Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Lancaster-Jones and the second or maternal family name is Verea.
Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea, MA BE KHS
Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea.JPG
Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea, aged 48
Born 9 February 1905
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico: Av. Francisco I. Madero # 361, 44100
Died 20 January 1983(1983-01-20) (aged 77)
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico: Av. España # 2013, 44190
Resting place Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico: Iglesia de Ntra. Sra. de La Paz, Av. de La Paz # 2086, 44140
Occupation sugarcane entrepreneur, diplomat, journalist, academic, art collector and scholar
Nationality Mexican
Alma mater Jalisco (1928, topo. eng.)
Ohio (1929, BE)
Jalisco (1965, History)
New Mexico (1973, MA)
Genre Prose
Subject History
Notable works El Acta de Francisco Márquez en Guadalajara (1947), Tríptico Mariano (1948), La Hacienda de Santa Ana Apacueco (1951), El Primer Mayorazgo Tapatío (1957), Primo de Verdad, Jalisciense Neto (1958), El Uso de Documentos en la Restauración de Edificios (1969), Haciendas de Jalisco y Aledaños (1506–1821) (1974)
Notable awards • 1951: Medalla de la República (Mexico)
• 1952: Knight of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (Holy See)
• 1954: Red Cross Silver Medal (Japan)
• 1956: José María Vigil award on literary merit by the Congress of the State of Jalisco (Mexico)
• 1956: Medalla al Mérito Consular (Colombia)
• 1956: Medalla de Compostela by the Congress of the State of Nayarit (Mexico)
• 1956: Cross of Merit of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (Holy See)
• 1956: Gold Papal Lateran Cross (Holy See)
• 1961: Gold Medal of the Columbus Association from UNESCO

Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea, MA BE KHS (9 February 1905 – 20 January 1983) was a Mexican historian, diplomat, scholar, professor, art collector and sugarcane entrepreneur who made significant contributions toward the study of the haciendas of the State of Jalisco (Mexico) in the twentieth century.[1] He spoke Spanish, English, French, Italian and Latin fluently. He authored and published numerous articles for newspapers and specialized magazines in Mexico, South America, Spain, United Kingdom and United States.[2] His enthusiasm for History led him to become a professor of Regional History at the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters of Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara in 1965.[3] Later on, in 1973, he earned his MA degree in Latin American Studies at the University of New Mexico.[4] He is especially mentioned by Mexican academics Mauricio Benchot (2001)[5] and José María Murià (2003)[6] as an early historian of the haciendas in Western Mexico.

Biographical notes[edit]

His published biographical notes were written by:

  • Flag of the United States.svg Lucien F. Lajoie (1916–1988), an American author who published Who is Who in Mexico (1972).[2][7]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg Raquel Moreno Pérez, a Guadalajaran journalist who published ¿Quién fue el Ingeniero Ricardo Lancaster-Jones?, Boletín del Archivo Histórico de Jalisco (1983).[8]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg Gabriel Agraz García de Alba (1926–2009) authored Evocación de Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea, an essay published by the Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica (1984).[9]
  • Flag of Spain.svg Fernando Muñoz Altea, a Spanish historian and journalist who wrote some biographical and genealogical notes in his article Lancaster-Jones (1985).[10]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg Ramiro Villaseñor y Villaseñor (1911–1991) added bibliographical references about Lancaster-Jones in his books: Las Calles Históricas de Guadalajara (1986),[11][12] and Bibliografía General de Jalisco (1990).[13]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg José Jorge Vázquez-Tagle added new biographical and genealogical information in his paper, Los Lancaster-Jones (1988).[14]

Since 2005 his name has been listed among the Illustrious People (Personajes Ilustres) of the State of Jalisco at its official webpage as: Ricardo Lancaster Jones y Verea (1905–1983). Ingeniero, diplomático, catedrático.[15]

Family and early life[edit]

The porfiriato is Mexico City's figures in 1900: 368,898 inhabitants, five hundred thousand liters of pulque, six thousand bicycles in circulation, a procession departing from the Townhall's council room to the Rotunda of Distinguished Men with two urns. A union of surnames: Romero Rubio, Escandón, Redo, Lancaster-Jones, Corcuera, Martínez del Río, Romero de Terreros, Rincón Gallardo, Algara, Braniff, Sánchez Navarro, Casasús, Cortina, Elízaga, Goríbar, Iturbide, García Pimentel, Ituarte, Mier, Prida, Terrazas, Lascuráin, Paz, Landa, Limantour, Iturbe, Santacilia. A competition of landaus, breaks, mail coachs, sedans, coupes and Vis-a-Vis. The challenge of the European fashion iside the immensity of a few streets...

Carlos Monsiváis (2005)[16]

Mexican author Carlos Monsiváis, in his book Amor Perdido (2005), mentions the Lancaster-Jones family among the Porfiriato's distinguished families in the dawn of Mexico's 20th century.[16]

Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea born in Guadalajara, the capital of Jalisco to Alberto Lancaster-Jones y Mijares and Isabel Verea y Vallarta. Through Spanish historian Fernando Muñoz Altea[17] and local journalist José Jorge Vázquez-Tagle,[14] it is possible to trace Lancaster-Jones y Verea's immediate and extended family. His father, Alberto Lancaster-Jones y Mijares (1873–1958) MEng KHS, was a British-Mexican sugarcane entrepreneur and scientist.[18][19][20] He was Chairman of the Board of Ingenio Santa Cruz y El Cortijo (a sugar refinery located in Zapotiltic, Jalisco); in 1919 he cofounded the Instituto de Ciencias in Guadalajara, being his first Director (1919–1934).[21][22] Fourteen years later, in 1934, he founded the Faculty of Chemical Sciences at the Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, being its first Dean (1934–1958). On 5 March 1986, the lecture hall No. 9 of such Faculty of Chemical Sciences was named as Ing. Alberto Lancaster-Jones y Mijares to honour his memory.[23]

Alberto Lancaster-Jones y Mijares' parents were: Ricardo Lancaster-Jones (1831–1922), a British-Mexican banker and entrepreneur (grandson of the English innovator on public education Joseph Lancaster), Mayor of Guadalajara and Treasurer of the State of Jalisco;[14] and Francisca Mijares y Añorga (great-granddaughter of the 8th Señor De Añorga in San Sebastián, Gipuzkoa, Basque region of Spain.[14] Through his extended family, Alberto Lancaster-Jones y Mijares was nephew of: A) Alfonso Lancaster-Jones (1842–1903), a British-Mexican jurist, politician and Mexico's Ambassador to the UK (1836–1909).[18] B) José Antonio Pintó y Añorga, 1st Count de Añorga in Spain.[14] C) Catalina Barron y Añorga, who married Antonio de Escandón y Garmendia (1824–1877) KHS, Spanish-Mexican entrepreneur who introduced the railroad in Mexico.[24] D) Dolores Barron y Añorga, who married General Pedro Rincón Gallardo y Romero de Terreros (1836–1909), Mexican Ambassador to Russia and Germany.[25] E) Guillermo Barron y Añorga (1829–1903), British-Mexican entrepreneur, Chairman of the Board of Barron, Forbes & Co.[14][26]

From the restoration of the Republic to the 1910 Revolution, the State of Jalisco provided three presidential cabinet members, all three belonging to my family: General Pedro Ogazón, Minister of War and attorney at Law, Ignacio Luis Vallarta, Minister of Interior and of Foreign Affairs; and my father, who was Minister of War and of the Navy. Among the most illustrious of my ancestry are also Don Lorenzo Camarena and Dr Don Francisco de Paula Verea y González de Hermosillo, Bishop of Linares from 1853 to 1879, and later Bishop of Puebla. I have appropriated this last one due to a tradition of affection: he was a dear friend, but not a relative of my family, though he was always considered and respected as family because two Verea brothers married two Vallarta y Ogazón sisters. Don Ricardo Lancaster-Jones still has somewhere among his possessions a tortoise shell tobacco container with the initials BR in gold, that my father had given to Bishop Verea as a present.

