Rhinoclavis

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Rhinoclavis
Rhinoclavis vertagus shell.jpg
Apertural view of a shell of Rhinoclavis vertagus.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Sorbeoconcha
Superfamily: Cerithioidea
Family: Cerithiidae
Subfamily: Cerithiinae[1]
Genus: Rhinoclavis
Swainson, 1840[2]
Species

See text

Synonyms[3]
  • Cerithium (Semivertagus) Cossmann, 1889
  • Clava Fabricius, 1823
  • Ochetoclava Woodring, 1928
  • Vertagus Schumacher, 1817

Rhinoclavis is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Cerithiidae, the ceriths. [3]

Occurrence[edit]

Species in this genus occur throughout the Indo-Pacific, the Marshall Islands, the Solomon Islands, the Philippines, Australia and the Gulf of Aqaba. These deposit-feeding gastropods can be found in clearer shallow water in coral reefs, preferring sandy to muddy bottoms.

Species[edit]

According to the World Register of Marine Species (WORMS), Rhinoclavis consists of the following subgenera and species:[4]

  • Rhinoclavis alexandri (Tomlin, 1923)
  • Rhinoclavis taniae Cecalupo, 2008
  • Rhinoclavis (Longicerithium) Houbrick, 1978
    • Rhinoclavis (Longicerithium) longicaudatum (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  • Rhinoclavis (Proclava) Thiele, 1929
  • Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) Swainson, 1840
    • Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) articulata (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850)
    • Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) aspera (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) bituberculata (G.B. Sowerby II, 1866)
    • Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) brettinghami Cernohorsky, 1974
    • Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) diadema Houbrick, 1978
    • Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) fasciata (Bruguière, 1792)
    • Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) sinensis (Gmelin, 1791)
    • Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) vertagus (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species brought into synonymy
  • Rhinoclavis aluco (Linnaeus, 1758): synonym of Pseudovertagus aluco (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Rhinoclavis articulata (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850): synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) articulata (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  • Rhinoclavis asper: synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) aspera (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Rhinoclavis aspera (Linnaeus, 1758): synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) aspera (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Rhinoclavis bituberculata (G.B. Sowerby II, 1866): synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) bituberculata (G.B. Sowerby II, 1866)
  • Rhinoclavis brettinghami Cernohorsky, 1974: synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) brettinghami Cernohorsky, 1974
  • Rhinoclavis diadema Houbrick, 1978: synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) diadema Houbrick, 1978
  • Rhinoclavis fasciata (Bruguière, 1792): synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) fasciata (Bruguière, 1792)
  • Rhinoclavis mountfordae Cotton, 1964: synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) fasciata (Bruguière, 1792)
  • Rhinoclavis nobilis (Reeve, 1855): synonym of Pseudovertagus nobilis (Reeve, 1855)
  • Rhinoclavis obeliscus (Bruguière, 1792): synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) sinensis (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Rhinoclavis pulchra (A. Adams in G.B. Sowerby II, 1855): synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) brettinghami Cernohorsky, 1974
  • Rhinoclavis sordidula (Gould, 1849): synonym of Rhinoclavis (Proclava) sordidula (Gould, 1849)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bouchet P., Rocroi J.-P., Frýda J., Hausdorf B., Ponder W., Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks) 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3925919724. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  2. ^ Swainson W. J. (1840). Treat. Malacol. 157, 315.
  3. ^ a b Gofas, S. (2012). Rhinoclavis. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137762 on 2012-07-12
  4. ^ Worms : Rhinoclavis

Further reading[edit]

  • Houbrick, R.S. 1978. The family Cerithiidae in the Indo-Pacific. Part 1. The genera Rhinoclavis, Pseudovertagus and Clavocerithium. Monographs of Marine Mollusca 1:1–130. The names mentioned can be found at OBIS: Indo Pacific Molluscan database
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180–213

External links[edit]