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|Welsh: Y Rhyl|
Rhyl shown within Denbighshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Vale of Clwyd|
|Welsh Assembly||Vale of Clwyd|
Rhyl (Welsh: Y Rhyl, pronounced [ə ˈr̥ɨl]) is a seaside resort town and community in Denbighshire, situated on the north east coast of Wales, at the mouth of the River Clwyd (Welsh: Afon Clwyd). To the west is the suburb of Kinmel Bay, with the resort of Towyn further west, Prestatyn to the east and Rhuddlan to the south. At the 2001 Census, Rhyl had a population of 24,889. The conurbation of Abergele-Rhyl-Prestatyn has a population of over 60,000.
Rhyl has long been a popular tourist destination for people all over Wales and North West England.
Once an elegant Victorian resort, there was an influx of people from Liverpool and Manchester after World War II changing the face of the town. The area had declined dramatically by 1990, but has since improved due to a series of regeneration projects bringing in major investment. European funding, secured by the Welsh Government, has produced millions for the development of Rhyl's seafront.
The town is also the post town for one of three acute general hospitals in North Wales. Glan Clwyd Hospital, located in nearby Bodelwyddan, is the second largest of the three (after Wrexham Maelor) and provides emergency care and general surgery.
The origin of the name "Rhyl" is not fully known. However, the name appears in old documents variously as Hyll (1506), Hull (1508), [Leidiart] yr Hyll (1597), Rhil (1706), Rhûl (1749), Rhul (1773) Rhyll (1830), and Rhyl (1840), all of which are variations (and some anglicizations) of an uncertain original form. Other suggestions have been made that it might derive from the similar sounding Yr Hill (as in "The Hill") or Yr Heol "(The Street)". Another theory is that the name Rhyl originates from the Welsh 'Ty yn yr haul' meaning 'House in the sun' written 'Ty'n yr haul' note that the oldest known dwelling is actually called 'Ty'n rhyl' and that the town marketed itself as a resort as 'Sunny Rhyl'.
Buildings and landmarks
A Rhyl landmark was the Pavilion Theatre, an ornate building with five domes, which was demolished in 1973 and the adjacent pier which was finally removed in 1972. Rhyl's top attractions on the West Parade are now Rhyl Children's Village theme park and the 250-foot (76 m) high Sky Tower (formerly the Clydesdale Bank tower, brought to Rhyl from the 1988 Glasgow Garden Festival), which opened in 1993, but closed to the public in 2010.
On the East Parade is the SeaQuarium and the Rhyl Suncentre, an indoor leisure swimming pool featuring an indoor monorail, as well as Europe's first indoor surfing pool. Next door stands the New Pavilion Theatre, which opened in 1991. A run of traditional beach shops runs alongside the sea front. The Carneddau Mountains can be seen from the beach.
Barratt's of Tyn Rhyl is the oldest house in Rhyl. It is run as a hotel and restaurant.
The derelict Welsh Baptist Tabernacle chapel built in 1867 has been bought by the Muslim community and been renamed the Islamic Cultural Centre.
The Marine Lake, an artificial excavation in the west of the town, used to be a tourist destination, with fairground rides and a zoo. The lake is a 12 hectares man-made reservoir and it was officially opened in 1895. Rhyl Miniature Railway is the only original attraction remaining on the site, a narrow gauge railway that travels around the lake and is now based at the new museum and railway centre. There is also a playground and numerous watersports clubs based around the lake.
The Marine Lake Funfair was eventually replaced by the Ocean Beach Funfair and demolished in the late 1960s. Ocean Beach finally closed on 2 September 2007 to make way for Ocean Plaza, a development which includes flats, a hotel and retail outlets, including a supermarket.
In an effort to regenerate and boost declining tourism, a number of projects are underway or being proposed. As well as the £85 million Ocean Plaza complex on the site of the former Ocean Beach Funfair, projects include the Drift Park development on the promenade and the reopening of the town's miniature railway around the Marine Lake.
The West End of Rhyl is undergoing much reconstruction. One of the major investments is at Rhyl College, a satellite site of Llandrillo College, with the investment being worth approximately £4 million. 2010 part of Rhyl College the new Sixth form centre.
They have partnered with Sony to redesign Rhyl cinema, it will be in 3D and in 4K resolution, it was finished and unveiled in July 2011.
The first Welsh medium secondary school was opened in Rhyl in 1956 on Rhuddlan Road and was called Ysgol Glan Clwyd. The school then moved to St. Asaph in 1969. The building now houses Rhyl's Welsh medium primary school Ysgol Dewi Sant, which in 2009 celebrated 60 years. There are two English medium secondary schools: Rhyl High School and Blessed Edward Jones RC High School.
Rhyl Football Club were a successful football team in the Welsh football pyramid. In the 2003–04 season they won the Welsh Premiership Championship, the Welsh Cup and the Welsh League Cup, and were losing finalists in the FAW Premier Cup. In the 2008–09 season they again won the Welsh Premier League.
Rhyl now play in the Cymru Alliance. On 17 May 2010, it was announced that Rhyl's Welsh Premier license had been revoked. Their appeal was unsuccessful and they were relegated to the Cymru Alliance.
Rhyl railway station is situated on the North Wales Coast Line and is served by through trains provided by Virgin Trains between Holyhead and London Euston, and Arriva Trains Wales services to Cardiff Central via Newport and Crewe, and to Manchester Piccadilly.
- Arthur Cheetham - The first film-maker based in Wales, worked in Rhyl.
- Ruth Ellis – The last woman to be hanged in Britain (1955).
- Ched Evans – Convicted rapist and former professional footballer.
- Lee Evans – Comedian.
- Albert Gubay – Founder of Kwik Save.
- Sir Robert Jones, Bt, KBE, CB (1857–1933), orthopaedic surgeon.
- Ted Hankey – Darts player.
- Adrian Henri – Poet and painter.
- Barry Hilton - South African comedian.
- Nerys Hughes – Television actress.
- Sir John T. Houghton - Climatologists, former Chief Executive of the Met Office and former co-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
- Peter Moore – Serial killer.
- Mike Peters – Member of the Alarm.
- Lisa Scott-Lee – Member of pop group Steps.
- Steve Strange – Pop singer.
- Sara Sugarman – Film director.
- "2001 Census: Rhyl". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 June 2008.
- "Rhyl". Place Name Research Centre. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- "Sky Tower stays shut". Rhyl Journal. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- "Rhyl Skytower may still have a future but not as a ride". BBC News. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- "End of an era for Rhyl's funfair". BBC News. 2 September 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2007.
- "£4m for Rhyl Creates New Opportunities and Jobs". Coleg Llandrillo Rhyl. Archived from the original on 7 January 2008. Retrieved 16 January 2008.