Alfonso Reyes (1958)[27]

Isabel Verea y Vallarta's parents were: José María Verea y González de Hermosillo (1826–1884), Mexican jurist and author of the State of Jalisco's Ley de Enjuiciamiento Civil (1872);[28] and Isabel Vallarta y Ogazón.[14] Through her extended family, Isabel Verea y Vallarta was niece of: A) Count Francisco de Paula Verea y González de Hermosillo (1813–1884), Pope Pius IX's Domestic Prelate (1862); he was one of the Mexican delegates to the First Vatican Council (1869–1870), and Bishop of the dioceses of Nuevo León and Puebla.[29] B) Pedro Ogazón Rubio (1824-1890), Mexican jurist, politician and military; Minister of War, Governor of the State of Jalisco and President of Mexico's Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation.[30] C) Ignacio Luis Vallarta Ogazón (1830–1893), Mexican jurist and politician; Minister of Interior, Governor of the State of Jalisco and President of Mexico's Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation.[31] D) Bernardo Reyes Ogazón (1850–1913), Mexican military and politician; Minister of War and Governor of the State of Nuevo León.[14][32][33]

Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea was nephew of Alfonso Reyes (1889–1959), Mexican man-of-letters, poet, philosopher and Mexico’s Ambassador to Argentina and Brazil;[14][34] and cousin of: A) Manuel Sandoval Vallarta (1899–1977), a Mexican physicist co-author of the Lemaître-Vallarta's theory about the cosmic rays' effects on earth.[35] B) Elena Verea y Corcuera, married with Carlos Alfonso de Mitjans y Fitjames Stuart (1907–1997), XXII Count of Teba y Baños, Grandee of Spain.[14][36] C) Sofía Verea y Corcuera, married with Ignacio Bernal (1910-1992), an eminent Mexican anthropologist and archaeologist.[14] D) Marta Verea y Corcuera, married with Francisco Pérez de Salazar y Solana, distinguished Mexican connosisieur.[14][37]

Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea's early life passed between Guadalajara, Mexico City (where his paternal grandfather lived) and his family's Hacienda of Santa Cruz y El Cortijo (located in Zapotiltic, Jalisco), where he enjoyed exploring the countryside, horseback riding, hunting, swimming and fishing. This fact influenced him some years later when he became interested in the history of Jalisco's haciendas.[14] When he turned 27 years old, he was asked to choose Citizenship (he could have taken British nationality owing to his father's citizenship), but chose Mexican nationality by a document dated on 29 September 1932.[38]

Early studies and occupation[edit]

St. Mary's Hall and the Immaculate Conception Chapel at the University of Dayton.

Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea studied in Mexico (Instituto de Ciencias and Escuela Libre de Ingenieros, both in Guadalajara), and in the United States (St Charles College, Grand Coteau, Louisiana and the University of Dayton, Ohio).[2] He got a Topographical Engineer degree at Escuela Libre de Ingenieros de Jalisco (1928)[39] and a Bachelor of Engineering (BE) degree at University of Dayton (1929).[2]

As the eldest child of his family, he entered the sugarcane business in 1930 at the already mentioned Ingenio Santa Cruz y El Cortijo, where he made important contributions until 1942. In 1944, he became a member of the Board of Directors of Ingenio Tamazula (a sugar refinery located in Tamazula de Gordiano, Jalisco). In 1946, he was founding member of Sociedad de Ingenieros y Arquitectos de Guadalajara (Engineers and Architects Society of Guadalajara) serving as General Manager since 1949.[2] Then, in 1950 he became a member of the Board of Directors of Banco Industrial de Jalisco.[40]

Contributing journalist[edit]

Beginning in 1934, Lancaster-Jones wrote for the Gaceta de Guadalajara magazine, later becoming a contributing journalist for the El Informador newspaper. He continued writing for different magazines and newspapers from Guadalajara and Mexico City, such as Crónica Social Tapatía, El Mundo, Estudios Históricos, Excelsior, El Occidental, et al.[14]

Marriage[edit]

In Guadalajara, on 28 October 1935, Ricardo Lancaster-Jones married Luz Padilla y España (5 April 1913 – 5 March 1978); the wedding reception was held at the Verea y Vallarta’s mansion in Guadalajara (nowadays, this building is the seat of the Congress of the State of Jalisco).[14] On 18 February 1955, Luz Padilla y España was named Dame of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem.[20][41][42]

Luz Padilla y España was the eldest child of Arcadio Padilla y Romo de Vivar, and of Guadalupe España y Araujo.[2]

Arcadio Padilla y Romo de Vivar was a well-known Guadalajaran attorney-at-law who also was Mexico’s National Railroads representative in Mexico City (1920–1935), and the State of Jalisco’s Senior Deputy to Mexico’s National Congress (1928–1930).[43][44]

Guadalupe España y Araujo was granddaughter of José María Araujo, a Guadalajaran attorney-at-law, District Judge and Knight of the Imperial Order of Guadalupe (27 February 1865).[14][45]

Through her extended family, Luz Padilla y España was niece of: A) Carmen Padilla y Romo de Vivar, wife of the Guadalajaran academic and painter José Vizcarra (1874–1956).[14] B) Sara España y Araujo, wife of Alfredo Navarro Branca (1881–1979), a famous Guadalajaran architect from post-revolutionary period;[14] nowadays, among his buildings, the one of the Universidad de Guadalajara (1914) stands out.[46]

Diplomat[edit]

During the course of his life, Lancaster-Jones participated in some diplomatic activities with the United States, El Salvador, the United Nations and the Holy See:

Consulate of the United States[edit]

The city of Downey, California became a Sister city of Guadalajara in 1960 during Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea's presidency of the Asociación Consular de Guadalajara.

Consulate of El Salvador[edit]

United Nations Delegate[edit]

Order of the Holy Sepulchre[edit]

Asociación Consular de Guadalajara[edit]

  • Flag of Guadalajara (México).svg 1950: he was co-founder and third President (1958–66) of the Asociación Consular de Guadalajara (Consular Association of Guadalajara).[50] During his presidency the city of Guadalajara became a sister city of Downey, California on 26 August 1960.[51] The following year, he was named vice-president of the first Reunión Nacional de Cónsules, celebrated 18–20 November 1961, Veracruz, México.[2]

Historian[edit]

Lancaster-Jones was included by Luis González y González among the notable historians of the second-half of the 20th century in Mexico (1973).[52][53][54]

Collaborations[edit]

During the course of his life, he contributed with such authors as:

The manor house [of Hacienda Santa Ana Apacueco], is located in the place where, at the time of the conquest, a fort has been erected to defend the passage of the Lerma River. It's builded mostly in limestone, and it's described by Ricardo Lancaster-Jones...

