Rhinopomatidae

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Mouse-tailed Bats
Rhinopoma microphyllum.jpg
Rhinopoma microphyllum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Suborder: Microchiroptera
Superfamily: Rhinopomatoidea
Family: Rhinopomatidae
Genus: Rhinopoma
Geoffroy 1818[1]
Species

R. hadramauticum
R. hardwickei
R. macinnesi
R. microphyllum
R. muscatellum

Mouse-tailed bats are a group of insectivorous bats of the family Rhinopomatidae with only three to six species, all contained in the single genus Rhinopoma. They are found in the Old World, from North Africa to Thailand and Sumatra, in arid and semi-arid regions, roosting in caves, houses and even the Egyptian pyramids. They are relatively small, with a body length of just 5 to 6 centimetres.[2] They weigh between 6 to 14 g.

Mouse-tailed bats get their name from their long tails, which are almost entirely free of the wing membrane. Uniquely among living insectivorous bats, these tails are nearly as long as their entire body. They also possess a small, rounded, nose-leaf, and a band of skin across the forehead, joining their ears.[3] They feed on insects, such as flies and beetles.

Mouse-tailed bats become torpid during cold weather, although they do not truly hibernate. They live in roosts of a thousand or more members, and have one or two young per year.[3]

Classification[edit]

FAMILY RHINOPOMATIDAE

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Benda, Petr; Reiter, Antonín; Al-Jumaily, Masaa; Nasher, Abdul Karim & Hulva, Pavel (2009). "A new species of mouse-tailed bat (Chiroptera: Rhinopomatidae: Rhinopoma) from Yemen". Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 177 (6): 53–68. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Macdonald, D., ed. (1984). The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. p. 800. ISBN 0-87196-871-1. 
  3. ^ a b Fenton, M. Brock (2001). Bats. New York: Checkmark Books. pp. 122–124. ISBN 0-8160-4358-2.