Rewari railway station

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Rewari Railway Junction
रेवाड़ी जंक्शन रेलवे स्टेशन
Indian Railway Station
Rewari Junction Railway Station.JPG
Station statistics
Address Station Road, Rewari, Haryana
 India
Coordinates 28°12′12″N 76°36′40″E / 28.20333°N 76.61111°E / 28.20333; 76.61111Coordinates: 28°12′12″N 76°36′40″E / 28.20333°N 76.61111°E / 28.20333; 76.61111
Elevation 246 metres (807 ft)
Line(s) Delhi-Jaipur line
Rewari-Rohtak line
Bathinda-Rewari line
Platforms 11
Tracks 6
Parking Available
Baggage check Not Available
Other information
Opened 1873
Rebuilt 2009-11
Electrified No
Station code RE
Zone(s) North Western Railway zone
Division(s) Jaipur Division
Owned by Indian Railways
Operator Indian Railways
Station status Functional
Rewari - Garhi Harsaru - Sarai Rohilla - Delhi
Track gauge 1676 mm
Length 82 km
Rewari - Alwar - Bandikui - Jaipur - Phulera - Ajmer
Track gauge 1676 mm
Length 360 km
Rewari - Ringas - Phulera - Ajmer
Track gauge 1676 mm
Length 295 km
Rewari - Loharu - Sadulpur
Track gauge 1676 mm
Length 141 km
Rewari - Bhiwani - Hisar
Track gauge 1676 mm
Length 143 km
Rewari - Jhajjar - Rohtak
Track gauge 1676 mm
Length 81 km

Rewari railway junction (Hindi: रेवाड़ी जंक्शन रेलवे स्टेशन), station code RE, is a major railway station of the Indian Railways serving the city of Rewari in the Indian state of Haryana. It is in the Jaipur Division of the North Western Railway zone and lies on the Delhi-Ajmer-Ahmedabad route. Six railway lines branch out from this railway station. The seventh railway line from Rewari will be laid as a dedicated freight railway line as a part of the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor.).[1]

Location[edit]

Rewari railway junction station is located 82 km southwest of old Delhi and 65 km southwest of the nearest large airport at Palam, New Delhi.

History[edit]

Beginning[edit]

Rewari railway station was established in 1873 after the 82 km long first commercial 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge railway track in India was laid from Delhi railway station to Rewari by Rajputana State Railway in 1872.[2][3] A 41 km long segment of the railway line had been laid a year earlier from Delhi to Garhi Harsaru that catered to existing flourishing salt production works (from underground brine) at Farrukhnagar, 12 km to its west. The railway line was extended from Rewari to Alwar and Bandikui in 1874 and then to Jaipur and Ajmer in 1875 by Rajputana-Malwa Railway and eventually to Palanpur in Gujarat in 1881 from where a metre gauge track had already been built to Ahmedabad in 1879. Rewari became a railway junction when more metre gauge railway lines were laid from Rewari in other directions.

Growth[edit]

Over time, railway lines were laid from Rewari to Bikaner via Loharu, Sadulpur, Churu and Ratangarh; to Bhiwani and Hisar to connect with Bhatinda (completed in 1884 by Rajputana-Malwa Railway[4][5]) and Ludhiana; and to Phulera via Narnaul, Neem-Ka-Thana and Ringas (laid in 1905). Eventually five metre gauge tracks branched out from Rewari. All metre gauge trains starting from (and terminating at) Delhi railway junction (station code DLI) to Punjab, Rajputana, Saurashtra, Kutch and north Gujarat regions passed through Rewari station.

The management of Rajputana-Malwa Railways (and Rewari railway station) was transferred to Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BBCI) in 1889. BBCI became Western Railway in 1951. Delhi-Rewari-Bikaner railway line was transferred to Bikaner Division of newly formed Northern Railway zone in 1952 while Rewari-Jaipur and Rewari-Ringas-Phulera sections remained in Western Railway.