Manuel Romero de Terreros (1956)[55]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg José Cornejo Franco in his book Introducción del agua a Guadalajara (1942), by sharing a document from his private collection that was dated on 4 February 1792; a document that demonstrated the efforts made until such date with the purpose of give water supply to the city of Guadalajara.[56]
  • Flag of France.svg François Chevalier in his book La formation des grands domaines au Mexique, terre et société aux XVIe-XVIIe siècles (1952), sharing information about the rural estates of Jalisco.[57]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg José López-Portillo y Weber (father of Mexico's President José López Portillo) in his book Cristóbal de Oñate: Historia Novelada (1955),[58] by writing an introduction about the López-Portillo family's background, and the author's biography.[59]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg Manuel Romero de Terreros, in his book Antiguas Haciendas de México (1956),[60] shared information and images about the Hacienda de Santa Ana Apacueco.[61]
  • Flag of the United States.svg Rogers McVaugh in his books Edward Palmer: plant explorer of the American West (1956)[62] and Flora Novo-Galiciana (1983),[63] by providing access to relevant data to the botanical history of Jalisco.[64][65]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg Gabriel Agraz García de Alba in his book, Jalisco y sus Hombres: compendio de geografía, historia y biografía jaliscienses (1958), for whom he wrote an introduction and shared information about illustrious people from Jalisco.[66]
  • Flag of France.svg Jean Meyer by sharing information and documents about Manuel Lozada and some other information about the Cristero War for Meyer's publications about those subjects (1973, 1984).[67][68]
  • Flag of the United States.svg Doris M. Ladd, in her 1974 book, The Mexican nobility at independence, 1780-1826, by sharing information about the Porres-Baranda family and the first Mayorazgo in Guadalajara, Jalisco.[69]
  • Flag of the United States.svg Isaac Antonio Bonilla by giving him advice on the archives of Guadalajara for his book, Documentos para la historia de California relating to José Mariano Bonilla (1976).[70]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg José Ignacio Dávila Garibi (a nephew of the Mexican prelate, Cardinal José Garibi y Rivera) in his work, Apuntes para la historia de la Iglesia en Guadalajara (1977), contributing with documents and information.[71]
  • Flag of Spain.svg Ramón María Serrera Contreras during his investigation for his book Guadalajara Ganadera. Estudio Regional Novohispano, 1760-1805 (1977), by sharing information about the rural estates of Jalisco.[72]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg Patricia Arias in her book Guadalajara, la gran ciudad de la pequeña Industria (1985), by giving her an interview and sharing some documents on the history of Guadalajara's growth and development.[73]
  • Flag of England.svg Sir Edgar Vaughan in his book Joseph Lancaster en Caracas (1824–1827) (1989), by sharing family information, as a descendant of the notable English innovator and educationist Joseph Lancaster.[74]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg Alfonso de la Madrid Castro (uncle of Mexico's President Miguel de la Madrid) in his work Apuntes históricos sobre Colima: siglos XVI-XX, by giving him many information about Jalisco's archives that had documents related to the State of Colima, an essay that was published many years after De la Madrid's death by José Miguel Romero de Solís in 1998.[75]
Main patio of the Museo Regional de Guadalajara.

In 1954, Lancaster-Jones gave more than a dozen photos to Paul Alexander Bartlett, depicting the haciendas Santa Cruz and El Cortijo (Jalisco) from 1880 to 1940. Nowadays, these photographs are kept in the Benson Latin American Collection at the University of Texas at Austin.[76]

Museo Regional de Guadalajara[edit]

In 1952 the Governor of the State of Jalisco, José Jesús González Gallo (1900–1957), appointed Lancaster-Jones as Curator of the Museo Regional de Guadalajara, serving this post until 31 December 1953.[2][77] During the two years he was in office, he reorganized the exhibition rooms, commanded the restoration of priceless works of art, and made a detailed inventory of the various museum collections.[14]

Major contributions[edit]

Francisco Márquez's name was inscribed among the Illustrious People of the State of Jalisco in 1947.
  • 1941 – Documents of Our Lady of Zapopan. According to a published speech given by Lancaster-Jones in 1970 for the unveiling ceremony of the sculpture of Friar Antonio de Segovia (1500–1570), he located the original documents which validate the authenticity of the image that is venerated at the Basilica of Our Lady of Zapopan (documents which date from 16th to 18th centuries). Those were secreted for safe keeping by Friar Luis de Palacio y Basave (1868–1941) in early 20th century during the religious persecution that happened after the Mexican Revolution and caused the Cristero War. In 1941, the friar's heirs asked Lancaster-Jones to make an appraisal of the friar's library. He found those important documents and purchased them from Friar Palacio's heirs; later on, he gave those documents, as a gift, to Dr Jose Garibi y Rivera who was Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Guadalajara in those days. Lancaster-Jones was inspired by those documents to write his work Tríptico Mariano, first published in 1948.[78]
  • 1947 – Francisco Márquez's Baptismal Certificate. The discovery of Francisco Márquez's Baptismal Certificate in Guadalajara helped to rewrite Márquez's biography.[79] He was one of the Niños Heroes who died at the Battle of Chapultepec during the Mexican–American War. Márquez's early years remained a mystery until then. Márquez was actually born in Guadalajara and the date of his birth was 8 October 1834. He was baptized nine days later, on 18 October, as "Francisco de Borja Jesús Benito". His godparents were his maternal grandparents: Gerónimo Paniagua y María Prudencia Falcón. Márquez moved to Mexico City. His Confirmation's godparents were his mother Micaela Paniagua and the General Leonardo Márquez. His widowed mother remarried, to Francisco Ortiz, a cavalry captain, by the time Márquez joined the Heroico Colegio Militar on 14 January 1847.[80] Since 2005, Márquez has been listed among the Illustrious People (Personajes Ilustres) of the State of Jalisco at its official webpage.[15]
  • 1949 – Domingo Lazaro de Arregui's papers of intestate. Two articles published by Lancaster-Jones in the newspaper El Informador (23 October 1949 and 5 March 1950) helped to form an accurate biography of Domingo Lazaro de Arregui, who wrote the earliest geographical description of former Kingdom of Nueva Galicia (Descripción de la Nueva Galicia, 1621). Guadalajaran academic José María Muriá claims this fact helped French historian François Chevalier to rewrite De Arregui's biography on his prominary study for the second edition (1980) of his work Descripción de la Nueva Galicia,[81] (the first one was published in Seville, 1946).[82]
Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos's name was inscribed with gold at the main hall of the Congress of the State of Jalisco in 1960.
  • 1951 – Origin of the name of Los Altos region. In his published work La Hacienda de Santa Ana Apacueco (1951), Lancaster-Jones refers a land grant document issued in 1606 naming Jalisco's high lands as Los Altos de Villanueva.[83] Therefore, historians whose especial interest is the after mentioned region like Mariano González-Leal, have credited to Lancaster-Jones for the discovery of the origin of such name of Los Altos.[84][85]
  • 1958 – Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos' Baptismal Certificate. The discovery of Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos' Baptismal Certificate in the hacienda of Ciénega del Rincón, located in the actual Municipality of Ojuelos de Jalisco in the State of Jalisco. Until then, Primo de Verdad was thought to be from Aguascalientes. Through this, his correct birthplace was ascertained.[91] Two years later, in 1960, Primo de Verdad's full name was inscribed with gold at the main hall of the Congress of the State of Jalisco.[92] Since 2005, Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos has been listed among the Illustrious People (Personajes Ilustres) of the State of Jalisco at its official webpage.[15]

