Rhinoceros Party

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This article is about the current Canadian federal political party. For its predecessor, see Rhinoceros Party of Canada (1963–1993).
Rhinoceros Party
Parti Rhinocéros
Leader François Gourd[1]
Founded May 21, 2006
Headquarters 2–4534, de l’Hôtel-de-Ville Avenue
Montréal, Quebec
H2T 2B1
Ideology Satirical, Joke political party
Colours Red, white
Seats in the House of Commons
0 / 308
Website
Official website
Politics of Canada
Political parties
Elections

The Rhinoceros Party (French: Parti Rhinocéros) is a Canadian federal political party, referred to in English Canada as the Second Rhinoceros Party. It was known as neorhino.ca until 2010, when the party changed names and registered a new party logo. It was created in Montreal on May 21, 2006, and recognized by Elections Canada as being eligible for registration on August 16, 2007, and an official political party on August 23, 2007.[2] It is the successor to the Rhinoceros Party of Canada.

The party was founded by François "Yo" Gourd, who was involved with the original incarnation of the First Rhinoceros Party. He stated he named the new party (then under the name "neorhino") for the Rhinoceros Party and for Neo, the Matrix character.[3] The party is currently led by François Gourd.

It promises, like its predecessor, not to keep any of its promises if elected.[4]

Origins[edit]

The Rhino movement was started in 1963 by Jacques Ferron,[5] "Éminence de la Grande Corne du parti Rhinocéros". In the 1970s, a group of artists joined the party and created a comedic political platform to contest the federal election. Ferron (1979), poet Gaston Miron (1972) and singer Michel Rivard (1980) ran against then Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in his Montreal seat.

The party claimed to be the spiritual descendants of Cacareco, a Brazilian rhinoceros who was elected member of São Paulo's city council in 1958, and listed Cornelius the First, a rhinoceros from the Granby Zoo, east of Montreal, as its leader.[6] Cornelius is still featured in the party's official logo. It declared that the rhinoceros was an appropriate symbol for a political party since politicians, by nature, are "thick-skinned, slow-moving, dim-witted, can move fast as hell when in danger, and have large, hairy horns growing out of the middle of their faces."[7]

The party abstained from the 1993 federal election as they questioned the constitutionality of new rules that required the party to run candidates in at least 50 ridings at a cost of $1,000 per candidature.[8] On September 23, 1993, Canada's Chief Electoral Officer, Jean-Pierre Kingsley, refused to accept the party's abstention and ordered the removal of the Rhinoceros Party from the Registry of Canadian Political Parties, effectively eliminating them from the Canadian political system. Kingsley also directed the party's official agent, Charlie (le Concierge) McKenzie, to liquidate all party assets and return any revenues to the Receiver General of Canada. On instructions from the party, McKenzie refused. After two years of threatening letters, Ottawa refused to prosecute McKenzie. Within the following year, the Rhinoceros Party of Canada (1963–1993) dissolved.

Neorhino.ca[edit]

On August 7, 2007, Sa Tan, then-president of the Rhinoceros Party, announced a $50-million lawsuit contesting an election reform law that had stripped his party of its registered status in 1993.

Sa Tan had planned to run under the Rhino banner in the September 2007 by-election. However, the Liberal government passed a law in 1993 stating registered parties must run candidates in at least 50 ridings, at a cost of $1,000 per riding, to keep their status. In protest of the new law, the party planned to abstain from the election. Canada's then-Chief Electoral Officer, Jean-Pierre Kingsley, rejected the abstention and ordered the party removed from the Registry of Canadian Political Parties. The lawsuit was filed as a result of the removal from the National Party Registry by Mr. Kingsley. Since Mr. Salmi had legally changed his name, the lawsuit was filed as Sa Tan vs. Her Majesty The Queen. The lawsuit was dropped after the ruling of the Chief Electoral Officer was reversed in a new law passed in 2004 that said a party only had to run one candidate in a federal election or federal by-election to be considered registered.[4]

Electoral record[edit]

To date, candidates of Neorhino.ca and the Rhinoceros Party have not recorded any electoral victories. Before the Neorhino.ca candidates that stood for the ridings of Outremont and Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot in the 2007 federal by-elections, Neorhino.ca and the Rhinoceros Party before them had not fielded a candidate since Bryan Gold's failed bid to win a 1990 by-election in the New Brunswick electoral district of Beauséjour.

