Rhodope (Roman province)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Province of Rhodope
Provincia Rhodopeia
Province of the Roman Empire
c. 293 – 7th century
Location of Rhodope
Rhodope within the Diocese of Thrace c. 400.
Capital Trajanopolis
Historical era Late Antiquity
 -  Diocletian's provincial reforms c. 293
 -  Slavic invasion of the Balkans 7th century

Rhodope (Greek: Ῥοδόπη, Ἐπαρχία Ῥοδόπης) was a late Roman and early Byzantine province, situated on the northern Aegean coast. A part of the Diocese of Thrace, it extended along the Rhodope Mountains range, covering parts of modern Western Thrace (in Greece) and south-western Bulgaria. The province was headed by a governor of the rank of praeses, with Trajanopolis as the provincial capital. According to the 6th-century Synecdemus, there were six further cities in the province, Maroneia, Maximianopolis, Nicopolis, Kereopyrgos (unknown location) and Topeiros (mod. Toxotai in Greece).

The province survived until the Slavic invasions of the 7th century, although as an ecclesiastic province, it continued in existence at least until the 12th century. The theme of Boleron covered most of the area in later Byzantine times.

Episcopal sees[edit]

Episcopal sees of the Roman province of Rhodope listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013

Sources[edit]