Scholar[edit]

Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea's published works gave him an important role in Mexico's cultural circles and abroad:

  • Flag of Mexico.svg 1949: He founded – along with Salvador Gutiérrez Contreras – the Sociedad de Amigos de Compostela and was its General Secretary.[2]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg 1953: He contributed with the establishment of the Sociedad Oaxaqueña de Genealogía y Heráldica, being its Honorary President.[2]
  • Flag of Mexico.svg 1955: He contributed with the establishment of the Sociedad de Amigos de Tecolotlán, being its General Secretary.[2]
  • Flag of Spain.svg 1956: The Instituto Internacional de Genealogía y Heráldica (an international institution based in Madrid), appointed him as the Instituto's Advisor and Delegate to Mexico.[94]
  • Flag of Italy.svg 1957: The Accademia Universitaria Internazionale (an international institution based in Rome), appointed him as President for the Mexican Chapter.[2]
  • Flag of the United States.svg 1972: The American International Academy (an institution based in New York City) appointed him as member of the Academic Council and the Academy's Delegate to Mexico.[2]
  • Flag of the United States.svg 1974: The Augustan Society appointed him as Member of the Executive Council and Advisory Committee.[95]

Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica[edit]

  • 1948: He entered to the Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica as a supernumerary.[96] Since then, most of his essays on genealogy and heraldry were published in the Academia's Memorias; among others, La Familia Añorga y sus ramas de México (1949) stands out due to the extensive iconographic research on the families: Añorga, Barron, Escandón and Mijares. This study provide new facts to Captain José de Añorga's biography: he was the first Director of San Blas' shipyards, and the Port's Governor; this place became very important because the New Spain's explorations to North America's Pacific Coast departed from there.[97]
  • 1954: He became a numerary member with seat #21 and was appointed by Academia's President, José Ignacio Dávila Galibi, as Academia's Delegate to the State of Jalisco.[98]

Academia de Genealogía y Heráldica Mota-Padilla[edit]

...other Mexicans have distinguished, like Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea, of Guadalajara, for keeping alive the Academia de Genealogía y Heráldica Mota-Padilla in the city of his residence; an attempted that was imitated without much success by some enthusiasts from the cities Oaxaca and Merida.

— Ramiro Ordoñez Jonama (1995).[99]
  • 1950-53: He reorganized the Academia de Genealogía y Heráldica Mota-Padilla, being its President (1950–83). He has been praised by the academic Ramiro Ordoñez Jonama (former Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala) regarding his work by giving continuity to this institution.[99]

Sociedad Mexicana de Geografía y Estadística[edit]

Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara[edit]

In 1965 Antonio Leaño Álvarez del Castillo (1913–2010), Rector and Chairman of the Board of Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, appointed Ricardo Lancaster-Jones as professor of regional history at the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters.[2][100]

University of New Mexico[edit]

In 1973 Lancaster-Jones earned his M.A. in Latin American Studies at University of New Mexico with the thesis Haciendas de Jalisco y aledños: fincas rústicas de antaño, 1506-1821[101] (published in Mexico the next year as Haciendas de Jalisco y Aledaños (1506-1821)). Then, he continued with the PhD studies under the guidance of Donald C. Cutter[102] (emeritus professor of history at University of New Mexico) from 1976 until 1978, then, his health broke down. After he recovered his health in late 1978, he didn't continued with the PhD degree due to personal reasons.[103]

Disciples[edit]

Another noted disciple of Lancaster-Jones was Áurea Zafra Oropeza (died 11 August 2010, Guadalajara), among whose publications are Agustín Rivera y Agustín de la Rosa ante la filosofía novohispana (Sociedad Jalisciense de Filosofía, Guadalajara, 1994) and Las cofradías de Cocula (Agata, Guadalajara, 1996). Her La mujer en la historia de Jalisco was awarded in 1996 by the Government of the State of Jalisco.[104]

Connoisseur[edit]

According to Leopoldo I. Orendain (1898–1972), Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea was a "real Connoisseur" whose enthusiasm as an art collector brought him to become advisor to several governors of Jalisco and various businessmen who sought for his help during the formation of their own collections of art.[105] He was also a referee in testamentary appraisals.[14] Lancaster-Jones was the first person, since 1948, to question the authenticity of a group of six paintings ellaborated on copper sheet, attributed to Rubens and that are in the collection of the Basilica of Our Lady of San Juan de los Lagos (Jalisco).[106]

José Cornejo Franco (1900–1977), Director of the Public Library of the State of Jalisco (1949–1977),[107] avers that Lancaster-Jones collaborated with the formation of several private libraries and contributed with the reorganization of the Public Library of the State of Jalisco (1950–1959).[108][109] In 1970 the restoration of the former Franciscan convent of Guadalajara owed to his work El Uso de Documentos en la Restauración de Edificios Antiguos (Use of Documents in the Restoration of old Buildings). This study was published the year before (1969), through it, he examines an inventory from 1718 of the same Franciscan convent (a manuscript of his own collection).[110] Anticipating to his times as thirty years had to pass and so in the year 2000, the Escuela de Conservación y Restauración de Occidente (School of Conservation and Restoration of the West) was founded in Guadalajara.[111]

Art collector[edit]

When Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea's paternal grandfather died in 1922, he inherited an important collection of Mexican Colonial Art (pieces from the Viceroyalty of New Spain period),[14] a collection which was increased through time with more pieces from the Colonial period as well as from Mexican 19th century. His art collection also included some selected pieces from 20th century's artists like Chucho Reyes (1880–1977), José Clemente Orozco (1883–1949) and Jorge González Camarena (1908–1980).[112] He's mentioned among the most important art collectors in the State of Jalisco by Xavier Torres Ladrón de Guevara (1997).[113]

Guadalajaran art collector Carlos Navarro gives remarkable importance to his oil painting portrait collection in his book El Retrato en Jalisco (2004).[114] This collection included works from artists like: José María Estrada (1764–1860), Juan Cordero (1822–1884), Pablo Valdéz (1839–1898), Felipe Castro (1832–1902), Jacobo Gálvez (1821–1882), Gerardo Suárez (1834–1870), José Pamplona (1845–1867), Carlos Villaseñor (1849–1920) and José Vizcarra (1874–1956).[112]

Booklover[edit]

Lancaster-Jones is mentioned by Ramiro Villaseñor y Villaseñor as one of the notable booklovers of Jalisco.[115] His library had more than 35,000 volumes, most of them collected through the course of his life. Nowadays, those volumes are distributed among the libraries of El Colegio de Jalisco, the University of Texas and the University of New Mexico, as well as in private collections in Mexico and abroad.[14]

Ex Libris[edit]

His bookplate was catalogued in 1970 by the Mexican academic José Miguel Quintana (1908–1987) in Libros Mexicanos;[116] it was designed by the artist and academic Carlos Stahl (1892–1984).[117] Nowadays, one of Ricardo Lancaster-Jones’ bookplates can be found at the Colección de ex-libris de Guillermo Tovar de Teresa (Guillermo Tovar de Teresa’s Bookplates Collection) at the Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City.[118]

Sociedad de Anticuarios de Guadalajara[edit]

In 1953 Lancaster-Jones established the Sociedad de Anticuarios de Guadalajara (Society of Antiquarians of Guadalajara), serving as General Secretary from 1953 to 1980.[2]

View on the history of Jalisco's haciendas[edit]

Map of Jalisco's regions

According to Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea: an hacienda in all its types: plantations, mines, business factories, etc., was the medium that made possible the population of large dispersed areas (sometimes isolated); it was the base of the acculturation process and the core around which the incorporation to civilized life by the indigenous took place. Given the extension of the territory of New Spain (now Mexico), the haciendas became excellent autonomous centers. Their inhabitants lived in a microcosm that allowed them to channel their spiritual and material needs.

