Rhyl

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Rhyl
Y Rhyl
Town & Community
Rhyl Seafront
Rhyl Seafront
Map showing Rhyl within Denbighshire
Map showing Rhyl within Denbighshire
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country Wales
Region North East Wales
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Principal area Denbighshire
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Mayor Cllr. Dave Simmons
Area
 • Town & Community 3.45 sq mi (8.94 km2)
 • Urban 2.25 sq mi (5.82 km2)
Population (2011)
 • Town & Community 25,149
 • Urban 25,149
 • Urban density 11,000/sq mi (4,300/km2)
Postcode district LL18
Area code(s) 01745
Website http://www.rhyl-wales.co.uk

Rhyl (Welsh: Y Rhyl, pronounced [ə ˈr̥ɨl]) is a seaside resort town and community in Denbighshire, situated on the north east coast of Wales, at the mouth of the River Clwyd (Welsh: Afon Clwyd). To the west is the suburb of Kinmel Bay, with the resort of Towyn further west, Prestatyn to the east and Rhuddlan to the south. At the 2011 Census, Rhyl had a population of 25,149.[1] The conurbation of Abergele-Rhyl-Prestatyn has a population of over 60,000.

Rhyl has long been a popular tourist destination for people all over britain.

Once an elegant Victorian resort, there was an influx of people from Liverpool and Manchester after World War II changing the face of the town. The area had declined dramatically by 1990, but has since improved due to a series of regeneration projects bringing in major investment. European funding, secured by the Welsh Government, has produced millions for the development of Rhyl's seafront.

The town is also the post town for one of three acute general hospitals in North Wales. Glan Clwyd Hospital, located in nearby Bodelwyddan, is the second largest of the three (after Wrexham Maelor) and provides emergency care and general surgery.

Etymology[edit]

The origin of the name "Rhyl" is not fully known. However, the name appears in old documents variously as Hyll (1506), Hull (1508), [Leidiart] yr Hyll (1597), Rhil (1706), Rhûl (1749), Rhul (1773) Rhyll (1830), and Rhyl (1840),[2] all of which are variations (and some anglicizations) of an uncertain original form. Other suggestions have been made that it might derive from the similar sounding Yr Hill (as in "The Hill") or Yr Heol "(The Street)". Another theory is that the name Rhyl originates from the Welsh 'Ty yn yr haul' meaning 'House in the sun' written 'Ty'n yr haul'. The oldest known dwelling is called 'Ty'n rhyl' and that the town marketed itself as a resort as 'Sunny Rhyl'.

Buildings and landmarks[edit]

Rhyl clock tower and East Parade

A Rhyl landmark was the Pavilion Theatre, an ornate building with five domes, which was demolished in 1973 and the adjacent pier which was finally removed in 1972. Rhyl's top attractions on the West Parade are now Rhyl Children's Village theme park and the 250-foot (76 m) high Sky Tower (formerly the Clydesdale Bank tower, brought to Rhyl from the 1988 Glasgow Garden Festival), which opened in 1993, but closed to the public in 2010.[3][4]

On the East Parade is the SeaQuarium and the Rhyl Suncentre. The Suncentre was an indoor leisure centre which opened in 1980 at a cost of £4.25m and featured a heated swimming pool and Europe's first indoor surfing pool.[5]. The local council took the decision to close the centre in early 2014.[6] Next door stands the New Pavilion Theatre, which opened in 1991. A run of traditional beach shops runs alongside the sea front. The Carneddau Mountains can be seen from the beach.

Barratt's of Tyn Rhyl is the oldest house in Rhyl. It is run as a hotel and restaurant.

The derelict Welsh Baptist Tabernacle chapel built in 1867 has been bought by the Muslim community and been renamed the Islamic Cultural Centre.

Marine Lake[edit]

Former Ocean Beach Funfair site (December 2007)

The Marine Lake, an artificial excavation in the west of the town, used to be a tourist destination, with fairground rides and a zoo. The lake is a 12 hectares man-made reservoir and it was officially opened in 1895. Rhyl Miniature Railway is the only original attraction remaining on the site, a narrow gauge railway that travels around the lake and is now based at the new museum and railway centre. There is also a playground and numerous watersports clubs based around the lake.

