Revoz

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Revoz d.d.
Subsidiary
Industry Automotive
Founded June 1988 (June 1988)
Key people
Patrice Haettel
(CEO)[1]
Production output
Decrease 93,733 (2013)[2]
Revenue Decrease 654.4 million (2013)[2]
Decrease €72.2 million (2013)[2]
Profit Decrease €11.5 million (2013)[2]
Total assets Increase €422.3 million (end 2013)[2]
Total equity Decrease €220.4 million (end 2013)[2]
Number of employees
2,036 (December 2013)[2]
Parent Renault
Website www.revoz.si

Revoz (Slovene pronunciation: [ˈrɛʋɔz]) is a manufacturing subsidiary of Renault in Slovenia. It is the only automaker in the country and one of its largest exporters.[3] The company was established in June 1988 as a joint venture between Renault and Industrija motornih vozil. Today, it is wholly owned by Renault.[4]

History[edit]

1959−1988[edit]

Early Renault manufacturing deal with Litostroj[edit]

The first assembly deal of Renault in Slovenia was signed with Ljubljana-based Litostroj in 1969. In November of that year Litostroj started to produce under licence the Renault 4, which was eventually nicknamed "Katrca" (Catherine) and became the most-produced Renault model within the country.[5] Litostroj also manufactured transmissions for French-assembled vehicles.[6] The deal ended in 1972.[7]

Industrija motornih vozil[edit]

In the mid-50s a Slovenian company called Agroservis partnered with Auto Union, building a factory to produce DKW models called Moto Montaža. In 1959, it was renamed Industrija motornih vozil (Industry of Motor Vehicles) or IMV. From 1963 to 1972 it assembled British Motor Corporation's Austins, but in 1973 it signed a partnership agreement with Renault,[7] building Renaults 4 (mainly), 12, 16 and 18.[8] In 1976 IMV became the second-largest manufacturer by volume in Yugoslavia after Zastava.[6] The company manufactured 26,000−49,000 cars per year between 1977 and 1990, but huge misguided investments in 1978 left it on the verge of bankruptcy.[9]

1988−present[edit]

In 1988, Renault (as minority holder) and IMV formed a joint venture and created Revoz. Since the early 1990s it became one of the largest exporters (more than 5% of total country's exports) and employers (with more than 2000 workers) of Slovenia.[4] The company started to manufacture the Renault 5 alongside the 4 (Revoz was the last plant where these cars were built).[8] In 1991, Renault became the major company's shareholder, with a 54% stake.[4] According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development the key reason behind Renault's inversion was to have a factory for supplying the big Yugoslavia's domestic market, although that country's dissolution made it to transform Revoz into an export-oriented company.[10] Since 1993, the company assembles the Clio.[8] Revoz managed the Serbian operations until a Renault subsidiary was created.

In December 2001, Renault increased its ownership to 66,68%.[11] In 2002, Revoz's commercial branch was split to form the subsidiary Renault Nissan Slovenia d.o.o, in charge of sales.[8] In 2004, Revoz became a wholly owned subsidiary of Renault.[4] From 2010 to 2013, the company manufactured the Wind.

Impact of the European crisis[edit]

In early 2012, with European markets' demand declining, the company had to suspend its night shift and personnel.[12] Revoz also negotiated with the trade unions shorter work shifts. In January 2013, the production returned to normal levels. The company manufactures new Renault and Daimler models to improve the production output.[13] The first model developed by the Renault-Daimler collaboration, the third-generation Renault Twingo, entered into production in May 2014 and was followed by Daimler's second-generation Smart Forfour by autumn 2014, with both cars sharing many parts.[14]

Novo Mesto factory[edit]

The Revoz factory is located in Novo Mesto, covering 584,000 square meters. Since April 2007 it has produced the Twingo[3] having, since 1993, assembled the Clio. It has a Sheet Metal Shaping Department (press shop), a Paint Shop Department and an Assembly Shop.[15] In 2010 the production output was of 212,680 cars.


References[edit]

  1. ^ "New boss taking over at carmaker Revoz". sloveniatimes.com. The Slovenia Times. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Overview of operations". Revoz. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Dijkman, D. (2007). Europe Real Estate Yearbook 2007. Real Estate Publishers BV. p. 489. ISBN 9-077-99711-3. 
  4. ^ a b c d Borrás, Susana; Tsagdis, Dimitrios (2008). Cluster Policies in Europe: Firms, Institutions and Governance. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 150. ISBN 1-845-42758-0. 
  5. ^ "Happy Birthday Renault 4!". sloveniatimes.com. The Slovenia Times. 13 July 2011. Archived from the original on 24 January 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Gutman, Patrick (1980). "Coopération industrielle Est−Ouest dans l'automobile et modalités d'insertion des pays de l'Est dans la division internationale du travail occidentale (IIe partie)" [East−West industrial cooperation on automobiles and modes of integration of Eastern European countries in the international division of Western labor (Part II)]. Revue d'études comparatives Est-Ouest (in French) (Editions NecPlus) 11 (3): 57–100. doi:10.3406/receo.1980.2298. ISSN 2259-6100. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 September 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Turnock, David (2004). "Economy, industry and agriculture". The Economy of East Central Europe, 1815−1989: Stages of Transformation in a Peripheral Region. Routledge. pp. 305–306. ISBN 0-415-18053-8. 
  8. ^ a b c d "History". Revoz. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  9. ^ Palairet, Michael (1994). "The Rise and Fall of Yugoslav Socialism". In Good, David F. Economics transformations in East and Central Europe: legacies from the past and policies for the future. Contemporary Economic History of Europe. Routledge. p. 106. ISBN 0-415-11266-4. 
  10. ^ "Foreign Direct Investment Trends and Prospects". OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Slovenia. OECD Investments Policy Reviews, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 1. OECD Publications. 2002. pp. 24–25. ISBN 92-64-19697-8. 
  11. ^ Mihaescu, Olga; Rialp, Alex; Rialp, Josep (2005). "Las relaciones de España con los NEM" [Spain's relationships with NEMs]. La internacionalización de la empresa española en los nuevos estados miembros de la UE: Guía práctica [The internationalisation of Spanish companies in the new UE member states: Handbook]. Documents d'Economia Industrial (in Spanish) 24. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. p. 97. ISBN 84-933208-5-4. 
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference A1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ "Production re-launched at Revoz". sloveniatimes.com. The Slovenia Times. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "Revoz launches production of new Renault Twingo". sloveniatimes.com. The Slovenia Times. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  15. ^ "Production Process". Revoz. Retrieved 6 October 2012.