The haciendas that existed in the ancient Kingdom of New Galicia were located through a diverse and rich geography. Local circumstances changed the regional customs in the haciendas of this area, distinguishing them from the rest of New Spain. The origin of the features that distinguish Mexico in the world today: charreria, mariachi and tequila, can be found in the Haciendas of Jalisco.[119][120]

Awards and honours[edit]

The list of his awards and honours consists of:

Awards[edit]

Papal Lateran Cross
1948  Mexico Medalla del Comité Geográfico Nacional[2]
1951  Mexico Medalla de la República[2]
1953  Mexico 1st Class Cross and Badge General Ignacio Comonfort[2]
1953  Mexico Honorary Cross of the Society of Veterans from Servicio Militar Nacional de 1942[2]
1954  Japan Japanese Red Cross Silver Medal[2] Flag of the Red Cross.svg
1955  Mexico Medal of Honour of the Honorable Cuerpo de Defensores de la República Mexicana y sus Descendientes[2]
1956  Holy See Cross of Merit of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem[2][19][20] Jerusalem Cross 2.png
1956  Holy See Papal Lateran Cross[2][20][121]
1956  Mexico José María Vigil award on literary merit by the Congress of the State of Jalisco, Mexico[2][122] Coat of arms of Jalisco.svg
1956  Mexico Medalla de Compostela by the Congress of the State of Nayarit[2][123] Coat of arms of Nayarit.svg
1956  Colombia Medalla al Mérito Consular by the Instituto Consular Interamericano[2]
1956  Spain Medal Juan Enrique Dunand of the Spanish Red Cross Association[2] Flag of the Red Cross.svg
1958  Mexico Academic Palms of the Sociedad Mexicana de Estudios Militares[2]
1958  Panama Cross of the Fundación Internacional Eloy Alfaro[2]
1961  UNESCO Gold Medal of the Columbus Association[2]
1965  Colombia Officer on Consular Merit by the Instituto Consular Interamericano[2]

Honours[edit]

1952  Holy See Knight of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem[2][19][20] Equestrian order of the Holy Sepulcher of Jerusalem BAR.svg
1954  England PhD Honoris Causa by University College London[2] UCL-logo-new.png
1956  England D.Litt. Honoris Causa by Ministerial Training College (Sheffield)[2]
1956  Cuba D.Litt. Honoris Causa by Colegio Universitario de San Andrés, (Havana)[2]
1963  United States Citizenship of New Orleans, Louisiana[2] Seal of New Orleans, Louisiana.png

Institutions[edit]

During the course of his life, Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea was member of the following institutions:

1945  United States United States consulate in Guadalajara Advisor for Cultural Affairs[2] Guadalajara
1946  Mexico Sociedad de Ingenieros y Arquitectos de Guadalajara Numerary Member[124] Guadalajara
1948  Mexico Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica Supernumerary Member[96] Mexico City
1948  Mexico Comité Geográfico Municipal de Compostela Numerary Member[125] Compostela, Nayarit
1949  Mexico Sociedad de Amigos de Compostela Founder and General Secretary[126] Compostela, Nayarit
1949  Mexico Asociación Consular de Guadalajara Numerary Member[2] Guadalajara
1950  Mexico Sociedad Mexicana de Geografía y Estadística Correspondent Member[2] Mexico City
1950  United Nations Organización de las Naciones Unidas Delegate to the State of Jalisco[2] New York City
1950  El Salvador El Salvador consulate in Guadalajara Consul[2] San Salvador
1951  Mexico Instituto Mexicano-Norteamericano de Jalisco Numerary Member[2] Guadalajara
1951  Mexico Honorable Cuerpo de Defensores de la República Mexicana y sus Descendientes Descendant Member[2] Mexico City
1951 Flag of the Vatican City.svg Holy See Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem Knight (KHS)[2][19][20] Vatican City
1952  Spain Academia Mallorquina de Estudios Genealógicos Correspondent Member[127] Palma de Mallorca
1953  Mexico Sociedad de Anticuarios de Guadalajara Numerary Member[2] Guadalajara
1953  Mexico Academia de Genealogía y Heráldica Mota-Padilla Numerary Member[128] Guadalajara
1953  Costa Rica Academia Costarricense de Ciencias Genealógicas Correspondent Member[129] San José, Costa Rica
1953  France L'Académie Palatine Correspondent Member[130] Paris
1953  United States The American Society of Heraldry Correspondent Member[131] New York City
1953  France L'Académie Chablaisienne Correspondent Member[2] Thonon-les-Bains
1953  Denmark Societas Heraldica et Sphragistica Danica Correspondent Member[2] Copenhagen
1953  Canada Société Historique de Montréal' Correspondent Member[2] Montréal
1953  Guatemala Academia Guatemalteca de Estudios Genealógicos, Heráldicos e Históricos Correspondent Member[2] Guatemala City
1953  Argentina Instituto Argentino de Ciencias Genealógicas Correspondent Member[2] Buenos Aires
1953  Cuba Instituto Cubano de Genealogía y Heráldica Correspondent Member[2] Havana
1953  Ecuador Instituto Genealógico de Guayaquil Correspondent Member[2] Guayaquil
1953  Mexico Sociedad Oaxaqueña de Genealogía y Heráldica Numerary Member[132] Oaxaca, Oaxaca
1953  Brazil Instituto Genealogico Brasileiro Correspondent Member[133] São Paulo, Brazil
1953  Peru Instituto Peruano de Genealogía y Heráldica Correspondent Member[2] Lima, Peru
1953  Italy Accademia Culturale Adriatica Correspondent Member[2] Milan, Italy
1953  Spain Real Academia de Ciencias, Letras y Artes de la Purísima Concepción Correspondent Member[2] Valladolid
1954  Japan Japanese Red Cross Association Correspondent Member[2] Tokyo, Japan
1954  Spain Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Telmo Correspondent Member[2] Málaga
1954  Spain Pontificia y Real Academia Bibliográfico-Mariana de Lérida Correspondent Member[2] Lérida
1954  Mexico Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica Numerary Member[2] Mexico City
1954  Spain Instituto Internacional de Genealogía y Heráldica Correspondent Member[2] Madrid
1954  England The Heraldry Society Overseas Member[2] London
1954  Spain Real Academia de Bellas Artes y Ciencias Históricas Correspondent Member[2] Toledo, Spain
1955  Mexico Sociedad de Amigos de Tecolotlán Numerary Member[2] Tecolotlán
1955  Spain Real Academia Galega Correspondent Member[2][134] La Coruña
1955  England Society of Genealogists Overseas Member[135] London
1955  Brazil Associação de Intercâmbio Cultural Correspondent Member[136] Mato Grosso
1955  Cuba Sociedad Colombista Panamericana Correspondent Member[137] Havana
1955  Bolivia Sociedad Heráldica y Genealógica Boliviana Correspondent Member[138] La Paz, Bolivia
1955  Spain Real Academia de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Luis Correspondent Member[139] Zaragoza
1955  United States The American International Academy Correspondent Member[140] New York City
1956  Spain Instituto Internacional de Genealogía y Heráldica Numerary Member[141] Madrid
1956  Italy Accademia di Paestum Correspondent Member[2] Salerno
1956  Mexico Instituto de Relaciones Culturales Mexicano-Etíope Correspondent Member[142] Mexico City
1956  Spain Real Sociedad Económica Murciana de Amigos del País Correspondent Member[143] Murcia
1957  Italy Accademia Internazionale Litteraria-Instituto Napoletano di Cultura Correspondent Member[2] Naples, Italy
1957  Italy Accademia Universitaria Internazionale Correspondent Member[2] Rome
1957  Spain Real Academia San Romualdo de Ciencias, Letras y Artes de San Fernando Correspondent Member[144] Cádiz
1957  Spain Real Academia Sevillana de Buenas Letras Correspondent Member[2] Seville
1957  Mexico Instituto Cultural Mexicano-Belga Correspondent Member[2] Mexico City
1958  Spain Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Jorge Correspondent Member[2] Barcelona
1958  Mexico Academia Nacional Mexicana de Estudios Militares Numerary Member[2] Mexico City
1960  Mexico Real Academia de Córdoba Correspondent Member[2] Córdoba, Andalusia
1960  Hungary St. Ladislaus Society Correspondent Member[2] Budapest
1964  United States The Augustan Society Fellow First Class[145] Orlando, Florida
1964  Chile Instituto Chileno de Investigaciones Genealógicas Correspondent Member[146] Santiago de Chile
1965  Spain Real Academia Hispanoamericana de Cádiz Correspondent Member[2] Cádiz
1966  Spain Real Academia de Córdoba de Ciencias, Bellas Letras y Nobles Artes Correspondent Member[147] Córdoba, Andalusia
1967  Spain Academia Vélez de Guevara Correspondent Member[2] Ecija
1968  Mexico Instituto de Investigación Histórica y Genealógica de México Correspondent Member[148] Mexico City
1970  Mexico Centro de Estudios Históricos Fray Antonio Tello Numerary Member[2] Guadalajara
1974  United States The Augustan Society Member of the Executive Council and Advisory Committee[149] Orlando, Florida

