Mouse-tailed bats are a group of insectivorous bats of the family Rhinopomatidae with only three to six species, all contained in the single genus Rhinopoma. They are found in the Old World, from North Africa to Thailand and Sumatra, in arid and semi-arid regions, roosting in caves, houses and even the Egyptian pyramids. They are relatively small, with a body length of just 5 to 6 centimetres. They weigh between 6 to 14 g.
Mouse-tailed bats get their name from their long tails, which are almost entirely free of the wing membrane. Uniquely among living insectivorous bats, these tails are nearly as long as their entire body. They also possess a small, rounded, nose-leaf, and a band of skin across the forehead, joining their ears. They feed on insects, such as flies and beetles.
- Genus Rhinopoma
- Lesser Mouse-tailed Bat, Rhinopoma hardwickei Gray, 1831
- Macinnes's Mouse-tailed Bat, Rhinopoma macinnesi Hayman, 1937
- Greater Mouse-tailed Bat, Rhinopoma microphyllum (Brünnich, 1792)
- Small Mouse-tailed Bat, Rhinopoma muscatellum Thomas 1903
- Rhinopoma cystops Thomas 1903
- Rhinopoma hadramauticum Benda et al 2009
- Benda, Petr; Reiter, Antonín; Al-Jumaily, Masaa; Nasher, Abdul Karim & Hulva, Pavel (2009). "A new species of mouse-tailed bat (Chiroptera: Rhinopomatidae: Rhinopoma) from Yemen". Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 177 (6): 53–68. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
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