Rhodiola integrifolia

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Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia habitus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Crassulaceae
Genus: Rhodiola
Species: R. integrifolia
Binomial name
Rhodiola integrifolia
Raf.
Synonyms

Sedum integrifolium
Sedum rosea

Rhodiola integrifolia is a species of flowering plant in the stonecrop family known by the common names western roseroot, king's crown, and ledge stonecrop. It is native to Eurasia and western North America, where it grows in mountainous habitat in subalpine and alpine climates, including meadows, cliffs, and talus. It is a perennial herb producing a stout stem from a fleshy, branching caudex, reaching a maximum height near 30 centimeters. The fleshy leaves are alternately arranged on the stem, widely lance-shaped to oval and pointed, flat but upcurved toward the tip, reaching 2.5 centimeters long. They are green when new and age to orange, rose, or red. The inflorescence is a dense cyme of up to 50 flowers with fleshy petals in shades of bright red to deep purple.

There are several subspecies of this plant, with one, ssp. leedyi, very rare and limited to a few populations in Minnesota and upstate New York.[1] This subspecies is considered a relict from times when its range was covered in glaciers; it survives on barren cliffs which are kept cold by air blowing through cracks from subterranean caves.[1] It is treated as a federally listed threatened species in the United States.[1]

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