Current status[edit]

Rewari-Delhi railway line was transferred from Bikaner Division of Northern Railway to Delhi Division of Northern Railway on formation of North Western Railway zone in 2002 but Rewari railway junction itself remained in North Western Railway zone. The recently commissioned Rewari-Rohtak track is in Delhi Division of Northern Railway. The remaining four tracks branching out from Rewari railway station belong to North Western Railway zone. Rewari station itself is in the Jaipur Division of North Western Railway zone.

Six broad gauge tracks branch out from Rewari to

  1. Delhi
  2. Ajmer via Alwar, Bandikui and Jaipur
  3. Ajmer via Ringas
  4. Loharu, Sadulpur and Churu
  5. Hisar and Bhatinda
  6. Jhajjar and Rohtak (constructed in 2008-2012 and commissioned in January 2013)

Gauge conversion[edit]

Conversion of metre gauge to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge under Project Unigauge started in 1991. The Delhi-Rewari railway line had double metre gauge tracks and one of the tracks was converted to broad gauge in December 1994 as a part of conversion of Ajmer-Delhi line.[6] This allowed metre gauge trains from north Rajasthan to continue up to Delhi railway junction on the remaining track while broad gauge trains ran from Delhi railway junction to Rewari on the other track. Rewari-Bhatinda track was converted to broad gauge in December 1994[7] and Delhi was connected to Bhatinda (and further north) by broad gauge trains via Rewari for the first time opening an alternative route. Rewari-Jaipur-Ajmer track was converted to broad gauge in 1995 and broad gauge trains started running from Ajmer to Delhi via Rewari. Broad gauge trains started running from Ahmedabad to Delhi via Rewari from May 2007.

Within a few years, both the tracks from Sarai Rohilla to Delhi railway junction were converted to broad gauge and all metre gauge trains stopped operating from Delhi junction. As a result of this, all metre gauge trains to Rewari and beyond terminated at and started from Sarai Rohilla which became a railway terminus. By September 2006, the second metre gauge track from Sarai Rohilla to Rewari was also converted to broad gauge and all metre gauge trains stopped operating between Rewari and Sarai Rohilla (though the converted track was "officially" dedicated to the nation by politicians only in October 2007).[8][9] Rewari thus became the terminus of metre gauge trains for the next three years. For example, the train from Bikaner to Delhi ran on metre gauge track up to Rewari and then a connecting train ran on broad gauge track from Rewari to Delhi junction.

All metre gauge railway tracks from Rewari were converted to broad gauge by the end of 2010. Therefore metre gauge trains stopped operating from Rewari. This obviated the need for change of trains at Rewari which no longer remained a gauge-change station.[10] Broad gauge trains now connected Rewari to various cities in all parts of India.

Largest metre gauge railway junction[edit]

Rewari was the world's oldest and largest commercial metre gauge railway junction until 2010 when this fact became a part of history.[10] Rewari is now one of the largest railway junctions in India with six railway lines converging here. Only one railway junction in India, namely Mathura Junction, has seven railway lines converging there. Rewari will also have seven railway lines when the railway line from Rewari to Asaoti railway station north of Palwal on the Mathura-Palwal-Tughlakabad main railway line is laid as a dedicated freight railway line as a part of the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor in a few years.

Doubling[edit]

Rewari is a major junction on the Indian railway network. It has connections to major cities in India by direct trains and is a major freight transit station. Therefore Ahmedabad-Rewari-Ludhiana trunk route is being doubled to cater to ever increasing containerised freight trains. The Delhi-Rewari railway line had double metre gauge track earlier; now it has double broad gauge track since 2008. The Rewari-Ajmer railway line via Bandikui and Jaipur has double track since 2011. The doubling of the track from Ajmer to Ahmedabad has been approved and will take a few years for execution. The track to Hisar towards Ludhiana is being doubled and already a segment has been doubled.

Future plans[edit]

Electrification[edit]

There are plans to electrify the Rewari-Delhi railway line.[11] Electric trains (EMU) may run between Delhi and Rewari when the track is electrified.

