Ricardo Aguirre

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Ricardo Aguirre
Ricardo Aguirre González.jpg
Background information
Also known as El Monumental
Born (1939-05-09)May 9, 1939
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Died November 8, 1969(1969-11-08) (aged 30)
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Genres Gaita Zuliana
Occupation(s) Musician, singer, composer, director
Years active 1958–1969
Associated acts Cardenales del Éxito

Ricardo José Aguirre González, (Maracaibo, May 9, 1939 and died in the same city, November 8, 1969), was a Venezuelan folk musician and Gaita Zuliana singer and composer. He was known as the Monumental de la Gaita (Gaita Monumental) or "El padre de la gaita" (The Father of Gaita) since he composed the success of Venezuelan gaita "La grey zuliana"..



His parents were Luisángel Aguirre and Ida Cira Gonzalez. He began studying elementary education at a small private school, then continue studies in two public schools. When he began his studies of secondary education, they are interrupted by political turmoil caused by popular pressure against the dictatorship of General Marcos Pérez Jiménez. After the dictatorship in 1958, the future interpreter goes to the town of Rubio in the border state of Táchira, seizing an opportunity to become a schoolteacher. Takes classes at the Lyceum Gervasio Rubio. Graduate teacher at age 19, taught at the school Monseñor Francisco A. Granadillo while serving as announcer on the radio station La Voz de la Fe.[1]

Musical career[edit]

During his studies teacher, learn to play guitar and piano, and other instruments and outcrops their composer vein in the genre of Gaita Zulia. Thus, it becomes part of different musical groups acting in musical and theatrical acts Lyceum. He began by being director of the groups of gaita zuliana Los Sabrosos y Santa Canoíta. In 1962 has entered the set initially called Cardinals with his three brothers Alves, Rixio and Renato. After the division to suffer such a group, Ricardo Aguirre proposed adding an addition to the name and, consequently, the suggestion was accepted denominating Los Cardenales del Éxito, name it still retains today.[2]

In 1967, by differences among members, he left to Saladillo Band where he composed the song critical to centralism, La Grey Zuliana. Only reached a record two seasons 1967 and 1968 with the group. He later returned to the previous set where recorded another album.


Statue in honor of Ricardo Aguirre in Maracaibo

This musical career ended abruptly November 8 of 1969, when a tragic accident on 8th Street in Maracaibo, claimed the lives of who until today has been one of the biggest icons of regionalism Zulian.[2]

On November 4 of 1983 the then Governor of the State Zulia, Humberto Fernández Auvert, issued a decree officially declared on November 8 as El Día de los Gaiteros on memory of the unfortunate time when he died this outstanding figure of the Zulia music.[2]

Origin of his artistic name[edit]

The lawyer Octavio Urdaneta, friend of the artist, on one occasion, Aguirre decided to call, "The Monumental" without much thought. Later, I call it justify given the performance quality of Ricardo Aguirre as a singer and musician, and a powerful voice and personal simplicity.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ricardo Aguirre, Hermano Monumental". http://www.nuestragaita.com/ (in Spanish). Héctor "pomponio" Márquez. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "RICARDO AGUIRRE, EL MONUMENTAL" (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 December 2014.