Major works[edit]

Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea is mentioned by Heriberto García Rivas (1971) among the notable authors of the late 20th century in Mexico.[150][151] As a published author, his name can be found also like: Ricardo Lancaster-Jones or Ing. Ricardo Lancaster-Jones.[152] His publications include:

Bibliography[edit]

  • 1951 – El Primer Impreso Tapatío y sus autores
  • 1952 – Dos Monografías Jaliscienses[153]
  • 1952 – La Biblioteca Jalisciense[154]
  • 1961 – Examen de Libros. Imperialista desengañado[155]
  • 1970 – Examen de un Libro[156]
  • 1981 – La Historia de la Conquista de Francisco López de Gómara[157]
  • 1981 – La Marquesa Caldeón de la Barca y su "Vida en México"[158]

Biography[edit]

Tríptico Mariano, 2nd edition, 1952
  • 1947 – El Acta de Francisco Márquez en Guadalajara[159]
  • 1949 – El intestado de Domingo Lázaro de Arregui[160]
  • 1949 – Don Manuel de Olasagarre
  • 1950 – Don José Luis Verdía y Don Luis Pérez Verdía
  • 1950 – Una hija de los Condes de Miravalle, Primera Dama de la República[161][162]
  • 1951 – Un Hijo de D. Nuño de Guzmán[163]
  • 1952 – Datos biográficos de Luis Pérez Verdía[164][165]
  • 1952 – Guadalajara y Don Juan Manuel[166][167]
  • 1954 – Una Ilustre Dama Mallorquina en México[168]
  • 1955 – El Nacimiento de Maximiliano[169]
  • 1956 – Evocación de Juan Salvador Agraz[170]
  • 1957 – El Encomendero Martín Monje
  • 1958 – El Señor Ingeniero Alberto Lancaster-Jones y Mijares, un Caballero Terciario[171]
  • 1958 – Primo de Verdad, Héroe Jalisciense
  • 1958 – Primo Verdad, Jalisciense Neto[172]
  • 1961 – Un Mexicano Ministro General de la Orden Franciscana[173]
  • 1966 – Don Francisco de Paula Verea, Obispo de Linares y de Puebla[174]
  • 1970 – Don Juan B. Iguíniz, como historiador de Jalisco y genealogista local[175][176]
  • 1973 – El Acta de Francisco Márquez en Guadalajara (new information)[177]
  • 1974 – Fray Antonio Tello y su Importancia en la Historiografía de Jalisco[178]
  • 1976 – Mexicano ilustre en la fundacion de la Academia San Carlos de Valencia[179][180]
  • 1981 – Don Juan B. Iguiniz[181]
  • 1981 – El Historiador Agustín Rivera y Sanromán[182]
  • 1981 – François Chevalier y su Historia Social[183]
  • 1983 – Don Nicolás Carlos Gómez de Cervantes, XV Obispo de Guatemala[184]

Diplomacy and institutions[edit]

El Primer Mayorazgo Tapatío, 1957
  • 1952 – La Orden de Caballería del Santo Sepulcro de Jerusalén
  • 1953 - Apuntes para la Historia de la Orden Ecuestre del Santo Sepulcro de Jerusalén en México
  • 1954 – Honores de Estado[185]
  • 1954 – La Orden de Nuestra Señora de San Juan de los Lagos
  • 1954 – Investidura de la Orden del Santo Sepulcro
  • 1955 – Discurso Pronunciado en la Cena Consular el 24 de Enero de 1955[186]
  • 1956 – La Academia de Genealogía y Heráldica Mota-Padilla[187]
  • 1964 – The Oldest Genealogical and Heraldic Society in Mexico[188]
  • 1964 – La Academia de Genealogia y Heradica Mota-Padilla[188]
  • 1969 – La Real Academia Sevillana de Buenas Letras[189]

Fine arts and architecture[edit]

  • 1934 – Anticuarios Tapatíos
  • 1939 – Los Rubens de San Juan de los Lagos en entredicho
  • 1939 – La Asunción de María en el Arte de la Pintura y la Escultura
  • 1939 – La Decoración del Salón del Cabildo Municipal[190]
  • 1948 – Tríptico Mariano[191][192][193][194]
  • 1950 – La Casa Natal del General Bernardo Reyes[195]
  • 1952 – La Miniatura en México
  • 1954 – Colecciones de Arte en Guadalajara I (Aurelio G. Hermosillo Brizuela)[196]
  • 1955 – Colecciones de Arte en Guadalajara II (Jesús Garibi Velasco)[197]
  • 1956 – Dos Retratos Románticos Tapatíos
  • 1956 – Iconografía Zapopana
  • 1957 – Colecciones de Arte en Guadalajara IV (Luz de la Cruz Castaños)[198]
  • 1969 – El uso de documentos en la restauración de edificios[199]
  • 1974 – Destellos del Genio Valenciano en Guadalajara, la de México[200][201][202]

Genealogy and heraldry[edit]