A regional Mass Rapid Transport Service (MRTS) with a feeder service is likely to come up between Gurgaon and Rewari to enhance connectivity between Delhi and the developing manufacturing hubs in Rewari district and Bhiwadi.[12]

Seventh railway line[edit]

Plans for the seventh railway line from Rewari to Palwal on Agra-Delhi main railway line were under consideration for over two decades.[13] This railway line will now be built from Rewari to Pirthal and Asaoti railway station north of Palwal on the Mathura-Palwal-Tughlakabad main railway line [14] as a dedicated freight railway line as a part of the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor[15] being constructed by Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India ([DFCCI).[16]

Rewari railway junction's earlier signboard

Western Dedicated Freight Corridor[edit]

The 1,534 km long Dedicated Freight Corridor from Kandla port and the JNPT container seaport at New Bombay to Dadri near Delhi passes through Rewari station. As there is not much space available at Rewari railway yard, a container stabling yard is being built west of Rewari station at Khori. On the eastern end of the railway line from Rewari towards Dadri, a container yard and industrial estate is being built at Pirthal near Asaoti railway station north of Palwal. The project is being funded by Japan.

Double-stacked container freight trains[edit]

Rewari is a major transit station for freight traffic from Bombay, Kandla and other ports in western India towards Delhi and northern states of Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu-Kashmir. As the railway tracks from Kandla, Pipavav, Mundra and other ports in Saurashtra to Ahmedabad and Palanpur and then to Rewari via Ringas are not electrified, freight trains (goods trains) with containers double-stacked ply on this route to Rewari junction and then take the containers further north from Rewari. Infringements like low road overbridges and foot overbridges that fouled with double-stacked containers were either dismantled or raised in years 2004-06 for running these freight trains.

In India freight (goods) trains can carry standard containers double-stacked on flat-bed wagons with normal axle load of about 22 tonnes and do not require special low-bed wagons unlike in other countries that have (relatively narrow) 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge. They carry almost 4000 tonnes per rake which is almost twice the load a normal goods train can haul. Some double-stacked container freight trains on this route through Rewari station also carry "high cube" containers that are 2896 mm (9 ft 6 inch) high (higher than standard containers that are generally 8 ft or 2.438 mm high) on special low-well wagons owned by private clients.[17] Some private logistics operators have built container storage yards north of Rewari near Garhi Harsaru (south of Gurgaon) for this purpose.

Facilities[edit]

Rewari railway station has all major facilities like high level platforms, waiting rooms, retiring rooms, restaurants, computerised ticket reservation and bookshop. On conversion of metre gauge tracks to broad gauge, the station yard was remodelled and the tracks and platforms were rearranged to provide 10 platforms in 2009-10; low level metre gauge platforms were raised higher. Some heritage buildings that were more than 100 years old were demolished to lay new railway lines and build high level platforms.[18] New buildings have been constructed.

Trains[edit]

Before 2008, metre gauge trains from Rewari terminated at Delhi and there was no direct train from Rewari to east or south of Delhi or beyond Ahmedabad in the west. Rewari was also not connected by metre gauge trains with metre gauge railway networks of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and South India. Now Rewari railway station is connected by trains with all major cities of India. Rewari railway station's location on the Delhi-Ajmer-Ahmedabad trunk route and on the route to Punjab makes it an important railway junction. Numerous express and superfast trains from all over the country pass through it. About 90 trains (45 pairs of trains) originate or stop at Rewari railway station as on November 2012.

The following is a list of a few trains stopping at Rewari railway station.

