Rhein-Neckar-Kreis

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This article is about the German district Rhein-Neckar-Kreis. See also the greater Rhine Neckar area in Germany.
Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
District
Baden-Württemberg HD (district).svg
Country  Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Adm. region Karlsruhe
Capital Heidelberg
Area
 • Total 1,061.71 km2 (409.93 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 527,287
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration HD
Website http://www.rhein-neckar-kreis.de

Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is a district (Kreis) in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Bergstraße, Odenwaldkreis, Neckar-Odenwald, Heilbronn, Karlsruhe, the free district of Speyer, the Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis, and the municipalities of Mannheim and Heidelberg.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1973 by merging the previous districts of Heidelberg, Mannheim and a big part of Sinsheim.

Geography[edit]

It is named after the two main rivers which flow through the district, the Rhine and Neckar. The highest elevation is the Stiefelhöhe, near Heiligkreuzsteinach, with 583 m in the Odenwald mountains, the lowest elevation with 92 m is near Ilvesheim in the Neckar valley.

Government[edit]

The district is governed by a district assembly (Kreistag) and a district executive (Landrat). The eligible voters of the district elect the Kreistag every 5 years. This body in turn elects the Landrat every 8 years. The Landrat is the legal representative of the district as well as the speaker of the Kreistag and its committees. The Landrat manages the office of the Landrat (Landratsamt) and is the chief official of the district. The duties of the Landrat include the preparation of the district assembly meetings and its committees. The Landrat calls the meetings, acts as speaker, and carries out the decisions made. In the Kreistag, the Landrat has no vote. The Landrat has a second, called the first district official (Erste Landesbeamte).

Landrat of the district Heidelberg 1945–1972:

  • 1945–1946: Hermann Specht (provisional)
  • 1946–1947: Erich Reimann
  • 1947–1954: Herbert Klotz
  • 1954–1972: Georg Steinbrenner

Landrat of the district Mannheim 1945–1972:

  • 1945: Richard Freudenberg (appointed)
  • 1945–1946: Karl Geppert (appointed)
  • 1946: Dr. Valentin Gaa (appointed)
  • 1946–1948: Ernst Becherer
  • 1948–1970: Dr. Valentin Gaa
  • 1970–1972: Albert Neckenauer

Landrat of the district Sinsheim 1945–1972:

  • 1945–1946: Roman Großmann (appointed)
  • 1946: Gottlob Barth und Dr. Kurt von Kirchenheim (both appointed)
  • 1946: Wolfgang Rutschke (appointed to oversee businesses)
  • 1946–1947: Hermann Lindner (appointed)
  • 1947–1948: Dr. Johann Gutermann
  • 1948: Dr. Ludwig Bernheim
  • 1948–1949: Georg Steinbrenner (appointed to oversee businesses)
  • 1949–1950: Dr. Walther Reidel (appointed)
  • 1950–1972: Dr. Paul Herrmann

Landrat of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis since 1973:

  • 1973 Georg Steinbrenner, Amtsverweser
  • 1973–1986: Albert Neckenauer
  • 1986 to present: Dr. Jürgen Schütz

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms

The wavy line in the left of the coat of arms represent the two rivers Rhine and Neckar. The lion in the right side is the symbol of Palatinate, as the area belonged to that area historically.

Cities and towns[edit]