Neorhino.ca candidates did not win any seats in the 2007 by-elections,the 2008 federal election, or the 2011 federal election.

2007/2008 by-elections[edit]

Candidate Votes % Placement District Date
François Gourd 145 0.6 6/12 Outremont September 17, 2007
Christian Willie Vanasse 384 1.2 6/7 Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot September 17, 2007
John Turner 111 0.4 5/6 Vancouver Quadra March 17, 2008

2008 federal election[edit]

Election # of candidates # of votes  % of popular vote  % in ridings run # of seats
2008 7 2,263 0.02% 0.67% 0

2009 by-elections[edit]

Candidate Votes % Placement District Date
Gabrielle Anctil 129 0.7 6/8 Hochelaga November 9, 2009

Rhinoceros Party[edit]

The party changed from neorhino.ca to its new formal name of the Rhinoceros Party in mid-2010. It also registered a new logo with Elections Canada.

Election # of candidates # of votes  % of popular vote  % in ridings run # of seats
2011 14 3,800 0.026% 0.57% 0

2011 candidates[edit]

Riding Province Candidate Occupation Notes Votes % Placement
Ahuntsic Quebec Jean-Olivier Berthiaume 299 0.64 6/6
Berthier—Maskinongé Quebec Martin Jubinville 373 0.66 6/6
Chicoutimi—Le Fjord Quebec Marielle Couture 340 0.67 6/6
Hochelaga Quebec Hugo Samson Veillette 246 0.53 6/8
Honoré-Mercier Quebec Valery Chevrefils-Latulippe 181 0.38 6/7
LaSalle—Émard Quebec Guillaume Berger-Richard 208 0.50 7/7
Laurier—Sainte-Marie Quebec François Yo Gourd 398 0.79 6/9
Outremont Quebec Tommy Gaudet 160 0.41 6/7
Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie Quebec Jean-Patrick Berthiaume Politician[9] Born in Saint-Jérôme, Berthiaume contested Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie in the 2008 federal election as a neorhino.ca candidate.[10] He was the leader of the Rhinoceros Party's Laboratoire des Sciences de la Démocratie (LSD) in 2011.[11] 417 0.77 6/7
Sherbrooke Quebec Crédible Berlingot Landry 233 0.45 6/6
Trois-Rivières Quebec Francis Arsenault 256 0.51 7/7
Westmount—Ville-Marie Quebec Victoria Haliburton 140 0.34 6/7
Peace River Alberta Donovan Eckstrom 345 0.72 6/6
Cariboo—Prince George British Columbia Jordan Turner 204 0.47 7/7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Registered Political Parties: Rhinoceros Party". Elections Canada. Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.elections.ca/content.aspx?section=pol&dir=par&document=index&lang=e#neorhino
  3. ^ "Rhinos return to Canadian political landscape". Canada.com. CanWest. February 29, 2008. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Rhino party escapes extinction to run in September byelection". cbc.ca, August 7, 2007.
  5. ^ "Rhinoceros Party". The Canadian Encyclopedia. 
  6. ^ Ingrid Peritz (August 8, 2007). "After years of near-extinction, the whacky Rhino party is back". The Globe and Mail. 
  7. ^ Evan Kayne (January 12, 2006). "Federal election in dire need of laughs". FFWD Weekly. 
  8. ^ Paul Hellyer (May 1, 1997). "Marginal characters - A guide to some of Canada's lesser-known political parties". Montreal Mirror. 
  9. ^ History of Federal Ridings since 1867: ROSEMONT--LA PETITE-PATRIE (2011/05/02), Parliament of Canada, accessed 23 November 2013.
  10. ^ Berthiaume received 319 votes (0.61%), finishing sixth.
  11. ^ Éric Noël, "Jean-Patrick Berthiaume du parti Rhinocéros: de la folie à la créativité", Rue Masson, 22 April 2011, accessed 23 November 2013.

External links[edit]