Train No. Train Name Zone From To Scheduled Dep
12915 Ashram Express WR Ahmedabad/ADI Delhi/DLI 08:25
12372 Jaisalmer-Howrah Express ER Jaisalmer/JSM Howrah/HWH 12:55
22452 Mumbai Bandra-Chandigarh Exp NR Bandra/BDTS Chandigarh/CDG 10:45
19602 New Jalpaiguri-Ajmer Exp NWR New Jalpaiguri/NJP Ajmer/AII 15:22
19565 Uttaranchal Exp WR Okha/OKHA Dehradun/DDN 07:45
12413 Pooja Exp NR Ajmer/AII Jammu/JAT 20:18

Rewari heritage steam locomotive museum[edit]

Rewari Heritage Steam Locomotive Museum

Rewari Heritage Steam Locomotive Museum is the only surviving steam loco shed in India and houses some of India's last surviving steam locomotives. Built in 1893, it was the only loco shed in North India for a long time and a part of the track connecting Delhi with Peshawar.[19] After steam engines were phased out by the 1990s and steam traction on metre gauge tracks was discontinued in January 1994,[7] the loco shed remained in neglect for many years before it was decided to rehabilitate it. The steam shed reopened in May 2002. In December 2002 Indian Railways declared it a heritage museum.[20] The shed was refurbished as a heritage tourism destination, its heritage edifice was restored and a museum was added by the Indian Railways exhibiting Victorian-era artefacts used on the Indian rail network, along with the old signalling system, gramophones and seats. The refurbished heritage museum was opened in October 2010. The engines will also be available for live demonstrations.[19][21][22]

Rewari steam loco shed, being the only surviving repository of steam locos in India housing some of India’s last surviving steam locomotives, has become an ideal choice for filmmakers. The Rewari steam locos have been rented out for various film shoots and a part of the film Gandhi, My Father was shot here.[19][23] The locos at the shed have appeared in films such as Gadar: Ek Prem Katha, Guru, Love Aaj Kal, Gandhi and Bhaag Milkha Bhaag among others.

Fairy Queen steam engine[edit]

Fairy Queen is the oldest working engine in the world and one of national treasure (cultural artifacts) of India. The engine was built in 1855 and acquired by the Eastern Indian Railways from a British firm. Now it is used to haul a train used for tourism purposes that departs from the Delhi Cantonment railway station and reaches its destination at Alwar in Rajasthan via Rewari.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ It is entirely on a new alignment from Rewari to Dadri
  2. ^ "MG". Nwr.indianrailways.gov.in. 1997-05-03. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  3. ^ http://www.irfca.org/faq/faq-history2.html%7C World's first commercial MG service runs from Delhi to Rewari
  4. ^ "Gazetteer of India, Haryana, Hisar". Communications, page 135. Haryana Government. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Rajputana Malwa State Railway". fibis. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  6. ^ IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: IR History: Part 5 Ajmer-Delhi MG railway line converted to BG
  7. ^ a b Overview of Bikaner Division
  8. ^ Press Information Bureau English Releases
  9. ^ "Delhi-Haryana rail link gets better". The Hindu. 8 October 2007. 
  10. ^ a b "World's oldest commercial meter gauge is history". The Times of India. 
  11. ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/planning/downloads/vision_2020_blue_050411.pdf
  12. ^ "Gurgaon-Rewari MRTS mooted". The Times Of India (India). 21 November 2009. 
  13. ^ http://tcpharyana.gov.in/Notification/FDP%20Dharuhera%202021.pdf
  14. ^ "Status of Dedicated Freight Corridors of Indian Railways - 238". Steelguru.com. 2011-11-30. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  15. ^ "Dedicated Freight Corridor Project". Railway Technology. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  16. ^ A 32km single line from proposed Pirthala railway junction (near Asaoti station on Delhi-Mathura line) to Tughlakabad
  17. ^ Double stack containers 2896mm high permitted to run on Gurgaon-Rewari section at max. 75 kmph speed
  18. ^ "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Haryana Plus". Tribuneindia.com. 2009-12-31. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  19. ^ a b c Ghosh, Dwaipayan (10 Aug 2010). "Eye on Games, black beauties gather steam". The Times of India (India). 
  20. ^ "National Conference on Steam Heritage Tourism inaugurated". Ministry of Railways. 2 December 2002. 
  21. ^ "Gathering steam". The Indian Express (India). 4 Apr 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  22. ^ Rewaristeamloco.com
  23. ^ "Charm of Chhuk-Chhuk". The Tribune (India). 3 July 2005. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rewari.