  • 1949 – La Familia Añorga y sus ramas de México[203]
  • 1951 – El Orígen de la Familia Miramón[204][205]
  • 1950 – La Familia López-Portillo de la Nueva Galicia y de la Nueva Vizcaya[206]
  • 1950 – El Escudo de Miravalle
  • 1950 – Genealogía de la familia Vallarta de México[207][208]
  • 1951 – Noticia genealógica sobre las familias Ogazón y Velásquez de la Nueva Galicia[209][210]
  • 1951 – El Linaje de Fr. Luis de Palacio
  • 1953 – La Familia Verea de Jalisco
  • 1954 – Los estudios Genealógicos y Heráldicos en el Continente Americano[211][212]
  • 1955 – El autor y sus antecedentes de familia (notes on the López-Portillo family)[213][214]
  • 1957 – Notas genealógicas sobre la familia Pérez-Verdía[215][216]
  • 1958 – Suerte Irlandesa (notes on the Barron Añorga family)[217]
  • 1960 – Heráldica patronímica neogallega: Híjar[218]
  • 1965 – La familia Mijares de Jalisco[219][220]

Haciendas[edit]

Monographs[edit]

Tríptico Mariano, 3rd edition, 1981
  • 1948 – Compostela de ayer y de hoy
  • 1948 – La Iglesia Parroquial de Compostela
  • 1948 – Los Vecinos de Compostela en el Siglo XVI
  • 1949 – Prólogo (Compostela de Indias)[228][229]
  • 1949 – Un Documento relativo a la Iglesia Parroquial de Compostela
  • 1949 – La Batalla de la Mojonera
  • 1950 – Una visita Pastoral a Compostela y a Tepic en el Siglo XVIII
  • 1952 – La Popularidad de la Independencia Mexicana[230]
  • 1953 – Las Tres Basílicas Marianas de Jalisco[231]
  • 1955 – Los Tapatíos en el Siglo XVI[232]
  • 1958 – El Seminario Tapatío cuna de Cardenales
  • 1964 – Los Bienes del Convento Agustino de Guadalajara[233][234]
  • 1966 – El Sistema de Enseñanza Mutua y la Labor de Grupo[235]
  • 1966 – Una Historia Eclesiástica Regional[236]
  • 1970 – Fray Antonio de Segovia y Nustra Señora de Zapopan[237]
  • 1975 – Introducción a un viaje a la Alta California[238][239]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Villaseñor y Villaseñor, "Bibliografía General de Jalisco", vol. IV, 1990, p. 37
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca Lajoie, Who is Who in Mexico, volume 1, 1972, p. 124
  3. ^ "Investigaciones contemporáneas sobre historia de México", 1971, pp. 246, 260
  4. ^ Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas, Issue 88, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas, México, 2006, p. 106
  5. ^ Benchot, Mauricio; "Quehaceres de la Historia", CONDUMEX, México, 2001, p. 182
  6. ^ Murià, José María; "Nueve ensayos sobre historiografía regional", CONACULTA, México, 2003, p. 126
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Moreno Pérez, Raquel; "¿Quién fue el Ingeniero Ricardo Lancaster-Jones?", Boletín del Archivo Histórico de Jalisco, Volumes 1-2, Guadalajara, 1983, pp. 20-25.
  9. ^ Evocación de Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea
  10. ^ Muñoz Altea, Fernando; "Lancaster-Jones", Excélsior, Section B, Mexico City, 1 September 1985
  11. ^ http://openlibrary.org/b/OL2255082M/calles_histo%CC%81ricas_de_Guadalajara
  12. ^ http://books.google.com/books?lr=&cd=16&id=VKRoAAAAMAAJ&dq=%22Ricardo+Lancaster+Jones%22#search_anchor
  13. ^ Villaseñor y Villaseñor, "Bibliografía General de Jalisco", vol. 4, 1990, pp. 37-40
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Vázquez-Tagle, José Jorge; "Los Lancaster-Jones", Class magazine, Issue 6, Mexico City, 1988, pp. 10-12
  15. ^ a b c http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/jalisco/hist.htm
  16. ^ a b Monsiváis, Carlos; "Amor perdido", Ediciones Era, Mexico, 2005, p. 19
  17. ^ Muñoz Altea, Fernando; "Lancaster-Jones", "Excelsior" newspaper, Section B, Mexico City, 1 September 1985
  18. ^ a b "Diccionario Porrúa", volume L-Q, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, p. 1952
  19. ^ a b c d León de la Barra, Luis; "Ordenes y Honores Pontificios en México", 1957, p. 26
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Olvera Ayes, David A.; "Honores extranjeros en Mexico", Publidisa Mexicana, 2007, p. 317
  21. ^ Palomera, Estebán J.; "La obra educativa de los jesuítas en Guadalajara, 1586-1986: visión histórica de cuatro siglos de labor cultural", ITESO, 1986, pp. 287, 292.
  22. ^ http://www.idec.edu.mx/web5/
  23. ^ Alberto Lancaster-Jones is mentioned as Dean of the Faculty of Chemical Sciences with the Staff No. 49, in the International Handbook of Universities, 1959.
  24. ^ "Diccionario Porrúa", volume D-K, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, p. 1198
  25. ^ "Diccionario Porrúa", volume R-Z, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, p. 2951
  26. ^ To know more about "Barron, Forbes & Co.", see Jean Meyer's paper "Barrón, Forbes y Cía", published in 1981 in Nexos magazine: http://www.nexos.com.mx/?P=leerarticulo&Article=266284
  27. ^ Reyes, Alfonso; "Parentalia, primer libro de recuerdos", Tezontle, México, 1958, p. 39.
  28. ^ "Diccionario Porrúa", volume R-Z, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, p. 3721
  29. ^ "Diccionario Porrúa", volume R-Z, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, p. 3722
  30. ^ "Diccionario Porrúa", volume L-Q, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, p. 3722
  31. ^ "Diccionario Porrúa", volume R-Z, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, p. 3669
  32. ^ "Diccionario Porrúa", volume R-Z, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, p. 2937
  33. ^ Verea de Pérez de Salazar, Marta; "Las Familias Verea y Abellón, Vallarta y Villaseñor, González de Hermosillo y Jiménez de Castro, Ogazón y Velásquez Delgado", author's edition, Mexico City, 2002, pp. 18-30, 50-52, 108-112, et al.
  34. ^ "Diccionario Porrúa", volume R-Z, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, pp. 2936-2937
  35. ^ "Diccionario Porrúa", volume R-Z, Editorial Porrúa, 6th edition, Mexico City, 1995, pp. 3172
  36. ^ Alamo, Angel; "Bunting, El Conde de Teba: Memorias de una Leyenda", published by Jacobo Fitz James Stuart, Madrid, 2000, p. 25
  37. ^ Verea de Pérez de Salazar, Marta; "Las Familias Verea y Abellón, Vallarta y Villaseñor, González de Hermosillo y Jiménez de Castro, Ogazón y Velásquez Delgado", author's edition, Mexico City, 2002, pp. 12-20, 45-48, 70, et al.
  38. ^ González Navarro, Moisés; "Cristeros y Agraristas en Jalisco", volume 5, El Colegio de México, México, 2003, p. 80
  39. ^ Torre de la Torre, Federico de la; "Ambrosio Ulloa, forjador de la Escuela Libre de Ingenieros de Jalisco", Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco, Secretaría de Cultura, Guadalajara, 2008, pp. 123 & 142
  40. ^ "Anuario Financiero Mexicano", volume 11, Asociación de Banqueros de México, Editorial Cultura, México, 1950, p. 578
  41. ^ a b León de la Barra, Luis; "Ordenes y Honores Pontificios en México", 1957, p. 28
  42. ^ Vázquez-Tagle, José Jorge; "Pagó Tributo a la Madre Tierra Doña Luz Padilla y España de Lancaster-Jones", "El Occidental" newspaper, Guadalajara, 13 March 1978, Sección D, p. 3
  43. ^ Guerra, François-Xavier; México: del antiguo Régimen a la Revolución"; Fondo de Cultura Económica, volumen 2, Méxco, 1985, p. 434
  44. ^ Aguirre, Amado; "Memorias de Campaña", Instituto Nacional de Estudios Históricos de la Revolución Mexicana, México, 1985, p. 153
  45. ^ ”Anuario de las Ordenes Imperiales 1865, J.M. Lara press, Mexico City, 1865, pp. 3, 14
  46. ^ http://danielefe.tumblr.com/post/20005558458/nombre-paraninfo-de-la-universidad-de
  47. ^ http://cronica.diputados.gob.mx/DDebates/39/3er/CPerma/19460802.html
  48. ^ http://www.rree.gob.sv/archivohistorico/diplomaticos/diplomaticos.htm
  49. ^ "Directorio del Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco", Guadalajara, 1962, p. 107
  50. ^ "Directorio del Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco", Guadalajara, 1962, p. 102
  51. ^ [2]
  52. ^ González y González, Luis; "Invitación a la Microhistoria", Sep-Setentas, volume 72, Secretaría de Educación Pública, México, 1973, p. 94
  53. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=8ulVAAAAMAAJ&q=%22Ricardo+Lancaster+Jones%22&dq=%22Ricardo+Lancaster+Jones%22&lr=&cd=98
  54. ^ González y González, Luis; "De Maestros y Colegas", Obras completas de Luis González y González, volume 16, Clío, 2000, p. 113
  55. ^ Romero de Terreros, Manuel; "Antiguas Haciendas de México", Patria, México, 1956, p. 93.
  56. ^ Cornejo Franco, José; "Introducción del agua a Guadalajara", Papeles Tapatíos, volume 2, Imprenta Universitaria, 1942, p. 22
  57. ^ Chevalier, François; "La formation des grands domaines au Mexique, terre et société aux XVIe-XVIIe siècles", Institut d'ethnologie, Paris, 1952, p. 214
  58. ^ [3]
  59. ^ López-Portillo y Weber, José; "Cristóbal de Oñate", Banco Industrial de Jalisco, Guadalajara, 1955, pp. VII-XI
  60. ^ [4]
  61. ^ Romero de Terreros, "Antiguas Haciendas de México", pp. 89-96
  62. ^ [5]
  63. ^ [6]
  64. ^ McVaugh, "Flora Novo-Galiciana", p. 5
  65. ^ Gray Memorial Botanical Association, The Asa Gray Bulletin, University of Michigan, Botanical Gardens Association, Michigan Botanical Club, volumes 1-2, 1953, p. 388
  66. ^ Agraz García de Alba, Gabriel; "Jalisco y sus Hombres: compendio de geografía, historia y biografía jaliscienses", Vera, 1958, pp. 5, 254, 267
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Main references[edit]