The Marine Lake Funfair was demolished in the late 1960s, having been replaced by the nearby Ocean Beach Funfair. Ocean Beach finally closed on 2 September 2007 and was demolished to make way for a planned new development, Ocean Plaza. This was to include apartments, a hotel and various retail outlets.[7] However, work on Ocean Plaza never went ahead as scheduled and the land lay vacant for several years after the original developers, Modus Properties, went bankrupt in 2009. The site was sold to a new company, Scarborough Development Group (SDG), in 2010 though again no work commenced on the site for several years. In 2014, SDG submitted revised plans to develop the land on a much smaller scale than the original plans.[8] The plans no longer include the building of new apartments on the land as Natural Resources Wales’ flood regulations now prohibit this.[9]

Regeneration project[edit]

In an effort to regenerate and boost declining tourism, a number of projects are underway or being proposed. As well as the £85 million Ocean Plaza complex on the site of the former Ocean Beach Funfair,[7] projects include the Drift Park development on the promenade and the reopening of the town's miniature railway around the Marine Lake.

The West End of Rhyl is undergoing much reconstruction. One of the major investments is at Rhyl College, a satellite site of Llandrillo College, with the investment being worth approximately £4 million.[10] 2010 part of Rhyl College the new Sixth form centre.

Ann Jones, who has lived in Rhyl all her life, has been the Assembly Member for the Vale of Clwyd since 1999. Chris Ruane has been the MP for Rhyl since 1997.

They have partnered with Sony to redesign Rhyl cinema, it will be in 3D and in 4K resolution, it was finished and unveiled in July 2011.

Education[edit]

The first Welsh medium secondary school was opened in Rhyl in 1956 on Rhuddlan Road and was called Ysgol Glan Clwyd. The school then moved to St. Asaph in 1969. The building now houses Rhyl's Welsh medium primary school Ysgol Dewi Sant, which in 2009 celebrated 60 years. There are two English medium secondary schools: Rhyl High School and Blessed Edward Jones RC High School.

Sport[edit]

Rhyl Football Club are a successful football team with an illustrious history in English non-league football, but playing since 1992 in the Welsh football pyramid. In the 2003–04 season they won the Welsh Premiership Championship, the Welsh Cup and the Welsh League Cup, and were losing finalists in the FAW Premier Cup. In the 2008–09 season they again won the Welsh Premier League.

On 17 May 2010, it was announced that Rhyl's Welsh Premier licence had been revoked. Their appeal was unsuccessful and they were relegated to the Cymru Alliance, returning to the Welsh Premier League in 2013 after winning the Cymru Alliance title, becoming the first club in the history of the competition to complete the season unbeaten.

Rhyl is also home to the inline hockey club Rhyl Renegades, which is the only Welsh club to compete in the pan-European Major League Roller Hockey Europe competition.

Transport[edit]

Rhyl railway station is situated on the North Wales Coast Line and is served by through trains provided by Virgin Trains between Holyhead and London Euston, and Arriva Trains Wales services to Cardiff Central via Newport and Crewe, and to Manchester Piccadilly.

The A548 road runs through the town, connecting it to the A55 Holyhead to Chester road at Abergele.

Notable people[edit]

See Category:People from Rhyl

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics Area: Rhyl (Parish)". Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Rhyl". Place Name Research Centre. Retrieved 19 September 2007. 
  3. ^ "Sky Tower stays shut". Rhyl Journal. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Rhyl Skytower may still have a future but not as a ride". BBC News. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  5. ^ The Sun Centre, Rhyl bbc.co.uk]
  6. ^ Rhyl Sun Centre will not re-open as 'wet attraction' bbc.co.uk
  7. ^ a b "End of an era for Rhyl's funfair". BBC News. 2 September 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2007. 
  8. ^ News North Wales
  9. ^ Daily Post
  10. ^ "£4m for Rhyl Creates New Opportunities and Jobs". Coleg Llandrillo Rhyl. Archived from the original on 7 January 2008. Retrieved 16 January 2008. 

External links[edit]