Ribes americanum is a species of flowering plant in the gooseberry family known by the common names American black currant, wild black currant, and eastern black currant. It is native to North America, where it occurs in the central and eastern parts of Canada and the United States.
Ribes americanum is a shrub growing 0.5 to 1.5 meters in height. The branches are erect and bear deciduous leaves. There are no spines. The plant may form thickets. The glandular leaves are up to 7 or 8 centimeters long and have three to five lobes. They turn red and gold in the fall.
The inflorescence is a spreading or drooping raceme of up to 15 flowers. Each flower has reflexed white or greenish sepals a few millimeters long and smaller whitish petals. The fruit is a smooth rounded berry about a centimeter wide and edible when cooked. The plant reproduces mostly by seed.
This shrub grows in a variety of ecosystems. It occurs in many types of forests and in conifer bogs. In Manitoba it can be found in marshes. In Michigan and Minnesota it is invasive in sedge meadows (Carex spp.). It grows on plains and in mountains and sometimes in disturbed areas such as roadsides. It is shade-tolerant, growing in the understory of closed-canopy woodlands and forests.
- Ribes americanum. USDA NRCS Plant Guide. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- Ribes americanum. Flora of North America. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- Marshall, K. Anna. (1995). Ribes americanum. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
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