Rheine

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Rheine
Rheine-Emswehr.jpg
Coat of arms of Rheine
Coat of arms
Rheine is located in Germany
Rheine
Rheine
Coordinates: 52°17′N 7°26′E / 52.283°N 7.433°E / 52.283; 7.433Coordinates: 52°17′N 7°26′E / 52.283°N 7.433°E / 52.283; 7.433
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Münster
District Steinfurt
Government
 • Mayor Angelika Kordfelder (SPD)
Area
 • Total 145.08 km2 (56.02 sq mi)
Elevation 27 - 90 m (−268 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 73,484
 • Density 510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 48429, 48431, 48432
Dialling codes 05971, 05975, 05459
Vehicle registration ST, BF, TE
Website www.rheine.de

Rheine is a town in the district of Steinfurt in Westphalia, Germany. It is the largest town in the district and the location of Rheine Air Base.

Geography[edit]

Rheine is on the river Ems, approx. 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Münster, approx. 45 kilometres (28 mi) west of Osnabrück and 45 kilometres (28 mi) east of Enschede (Netherlands).

Division of the town[edit]

Rheine consists of 15 districts:

  • Altenrheine
  • Bentlage
  • Catenhorn
  • Dorenkamp
  • Dutum
  • Elte
  • Eschendorf (Kiebitzheide)
  • Gellendorf
  • Hauenhorst
  • Rheine (city centre)
  • Mesum
  • Rodde
  • Schleupe
  • Schotthock
  • Wadelheim
Rheine, church: Basilika katholische Pfarrkirche Sankt Antonius
Hauenhorst, church: katholische Pfarrkirche Sankt Mariä Heimsuchung


Transport[edit]

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

Although the region around the city has been populated since prehistoric times, Rheine was first mentioned in a document signed by Louis the Pious in 838. On 15 August 1327 it received its town charter from Louis II, Bishop of Münster.

The settlement was near to the crossing of two old merchant roads and a ford over the river Ems. Frankish soldiers initially secured this strategic point by a barrack yard. Later a church and more buildings were added to this outpost.

At the end of the Thirty Years' War the city was burned down almost completely. Swedish and Hessian troops besieged imperial soldiers who had entrenched themselves in Rheine. On 20/21 September and 19 October 1647 glowing cannonballs set fire to the city and 365 houses were destroyed.

During the industrialization the textile industry prospered. It remained an important economic factor until the second half of the 20th century. Today engineering industries and services form the largest part of economy in Rheine.

International relations[edit]

Rheine is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]