORE 5 348 9.29%
153. HOWRAH CENTRAL SUDHIN KUMAR* 12 616 39.80%
156. DOMJUR NIRDHAN SARDAR 880 1.54%
246. BARABANI MAJI DAKSHINESWAR 531 1.28%
278. HANSAN (SC) TRILOCHAN MAL* 9 181 44.20%
BBCP 91. GOSABA (SC) KAMALAPADA MONDAL 653 1.21%
232. RAIPUR (ST) SYAM CHARAN MANDY 5 945 13.60%
234. INDPUR (SC) PRAYAG MANDAL* 9 786 29.44%
West Bengal 1972
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI 73. SANTIPUR BIMALANANDA MUKHERJEE 18 626 40.58%
153. HOWRAH CENTRAL SUDHINDRA NATH KUMAR 15 870 37.77%
278. HANSAN (SC) TRILOCHAN MAL 12542 42.01%
West Bengal 1977
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI 73. SANTIPUR BIMALANANDA MUKHERJEE* 28 553 55.72%
217. PINGLA MALATI BHUSAN HAZRA 10 218 22.65%
278. HANSAN (SC) TRILOCHAN MAL* 14 883 39.60%
BBCP 82. CHAKDAHA TAPASH KUMAR CHAKRABORTY 498 0.84%
216 . SABANG GOURANGA SAMANTA* 19 730 41.94%
247 . INDPUR (SC) RADHARAMAN MOI 15 727 33.90%
West Bengal 1991
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI(RB) 292. HANSAN (SC) TRILOCHON DAS* 37878 42.05%
RCPI(GS) 292. HANSAN (SC) UMA KANTA RAY 983 1.09%
West Bengal 1996
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI(RB) 78. SANTIPUR BIMALANANDA MUKHERJEE 67 793 42.74%
292. HANSAN (SC) MIHIR BAIN 37 573 35.21%
West Bengal 2001
Party name Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
RCPI(RB) 78. SANTIPUR ASIM GHOSH 6 527 4.06%
292. HANSAN (SC) MIHIR BAIN 41 858 39.54%
Lok Sabha Election Results for RCPI/RCPI(RB) from Assam
Year of election Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
1962 11. SIBSAGAR RAJANI PHUKAH 33 488 16.08%
1971 10. NOWGONG BANESWAR SAIKIA 32 619 14.34%
1971 12. JORHAT KHOGEN BAR BARUAH 31 810 17.10%
1977 11. KALIABOR SHAMSUL HUDA 45 047 15.63%
1996 10. NOWGONG BANESWAR SAIKIA 1 803 0.25%
1998 11. KALIABOR ABDUR RASHID 2778 0.43%
1998 12. JORHAT PADMA KAMAL PHUKON 1632 0.49%
1999 11. KALIABOR BANESWAR SAIKIA 1516 0.20%
2004 12. JORHAT RAJ KUMAR DOWARA 16691 2.50%
Lok Sabha for RCPI from Bihar
Year of election Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
1962 12. SITAMARHI ALISHER ANSARI 27 325 11.47%
1971 23. KATIHAR LAKSHMI NARAYAN SINGH 1 193 0.43%

The Lok Sabha election results of 1951 mentions one RCPI (registered as a national party), but it is unclear which faction it was (most probably RCPI (Pannanlal)).

State Constituency Name of candidate No. of votes  %
West Bengal 19. SANTIPUR BIML KUMAR CHATTERJEE 26 245 16.31%
Patiala and East Punjab States Union 2. SANGRUR BAKSHI RAM 41 030 19.38%

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The election results shows a Soumendra Nath Tagore as an RCPI candidate, in the same constituency were Sauyendra Nath Tagore stood for BBCP in 1969. It also possible that it is just a mix-up on behalf of the Election Commission.

External links[edit]