Agraz García de Alba, Gabriel (1984). Evocación de Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea. Mexico City: Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica. 
Cabrera Ypiña de Corsi, Matilde (1970). Refutación genealógica del libro El Valle del Maíz, S.L.P. Mexico City: Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica, pp. 11-46. 
Lajoie, Lucien F. (1972). Who's Notable in Mexico. Who's Who in Mexico, No.1. Mexico City: Who's Who in Mexico, pp. 124-125. 
León de la Barra, Luis (1957). Ordenes y Honores Pontificios en México. Mexico City: Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica, pp. 12, 26, 102. 
Romero de Terreros, Manuel (1956). Antiguas Haciendas de México. Mexico City: Editorial Patria, pp. 12, 89-96. 
Utah Genealogical Association (1971). "Genealogical Journal". Vol. 15-17. Salt Lake City: Utah Genealogical Association, pp. 160-170. 
Valk, Barbara G. (1982). HAPI thesaurus and name authority, 1975-1979. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center Publications, p. 100. 
Vázquez-Tagle, José Jorge (1988). Los Lancaster-Jones. Vol. 5. Mexico City: Class, pp. 10-12. 
Villaseñor y Villaseñor, Ramiro (1986). Las Calles Históricas de Guadalajara. Las Calles Históricas de Guadalajara, No.3. Guadalajara: Gobierno de Jalisco, pp. 29-30. 
Villaseñor y Villaseñor, Ramiro (1990). Bibliografía General de Jalisco. Bibliografía General de Jalisco, No.3. Guadalajara: Gobierno de Jalisco, pp. 37-40. 

References[edit]

Agraz García de Alba, Gabriel (1958). Jalisco y sus Hombres. Guadalajara: Vera. 
Agraz García de Alba, Gabriel (1984). Evocación de Ricardo Lancaster-Jones y Verea. Mexico City: Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica. 
Aguirre, Amado (1985). Memorias de Campaña. Mexico City: Instituto Nacional de Estudios Históricos de la Revolución Mexicana. 
Álamo, Angel (2000). Bunting, El Conde de Teba: Memorias de una Leyenda. Madrid: Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart. 
Arias, Patricia (1985). Guadalajara, la gran ciudad de la pequeña industria. Morelia: El Colegio de Michoacán. 
Arregui, Domingo Lázaro de (1980). Descripción de la Nueva Galicia (prominary study by François Chevalier. Guadalajara: Unidad Editorial del Gobierno de Jalisco. 
Asociación Mexicana de Bancos (1950). Anuario Financiero Mexicano. Mexico City: Cultura. 
Benchot, Mauricio (2001). Quehaceres de la Historia. Mexico City: CONDUMEX. 
Bonilla, Isaac Antonio (1976). Documentos para la historia de California relating to José Mariano Bonilla. Los Angeles: Bonilla press. 
Cabrera Ypiña de Corsi, Matilde (1970). Refutación genealógica del libro El Valle del Maíz, S.L.P. Mexico City: Academia Mexicana de Genealogía y Heráldica. 
Chevalier, François (1952). La formation des grands domaines au Mexique, terre et société aux XVIe-XVIIe siècles. Paris: Institut d'ethnologie. 
Cornejo Franco, José (1942). Introducción del agua a Guadalajara. Guadalajara: Imprenta Universitaria. 
Covarrubias, Ricardo (1970). Las Calles de Monterrey. Monterrey: Editorial Vallarta. 
Dávila Garibi, José Ignacio (1977). Apuntes para la historia de la Iglesia en Guadalajara. Guadalajara: Cultura. 
Editorial Porrúa (1995). Diccionario Porrúa. Mexico City: Porrúa. 
García Rivas, Heriberto (1971). Historia de la Literatura Mexicana: Siglo XX, 1951-1971. Mexico City: Textos Universitarios, S. A. 
Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco (1962). Directorio del Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco. Guadalajara: Unidad Editorial del Gobierno de Jalisco. 
González Leal, Mariano (1982). Retoños de España en Nuevo Galicia. Guanajuato: Universidad de Guanajuato. 
González Navarro, Moisés (2003). Cristeros y Agraristas en Jalisco. Mexico City: El Colegio de México. 
González y González, Luis (1973). Invitación a la Microhistoria. Mexico City: Secretaría de Educación Pública. 
González y González, Luis (2000). De Maestros y Colegas. Mexico City: Clío. 
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