Ribes aureum

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Ribes aureum
Ribes aureum var aureum 4.jpg
Ribes aureum var. aureum, Spring Mountains, Nevada.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Grossulariaceae
Genus: Ribes
Species: R. aureum
Binomial name
Ribes aureum
Pursh
Ribes aureum foliage.
Ribes aureum shrub texture.
Ribes aureum flowers.

Ribes aureum, known commonly as the golden currant, is a species in the genus Ribes.[1] It is native to Canada, most of the United States (except the southeast) and northern Mexico. The species[2] Ribes odoratum is closely related, and sometimes named Ribes aureum var. villosum.[3]

Description[edit]

Ribes aureum is a small to medium-sized deciduous shrub, 2–3 metres (6.6–9.8 ft) tall. Leaves are green, shaped similarly to gooseberry leaves, turning red in autumn.

The plant blooms in spring with racemes of conspicuous golden yellow flowers, often with a pronounced fragrance similar to that of cloves or vanilla. Flowers may also be shades of cream to reddish, and are borne in clusters of up to 15.[4] The shrub produces berries about 1 centimeter in diameter from an early age. Ripe fruits, amber yellow to black in color, are edible. The flowers are also edible.[4]

Varieties[edit]

  • Ribes aureum var. aureum (< 3,000 ft; western U.S.) [5]
  • Ribes aureum var. gracillimum (< 3,000 ft; California coastal ranges) [6]
  • Ribes aureum var. villosum — clove currant (syn: Ribes odoratum; west of Mississippi River) [3]

Uses[edit]

Cultivation[edit]

Ribes aureum is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, in traditional, native plant, drought tolerant, and wildlife gardens, and natural landscaping projects.[7] Unlike some other species of currants, Ribes aureum is in the remarkably drought-tolerant group of Ribes. Named cultivars have been introduced also

Culinary and medicinal[edit]

Golden currant is also planted for the edible berries. Although flowers are hermaphrodite, the yield is greatly benefited by cross-pollination.

The berries were used for food, and other plant parts for medicine, by various Native American groups across its range in North America.[4][8]

Rust host

This currant species is susceptible to white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola), a fungus which attacks and kills pines, so it is sometimes eradicated from forested areas where the fungus is active to prevent its spread.[4][9]

References[edit]

External links[edit]