Städte (Cities)
Eberbach in HD.png Wappen Eberbach Baden.png Eberbach 15 258 81.2 km²
Eppelheim in HD.png Eppelheim Wappen.svg Eppelheim 14 629 5.6 km²
Hemsbach in HD.png Wappen Hemsbach Bergstrasse.png Hemsbach 12 230 12.9 km²
Hockenheim in HD.png Wappen Hockenheim.png Hockenheim 21 031 34.8 km²
Ladenburg in HD.png Wappen Ladenburg.png Ladenburg 11 473 19 km²
Leimen in HD.png Wappen Leimen Baden.png Leimen 26 932 20.6 km²
Neckarbischofsheim in HD.png Neckarbischofsheim Wappen.png Neckarbischofsheim 3 946 26.4 km²
Neckargemuend in HD.png Wappen Neckargemuend.png Neckargemünd 14 032 26.2 km²
Rauenberg in HD.png Wappen Rauenberg Kraichgau.png Rauenberg 7 631 11.1 km²
Schoenau in HD.png Wappen Schoenau Odenwald.png Schönau 4 696 22.5 km²
Schriesheim in HD.png Wappen Schriesheim.png Schriesheim 14 855 31.6 km²
Schwetzingen in HD.png Wappen Schwetzingen.png Schwetzingen 22 159 21.6 km²
Sinsheim in HD.png Wappen Sinsheim.png Sinsheim 35 517 127 km²
Waibstadt in HD.png Wappen Waibstadt.png Waibstadt 5 659 25.6 km²
Walldorf in HD.png Wappen Walldorf Baden.png Walldorf 14 774 19.9 km²
Weinheim in HD.png Wappen Weinheim.png Weinheim 43 692 58.1 km²
Wiesloch in HD.png Wappen Wiesloch.png Wiesloch 25 897 30.3 km²
Gemeinden (Municipalities)
Altlussheim in HD.png COA Altlußheim.svg Altlußheim 5 296 16 km²
Angelbachtal in HD.png Wappen Angelbachtal.svg Angelbachtal 5 002 17.9 km²
Bammental in HD.png Wappen Bammental.png Bammental 6 498 12.2 km²
Bruehl in HD.png Wappen Bruehl Baden.png Brühl 14 256 10.2 km²
Dielheim in HD.png Wappen Dielheim.png Dielheim 8 933 22.7 km²
Dossenheim in HD.png Wappen Dossenheim.png Dossenheim 12 008 14.1 km²
Edingen-Neckarhausen in HD.png Wappen Edingen-Neckarhausen.png Edingen-Neckarhausen 14 127 12 km²
Epfenbach in HD.png Wappen Epfenbach.svg Epfenbach 2 517 13 km²
Eschelbronn in HD.png Wappen eschelbronn.png Eschelbronn 2 572 8.2 km²
Gaiberg in HD.png Wappen Gaiberg.png Gaiberg 2 427 4.2 km²
Heddesbach in HD.png Wappen Heddesbach.png Heddesbach 494 8.2 km²
Heddesheim in HD.png Wappen Heddesheim.png Heddesheim 11 566 14.7 km²
Heiligkreuzsteinach in HD.png Wappen Heiligkreuzsteinach.png Heiligkreuzsteinach 3 054 19.6 km²
Helmstadt-Bargen in HD.png Wappen Helmstadt-Bargen.svg Helmstadt-Bargen 3 793 28 km²
Hirschberg in HD.png Wappen Hirschberg Bergstrasse.png Hirschberg an der Bergstraße 9 405 12.4 km²
Ilvesheim in HD.png Wappen Ilvesheim.png Ilvesheim 7 768 5.9 km²
Ketsch in HD.png Wappen Ketsch.png Ketsch 12 808 16.5 km²
Laudenbach in HD.png Wappen Laudenbach Bergstrasse.png Laudenbach 6 110 10.3 km²
Lobbach in HD.png Wappen Lobbach.png Lobbach 2 401 14.9 km²
Malsch in HD.png Wappen Malsch HD.png Malsch 3 401 6.8 km²
Mauer in HD.png Wappen Mauer Baden.png Mauer 3 919 6.3 km²
Meckesheim in HD.png Wappen Meckesheim.png Meckesheim 5 343 16.3 km²
Muehlhausen in HD.png Wappen Muehlhausen Kraichgau.png Mühlhausen (Kraichgau) 8 218 15.3 km²
Neidenstein in HD.png Wappen Neidenstein.png Neidenstein 1 820 8.5 km²
Neulussheim in HD.png COA Neulußheim.svg Neulußheim 6 675 3.4 km²
Nussloch in HD.png Wappen Nussloch.png Nußloch 10 734 13.6 km²
Oftersheim in HD.png Wappen Oftersheim.png Oftersheim 10 686 12.8 km²
Plankstadt in HD.png Wappen Plankstadt.png Plankstadt 9 559 8.4 km²
Reichartshausen in HD.png Wappen Reichartshausen.svg Reichartshausen 2 015 10 km²
Reilingen in HD.png Wappen Reilingen.svg Reilingen 7 068 16.4 km²
Sandhausen in HD.png Wappen Sandhausen.png Sandhausen 14 336 14.6 km²
Schoenbrunn in HD.png Wappen Schoenbrunn Baden.png Schönbrunn 2 987 34.5 km²
Spechbach in HD.png Wappen Spechbach.png Spechbach 1 720 8.5 km²
StLeon-Rot in HD.png Wappen St Leon-Rot.png St. Leon-Rot 12 539 25.6 km²
Wiesenbach in HD.png Wappen Wiesenbach (Baden).svg Wiesenbach 3 092 11.1 km²
Wilhelmsfeld in HD.png Wappen Wilhelmsfeld.png Wilhelmsfeld 3 293 4.8 km²
Zuzenhausen in HD.png Wappen Zuzenhausen.png Zuzenhausen 2 138 11.6 km²

Sights[edit]

Dilsberg Neckartal.jpg Dilsberg Bergfeste Dilsberg is a castle on a mountain over the Neckar River in Neckargemünd.
Eberbach Neckar 2001.JPG Eberbach The historic old town with its four towers, many timber-frame houses and some town wall remnants, is a magnet for tourists.
Mercedes-tribuene-2005.jpg Hockenheim The Hockenheimring is the home of the Formula One German Grand Prix.
Roemermuseum Ladenburg 01.JPG Ladenburg Ladenburg has an old town from the Late Middle Ages. Its history dates back to Celtic and Roman ages.
Neckargemuend Elsenz-Muendung.jpg Neckargemünd Neckargemünd still keeps its medieval charm.
Schwetzingen01.jpg Schwetzingen Schwetzingen Castle was the summer residence of the Electors Palatine Karl III Philip and Charles Theodore.
Concorde F-BVFB (Sinsheim).JPG Sinsheim Sinsheim's main tourist attraction is the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum, displaying a collection of historic vehicles to over 1 million visitors per year.
Windeck.JPG Weinheim Weinheim is situated on the Bergstraße ("Mountain Road") on the western rim of the Odenwald.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°22′N 8°44′E / 49.367°N 8.733°E / 49.367; 8.733