|Bishop of Hereford|
|Diocese||Diocese of Hereford|
|Term ended||October 1115|
|Successor||Geoffrey de Clive|
|Consecration||11 August 1107
by Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury
Reynelm (or Reinhelm or Reinelm or Rainald or Regenhelm; died 1115) was a medieval Bishop of Hereford.
Reynelm's origins are unknown, but Gundulf of Rochester, the Bishop of Rochester, may have been his patron, as a letter of 1101 implies that Gundulf ordained him a priest. He was the chancellor to Queen Matilda of England, wife of King Henry I before 3 September 1101. He was also priest of the church of Rochester. He was nominated to the see of Hereford around Christmas of 1102 and invested, or given the symbols of the office along with the temporalities of the see, with the bishopric by the king. Anselm, the Archbishop of Canterbury, refused to consecrate Reynelm then, because Reynelm had been invested by the king. The archbishop and the king were involved in the Investiture Crisis, where the church objected to the secular powers giving the symbols of ecclesiastical office to clerics. King Henry then persuaded the Archbishop of York to consecrate the bishops that had been elected but whom Anselm refused to consecrate because they had been invested by the king. Reynelm refused to be consecrated by Gerard, the Archbishop of York, and the king exiled Reynelm from England in retaliation. Reynelm resigned the temporalities back into the king's control before 29 March 1103 because of concerns over having received investiture by the king.
Reynelm was consecrated by Archbishop Anselm on 11 August 1107, at Canterbury. Reynelm made a written profession of obedience to Anselm also. The profession is the only charter or other document to survive from his episcopate. He probably was responsible for the rebuilding of Hereford Cathedral as a Romanesque cathedral. Reynelm also assisted at the consecration of Llanthony Priory in the see of Llandaff in 1108.
- Barrow "Reinhelm (d. 1115)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Barrow Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: volume 8: Hereford: Bishops
- Vaughn Anselm of Bec pp. 248–249
- Barlow English Church 1066–1154 p. 80
- Hollister Henry I pp. 166–167
- Vaughn Anselm of Bec p. 309
- Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 250
- Barlow, Frank (1979). The English Church 1066–1154: A History of the Anglo-Norman Church. New York: Longman. ISBN 0-582-50236-5.
- Barrow, J. S. (2002). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: volume 8: Hereford: Bishops. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 26 October 2007.
- Barrow, Julia (May 2007). "Reinhelm (d. 1115)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/95041. Retrieved 28 June 2008. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Cantor, Norman F. (1958). Church, Kingship, and Lay Investiture in England 1089–1135. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- Hollister, C. Warren; Frost, Amanda Clark (ed.) (2001). Henry I. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08858-2.
- Vaughn, Sally N. (1987). Anselm of Bec and Robert of Meulan: The Innocence of the Dove and the Wisdom of the Serpent. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-05674-4.
|Catholic Church titles|
|Bishop of Hereford
Geoffrey de Clive