Rhenock

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Rhenock
Rhenock
रिनाक
city
Rhenock is located in Sikkim
Rhenock
Rhenock
Location in Sikkim, India
Coordinates: 27°10′N 88°38′E / 27.17°N 88.64°E / 27.17; 88.64Coordinates: 27°10′N 88°38′E / 27.17°N 88.64°E / 27.17; 88.64
Country  India
State Sikkim
District East Sikkim
Elevation 1,040 m (3,410 ft)
Languages
 • Official Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Mangar, Sherpa, Tamang and Sunwar
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 737 133
Telephone code 03592

Rhenock (Nepali: रिनाक ) is a small town in the east district in the Indian state of Sikkim, located at 27°10′36″N 88°38′36″E / 27.176622°N 88.6432°E / 27.176622; 88.6432. It lies 63 kilometres east of Gangtok on the way to Jelepla Pass at an altitude of 1,040 metres.[1] The word Rhe-nock (in Lepcha dialect) means Black Hill. Situated in the extreme east of Sikkim, Rhenock witnessed the establishment of the first police outpost in the state, which is the historical event. [2]

History[edit]

Rhenock was covered with dense forest in and around the 13th century. The Lepchas were the early settlers about five or six hundred years ago. After the Lepchas, Bhutias settled in the villages presently known as Kyongsa, Aritar, Tarpin, Reshi and Chalisey. The people who settled here after the 16th century were mostly from Nepali ethnic groups such as Newars, Bahuns (Adhikari, Paudel, Gautam, Dahal, Bhandari, Pokhrel and Achaarja), Chhetri (Subedi, Khatiwada & Bista), Gurung, Rai and Limboo.

People[edit]

Rhenock is inhabited by people of different ethnic groups such as Lepchas, Bhutias, Nepalis (Gorkhas), Biharis and Marwaris. Lepcha tribes who were early settlers have their own unique culture. Originally followers of Shamanism, they later became followers of Buddhism. Some of them are followers of Christianity. Bhutias are another group of tribes who are followers of Buddhism and who have their own identity and culture. The majority of the people are Indian Nepalis also known as Gorkha. Most of them are Hindus by religion. Some of the Nepalis Gurung after 1990 became Buddhist; before that they were followers of Hinduism. Some others are followers of Christianity. In spite of the above, everyone respects others' beliefs and faiths and celebrates others' festivals which makes a peaceful and prosperous society.

Educational Institutions[edit]

Rhenock has about 130 years' long history of education. Rhenock School is among the oldest schools of Sikkim. It was established by a Christian missionary in the year 1880 at Rhenock (Khamdong).[3] Later it was taken over by the government of Sikkim and shifted to Kingstone. Presently the school is known as Senior Secondary School, Rhenock. A Sanskrit Pathshala (School) was run in the premises of Rhenock Temple to teach Sanskrit and rituals to train Hindu priests. After the merger of Sikkim into the Indian union more than a dozens of schools were opened by the government of Sikkim. Rhenock now has the following educational institutions:

  • Government Degree College
  • Government Senior Secondary School, Rhenock
  • Government Secondary School, Tarpin
  • Government Secondary School, Sudunglakha
  • Government Secondary School, Aritar
  • St. Joseph's School, Rhenock
  • Sanskrit School at Khamdong & Rhenock Bazar
  • Others: Junior High Schools and many primary schools

Places of interest[edit]

Aritar Lake
Rhenock
East Sikkim

Pangulakha Wild Life Sanctuary (covered from Chandney to Bhutan border) Lampokhari Lake, Mangkhim, Hattey pahile. Darpaney in Mulukey East Sikkim

References[edit]