Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Plant

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Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Plant
Rheinsberg nuclear plant.JPG
Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Plant is located in Germany
Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Plant
Location of Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Plant
Country Germany, formerly East Germany
Coordinates 53°8′49.17″N 12°59′24.54″E / 53.1469917°N 12.9901500°E / 53.1469917; 12.9901500Coordinates: 53°8′49.17″N 12°59′24.54″E / 53.1469917°N 12.9901500°E / 53.1469917; 12.9901500
Construction began 1956
Commission date October 11, 1966
Decommission date June 1, 1990
Operator(s) Energiewerke Nord
Nuclear power station
Reactor type VVER
Power generation
Units decommissioned 1 x 70 MW

Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Station was the second nuclear reactor in East Germany after the Rossendorf Research Reactor, and the first nuclear power reactor in East Germany. It was built close to the city of Rheinsberg on the Stechlinsee. The power station was one of the first generation of demonstration power reactors.

Control room in 1966
Engraving on 10 Mark DDR banknote

Start-up[edit]

The project commenced in 1956, and construction began January 1, 1960. First criticality followed on March 11, 1966 (the reactor was not pressurised at that time however). Full start-up did not take place until May 9, and commercial power production didn't begin until October 11, 1966.

Achievement[edit]

The single pressurized water reactor was of Soviet design - type VVER-210. Gross power of the station was 70 MWe, but 8 MWe was required to run plant systems, so net output to the grid was 62 MWe. Gross power output was subsequently raised to 75 MWe and then 80 MWe as operating experience increased. Cooling water was taken from the Nehmitzsee and by a special discharge channel was discharged into the Stechlinsee. The plant accumulated 130,000 hours of operating time.

Safety[edit]

Before German reunification in 1990 put an end to operations the power station was shut down due to safety problems.[clarification needed] An end-of-life shutdown in 1992 had been scheduled in any case.

Since 1995 the plant has been undergoing decommissioning activities conducted by the company previously operating the plant during its active life (Energiewerke Nord GmbH). Radioactive materials are being moved to a temporary storage facility.

The area is under consideration for either site "greening" or conversion into an industrial complex once the plant has been dismantled The worst accident occurring at the plant during operation was classified as an INES 2-level event. A tear in tubing in a cooling circuit was noticed quickly and was repaired. In 2011, Deutschlandradio Kultur produced a radioplay about this event. "Rheinsberger Restlaufzeit" combines a fictional story with original sound clips of the former spokesman of the nuclear power plant as he reconstructs the events of 1973.[1]

Picture on DDR Currency[edit]

The engraving on the reverse of the 1971 series East German 10 Mark banknote shows a female engineer at the control console of the Rheinsberg plant. The obverse features women's rights advocate Clara Zetkin.

See also[edit]

Nuclear plants built in the former East Germany

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rheinsberger Restlaufzeit, Deutschlandradio, 2011