Ribeira das Tainhas

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Ribeira das Tainhas
Civil Parish
Official name: Freguesia da Ribeira das Tainhas
Name origin: Portuguese for river of mullets
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Island São Miguel
Municipality Vila Franca do Campo
Center Ribeira das Tainhas
 - elevation 39 m (128 ft)
 - coordinates 37°43′4″N 25°24′39″W / 37.71778°N 25.41083°W / 37.71778; -25.41083Coordinates: 37°43′4″N 25°24′39″W / 37.71778°N 25.41083°W / 37.71778; -25.41083
Highest point Mirante do Visconde
 - elevation 727 m (2,385 ft)
 - coordinates 37°46′29″N 25°24′32″W / 37.77472°N 25.40889°W / 37.77472; -25.40889
Lowest point Sea Level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
Area 9.59 km2 (4 sq mi)
 - water .05 km2 (0 sq mi)
 - urban .30 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 703 (2011)
Density 73 / km2 (189 / sq mi)
LAU Junta Freguesia
 - location Rua Padre Furtado Couto
President Junta Henrique Humberto Ferreira Resendes (PS)
President Assembleia Arménio Maurício Correia Jardim (PS)
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
Postal Zone 9680-519
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XX XX XX
Patron Saint Nossa Senhora da Anunciação
Wikimedia Commons: Ribeira das Tainhas (Vila Franca do Campo)
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[1] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Ribeira das Tainhas is a civil parish in the municipality of Vila Franca do Campo in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 703,[2] in an area of 9.59 km².[3]

History[edit]

Following its discovery between 1426 and 1439, the island of São Miguel began to be populated under the authority of the Infante D. Henrique, who sent colonists from continental Portugal.[4] Then, during the second half of the 16th century, peoples from Maderia and France began to settle the region of Ribeira das Taínhas.[4] This settlement came after the initial destruction of Vila Franca do Campo by the 1522 earthquake, when the populous were rebuilding.[4]

Little is known of the initial settlers of this region, but there is some evidence that the people initially cultivated a subsistence lifestyle.[4] The economy that development here was concentrated on the cultivation of oranges, and that exportation of many agricultural stuffs and wine occurred through the Porto of Calhau de Areia.[4] Oranges and wine were primarily exported to markets in England, which supported the economy of the parish for many years.[4]

Administratively, the parish was always part of Vila Franca do Campo until 1980, when it was deannexed to form its own se instituiu como freguesia independente.[4]

Geography[edit]

A view of the Lagoa do Congro a inundated spatter cone in the interior of the parish

Ribeira das Tainhas is the smallest of the civil parishes of Vila Franca do Campo. It shares a short coastal frontier with its neighbouring parishes, and extends into the interior of the island: these include Ponta Garça (to the east) and São Miguel (to the west). Access to Ribeira das Taínhas is accomplished primarily through the Regional E.R.1-1ª roadway and Via-Ráida that connects many of settlements, although a secondary roadway provides connections to its neighbours. In addition, a coastal road (the E.R.3-2ª) beginning in Ribeira Seca at the intersection of the old regional roadway, in the Figueira da Casquete.

Apart from the areas of Amoreiras and São João, that hug the coastal roadway, the parish extends into the interior, into a plain of volcanic spatter cones. The area is represented by the Lagoa do Congro (Lake of the Conger), a former spatter cone, now inundated with water.

Due to the rough cliffs of the region, the parish has few accessible beaches, with the beach of Calhau da Areia being the most distinct.[5] A fine sand beach, Calhau da Areia is un-monitored 100 metres (330 ft) beach with a parking area overlooking the coast frequented by locals.[5] Its situated in a zone at the centre of a group of roads with access to pedestrian trails.[5] The main scenic lookout in the centre of town, the Miradouro da Freguesia, with ample parking picnic areas and green spaces.

Architecture[edit]

  • Church of Bom Jesus Menino (Portuguese: Igreja Paroquial de Ribeira das Taínhas/Igreja do Bom Jesus Menino), the simple church was begun in 1811 and includes a plain facade frontispiece with oculus over the doorway;[6]

Culture[edit]

There are several cultural and secular events that mark the annual calendar, they include: the Festa do Sagrado Coração de Jesus (Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus), in the third week of July; annual Concurso de Sopas Este (Soup Festival), on the second weekend of July and on 8 December, the Festa de Nossa Senhora da Conceição (Festival of Our Lady of the Conception).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011 
  2. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  3. ^ Eurostat
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Junta de Freguesia, ed. (2012), Historial (in Portuguese), Ribeira das Taínhas (Vila Franca do Campo), Portugal: Junta de Freguesia da Ribeira das Taínhas, retrieved 16 March 2014 
  5. ^ a b c Junta de Freguesia, ed. (2012), Praias (in Portuguese), Ribeira das Taínhas (Vila Franca do Campo), Portugal: Junta de Freguesia da Ribeira das Taínhas, retrieved 16 March 2014 
  6. ^ Noé, Paula (2012), SIPA, ed., Igreja Paroquial de Ribeira das Taínhas/Igreja do Bom Jesus Menino (IPA.00032495/PT072106050013) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 16 March 2014 
  7. ^ Junta de Freguesia, ed. (2012), Festividades (in Portuguese), Ribeira das Taínhas (Vila Franca do Campo), Portugal: Junta de Freguesia da Ribeira das Taínhas, retrieved 16 March 2014