Rhamnus caroliniana

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Rhamnus caroliniana
Rhamnus caroliniana.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rhamnaceae
Genus: Rhamnus
Species: R. caroliniana
Binomial name
Rhamnus caroliniana

Rhamnus caroliniana (syn. Frangula caroliniana), the Carolina Buckthorn, is an upright shrub or small tree native to the Southeastern United States. There is a local disjunct population in Mexico as well.[1]

Natural range


Rhamnus caroliniana is usually around 12 to 15 feet high, but capable of reaching 40 feet in a shaded location.[2] The most striking characteristic of this plant are its shiny, dark green leaves. The flowers are very small and inconspicuous, pale yellow-green, bell-shaped, appearing in leaf axils in late spring after the leaves. The fruit is a small (1/3 inch) round drupe; at first red, but later turning black with juicy flesh. It ripens in late summer.[3]

Despite its common name, the Carolina Buckthorn is completely thornless.